Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway

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Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway (QA&P) was a 117-mile (188 km) freight railroad that operated between the Red River and Floydada, Texas, from 1902 until it was merged into the Burlington Northern Railroad in 1981.[1]


On May 3, 1902 the line was incorporated as the Acme, Red River and Northern Railway. The founders' original, never-realized plans were to extend the line 500 miles (800 km) from the Red River to El Paso, Texas.[2]

On January 28, 1909 the railroad assumed the name of the Quanah, Acme and Pacific.[3] One of the largest shareholders was Harry Koch.[4]

In 1911 the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway assumed control of the QA&P.[2]

In 1913 the eight-mile long Motley County Railroad was chartered with money from more than ninety investors. It ran through unfenced ranch lands in Motley County before joining the QA&P at Roaring Springs. This track continued to operate until 1936.[5]

Freight stops on the QA&P were in Red River, Carnes, Quanah, Acme, Lazare, Swearingen, Paducah, Narcisso, Summit (Motley County), Russellville, Roaring Springs, MacBain, Dougherty, Boothe Spur, and Floydada.

On June 8, 1981 the QA&P was merged by owner Burlington Northern Railroad, which had merged the QA&P's corporate parent, the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, on November 21, 1980.[6]

The Burlington Northern Railroad abandoned the former QA&P line west of Paducah in 1982.[6]


QA&P's traffic consisted of overhead freight—between the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway at Red River and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway at Floydada—and some general commodities.[2] Starting in the 1960s the QLA freight train via Floydada was scheduled to arrive Los Angeles 38-1/2 to 40 hours after leaving Tulsa. The railroad's traffic was cut back after 1973 when overhead trade took a shorter route via Avard, OK.[7]

In 1925 QA&P reported 8 million ton-miles of revenue freight on 91 miles of line; in 1944 it had 51 million and in 1967 130 million, both on 120 route-miles.


  1. For a general history, see Britton, Charles C., "The Quanah Route: A Texas Short Line Railroad" (1990, Joed Books, Ft. Collins, CO).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lewis, Edward A. (1975). American Short Line Railway Guide. The Baggage Car. p. 94.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Lewis, Edward A. (1978). American Short Line Railway Guide. The Baggage Car. p. 103.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Yasha Levine (2011-11-07). "Empire Building". The Texas Observer. Retrieved 2014-09-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "The Motley County Railroad", Historical marker, Texas Historical Commission, Motley County, Texas
  6. 6.0 6.1 Lewis, Edward A. (1986). American Short Line Railway Guide. Kalmbach Books. p. 233.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Trains magazine, January 1984, p. 44.