In Greek mythology, the Pseudologoi (Greek: Ψευδολόγοι; singular: Pseudologos) were gods of lies. Hesiod's Theogony identifies them as the children of Eris ("strife") and brothers of Ponos ("toil"), Lethe ("forgetfulness"), the Algea ("pains"), Limos ("starvation"), the Hysminai ("fightings"), the Makhai ("battles"), the Phonoi ("murders"), the Androktasiai ("man-slaughters"), the Neikea ("quarrels"), the Amphilogiai ("disputes"), Dysnomia ("lawlessness"), Atë ("ruin"), and Horkos ("oath").
Aesop presents a different account of the Pseudologoi, whom he characterises as a singular, female being (Pseudologos). In his Fables, Pseudologos is the creation of Dolos, the spirit of deception and apprentice to Prometheus. The elder god had decided to pour his skill into sculpting the form of Aletheia—Truth—who in turn might regulate the behaviour of men. As he was working, he was called away by an unexpected summons from Zeus, leaving Dolos alone in the workshop. Fired by ambition, Dolos took up the remaining clay and began to sculpt a second figure, identical to the first. However, before he could complete the piece he ran out of clay, leaving his figure without feet. When Prometheus returned he marvelled at the similarity between the two creations and put both in the kiln. When they had been baked, he infused the figures with life. The first, Aletheia, walked with measured footsteps, but Dolos' replica, lacking feet, stood stuck in her tracks and acquired the name Pseudologos—Falsehood.
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