Qamishli clashes (April 2016)

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Qamishli clashes (April 2016)
Part of the Rojava conflict and the Syrian Civil War
Date 20–22 April 2016
(2 days)
Location Al-Qamishli, al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria
Result

Ceasefire[7]

  • Kurds expanded their territory in Northern Syria[8][9]
  • The government lost control of a number of positions[8][9][10] and a prison[11]
  • Pro-government forces captured 2 checkpoints, a hospital, and a stadium[4]
Belligerents

Rojava Rojava

Syria Syrian Arab Republic[3]

Commanders and leaders
Rojava Heval Redur[12]
(Asayish commander)
Unknown
Casualties and losses
16 killed[13] 22–31 killed,[9][7] 80–102 captured[9][12]
17–23 civilians killed[9]

The Qamishli clashes (April 2016) were urban clashes between paramilitary police of the Asayish and the pro-government National Defence Forces in the city of al-Qamishli, Syria.

Timeline

On 20 April 2016, National Defence Forces militias attacked an Asayish patrol when Kurdish police failed to stop at a government checkpoint inside the al-Qamishli District.[14] According to Kurdish sources the NDF killed 2 Asayish members and 2 civilians with sniper fire.[1] Additional clashes then escalated between the two factions, with Asayish forces taking part in the fighting, killing 8 NDF members and arresting others.

The next day, the Asayish encircled government forces in the center of the city, taking over a bakery and a prison, with five Asayish fighters being killed.[11] 45 NDF militiamen surrendered and several civilians were killed.[9][8] During the battle Asayish forces removed a poster of Bashar al-Assad in captured areas.[10] In response, the Syrian Army shelled the prison and surrounding areas with mortars, killing 4 civilians in the nearby neighborhoods. On the same day, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed a car bomb attack that killed and wounded 15 Kurdish fighters in the city.[5] In the evening, the NDF and Sootoro reversed some of Asayish's gains and captured two checkpoints, a stadium, and a hospital in the city.[4][15]

An indefinite ceasefire was declared on 22 April. According to the ceasefire agreement, each side will keep the territory under its control. The ceasefire gave Kurds more territory in Northern Syria.[8][7][16]

Aftermath

Nearly two dozen of the captured pro-government fighters were subsequently released under the terms of the ceasefire on 25 April.[17]

On 8 May, Kurdish units(YPG) surrender Allaya prison, Qamishli's Automated Bakery and Municipality Building in city of Qamishli to Syrian army after they were dominated by the Kurds during the last month events in Qamishli.[18]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Clashes erupt between Syrian regime and Kurdish forces in Qamishli". ARA News. 20 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Ceasefire declared in Qamishlo". Firat News Agency. 23 April 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "From the Frontlines of Assad's Strike on the Kurds". The Daily Beast. 22 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Government, Assyrian forces capture more territory from Kurdish troops in Qamishli". Al-Masdar News. 22 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Syrian regime forces bomb Kurdish city of Qamishli amid raging clashes". ARA News. 22 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "50 NDF soldiers surrender to Kurds in Qamishli as clashes enter day three". Al-Masdar News. 22 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Regime, Kurds agree to indefinite truce in northeast Syria city". Mail Online. 22 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Qamishli Ceasefire Gives Kurds More Territory in Northern Syria | VICE News". VICE News. Retrieved 18 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Kurdish forces to keep territory taken from Syrian govt forces under Qamishli truce Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "reuters1" defined multiple times with different content
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Two days of bloodshed in Qamishli as Kurds battle regime forces". Syria:direct. 21 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Battle between Syrian government, Kurdish force kills 26: Kurdish official". Reuters. 21 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Ceasefire reached between Kurds and Assad regime following heavy clashes in Qamislo".ARA News. 23 April 2016.
  13. 89 قضوا أمس بينهم 27 عنصراً من قوات النظام والمسلحين الموالين لها، و31 استشهدوا جراء قصف جوي وسقوط قذائف وطلقات نارية وانفجارات وتحت التعذيب وظروف أخرى
  14. "Clashes erupt between Syrian government and Kurdish forces in Qamishli". Al-Masdar News. 20 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. jack. "Silence in al-Qamishli after violent clashes". Syrian Observatory For Human Rights.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Leith Fadel (22 April 2016). "Breaking: Government, Kurdish leadership declare truce in Qamishli". Al-Masdar News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Kurdish, government forces exchange prisoners in Qamishli". Al-Masdar News. 25 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Al sharqia 24 for 8 May 2016". Al sharqia 24. 8 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>