Qarqur

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Qarqur
قرقور
Karkour
Village
Qarqur is located in Syria
Qarqur
Qarqur
Location in Syria
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Country  Syria
Governorate Hama
District Al-Suqaylabiyah
Subdistrict Al-Ziyarah
Population (2004)
 • Total 2,356

Qarqur (Arabic: قرقور‎‎, also spelled Qarqar or Karkour) is a village in northern Syria, administratively part of the Hama Governorate, located northwest of Hama. It is situated in the al-Ghab plain, on the eastern bank of the Orontes River. Nearby localities include Jisr al-Shughur 6 kilometers to the north,[1] Farikah to the northeast, Qastun to the southeast, al-Ziyarah 7 kilometers to the south,[1] Sirmaniyah to the southwest and al-Najiyah to the northwest. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Qarqur had a population of 2,356 in the 2004 census, making it the largest locality in the al-Ziyarah sub-district (nahiyah).[2]

Qarqur is situated one kilometer west of the archaeological site of Tell Qarqur, which is also on the eastern bank of the Orontes River.[1]

History

Qarqur, or the nearby tell ("artificial mound"), is identified with the Aramean town of Qarqara which was captured in battle by Assyrian emperor Shalmaneser III in 853 BCE. The town was later burned down by Assyrian emperor Sargon II in 720 BCE.[1] Archaeological findings from excavations in 1993 indicate that Tell Qarqur had been settled from the Early Bronze Age through the Iron Age with gaps of no settlement in between.

Tell Qarqur continued to be inhabited through the Byzantine period (late 4th-6th centuries CE), early Islamic rule (7th-11th centuries), the Crusader period (12th-century), until Ayyubid rule (12th-13th centuries.) Coins from the Crusader and Arab and Muslim periods were discovered on the site, as well as some pieces of Mamluk-era pottery. Muslim rule continued in the modern settlement of Qarqur on the eastern bank of the Orontes.[3]

Modern era

In 1953 the Syrian government commenced what was known as the "Ghab Project" to drain the waters of the al-Ghab plain in order to sufficiently distribute water from the Orontes River to the various communities of the area. Of the infrastructural works included in the project,[4] was the construction of a dam at Qarqur between 1963-1965.[5] The Qarqur Dam blocks the Orontes on one side, while it supplies water to the other side when necessary. However, it lacks an artificial basin.[4]

When the nearby Zeyzoun Dam collapsed, mass flooding resulted in hundreds of homes being damaged and destroyed in Qarqur, al-Ziyarah, Zaizoun and Qastun.[6]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lipinsky, p. 264.
  2. General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Hama Governorate. (Arabic)
  3. Romano, pp. 139-140.
  4. 4.0 4.1 De Miranda, p. 267.
  5. Orient. 10. (1966). Page 166.
  6. Syria calls for urgent disaster aid after 10 killed in dam burst. Agence France-Presse. 2002-06-05.

Bibliography