Quiza Xenitana

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Map showing "Quiza", just west of Cartennas, on the coast of Mauretania Caesariensis

Quiza, which Pliny the Elder called Quiza Xenitana,[1] was a minor city or colony in Roman Africa, located in the late Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis.


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Quiza Cenitana was a place located on the coast of Mauretania Caesariensis. Various ancient authors refer to it by different terms - colonia (Ptolemy), municipium (Antonine Itinerary), and oppidum (Pliny the Elder). Pleiades

Probably a small berber village with Phoenician roots, Quiza grew under the Roman empire: it is recorded that emperor Hadrian built in this city an arch around 120 AD.

William Smith identified Quiza with Giza near Oran, Algeria.[2] More recent investigations have identified it with present-day El-Benian on the coast road between Mostaga and Dara.[3][4][5]

In his Natural History, 4.2.3., Pliny the Elder: writes: "Next to this is Quiza Xenitana, a town founded by strangers"; a remark explained because the word Xenitana is derived from Greek ξένος, "a stranger",[6] as explained also by Victor Vitensis.[7] The town is mentioned also by Pliny elsewhere (5.2), by Ptolemy, and by Pomponius Mela.[2]


Quiza is also a Titular See of the Christianity. Quaestoriana was in the ecclesistical provence of Byzacena.[8]

At the Conference of Carthage in 411, which brought together Catholic and Donatist bishops, Quiza was represented by the Catholic Priscus, who had no Donatist counterpart. He is mentioned also in a letter of Saint Augustine to Pope Celestine I.[9] Tiberianus of Quiza was one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484 and then exiled. In addition, the name of a Bishop Vitalianus appears in the mosaic pavement of the excavated basilica of Quiza.[10][11][12]


No longer a residential bishopric, Quiza is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[13]

Bishop Flores of San Diego.
  • Priscus fl 411.
  • Tiberianus of Quiza fl484
  • Vitalianus
  • Adrien André Maria Cimichella, O.S.M. † (5 Jun 1964 Appointed - 21 Jul 2004 Died)
  • José Guadalupe Torres Campos (10 Dec 2005 Appointed - 25 Nov 2008 Appointed, Bishop of Gómez Palacio, Durango)
  • Cirilo B. Flores † (5 Jan 2009 Appointed - 4 Jan 2012 Appointed, Coadjutor Bishop of San Diego, California)
  • Linas (Genadijus) Vodopjanovas, O.F.M. (11 Feb 2012 Appointed - )



  • Laffi, Umberto. Colonie e municipi nello Stato romano Ed. di Storia e Letteratura. Roma, 2007 ISBN 8884983509
  • Mommsen, Theodore. The Provinces of the Roman Empire Section: Roman Africa. (Leipzig 1865; London 1866; London: Macmillan 1909; reprint New York 1996) Barnes & Noble. New York, 1996

See also