Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway

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Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway (QA&P) was a 117-mile (188 km) freight railroad that operated between the Red River and Floydada, Texas, from 1902 until it was merged into the Burlington Northern Railroad in 1981.[1]

History

On May 3, 1902 the line was incorporated as the Acme, Red River and Northern Railway. The founders' original, never-realized plans were to extend the line 500 miles (800 km) from the Red River to El Paso, Texas.[2]

On January 28, 1909 the railroad assumed the name of the Quanah, Acme and Pacific.[3] One of the largest shareholders was Harry Koch.[4]

In 1911 the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway assumed control of the QA&P.[2]

In 1913 the eight-mile long Motley County Railroad was chartered with money from more than ninety investors. It ran through unfenced ranch lands in Motley County before joining the QA&P at Roaring Springs. This track continued to operate until 1936.[5]

Freight stops on the QA&P were in Red River, Carnes, Quanah, Acme, Lazare, Swearingen, Paducah, Narcisso, Summit (Motley County), Russellville, Roaring Springs, MacBain, Dougherty, Boothe Spur, and Floydada.

On June 8, 1981 the QA&P was merged by owner Burlington Northern Railroad, which had merged the QA&P's corporate parent, the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, on November 21, 1980.[6]

The Burlington Northern Railroad abandoned the former QA&P line west of Paducah in 1982.[6]

Traffic

QA&P's traffic consisted of overhead freight—between the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway at Red River and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway at Floydada—and some general commodities.[2] Starting in the 1960s the QLA freight train via Floydada was scheduled to arrive Los Angeles 38-1/2 to 40 hours after leaving Tulsa. The railroad's traffic was cut back after 1973 when overhead trade took a shorter route via Avard, OK.[7]

In 1925 QA&P reported 8 million ton-miles of revenue freight on 91 miles of line; in 1944 it had 51 million and in 1967 130 million, both on 120 route-miles.

References

  1. For a general history, see Britton, Charles C., "The Quanah Route: A Texas Short Line Railroad" (1990, Joed Books, Ft. Collins, CO).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lewis, Edward A. (1975). American Short Line Railway Guide. The Baggage Car. p. 94. 
  3. Lewis, Edward A. (1978). American Short Line Railway Guide. The Baggage Car. p. 103. 
  4. Yasha Levine (2011-11-07). "Empire Building". The Texas Observer. Retrieved 2014-09-26. 
  5. "The Motley County Railroad", Historical marker, Texas Historical Commission, Motley County, Texas
  6. 6.0 6.1 Lewis, Edward A. (1986). American Short Line Railway Guide. Kalmbach Books. p. 233. 
  7. Trains magazine, January 1984, p. 44.