||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (February 2013)|
|Part of Flintshire|
|Queensferry in Wales|
Shown within Wales
|Type||Royal Air Force station|
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Operator||Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
United States Air Forces In Europe
Royal Air Force
|Battles/wars||European Theatre of the Second World War (RAF)|
|Elevation||5 metres (16 ft) AMSL|
Royal Air Force Sealand or more simply RAF Sealand is a former Royal Air Force station in Flintshire, in the north-east corner of Wales, close to the border with England, and operated between 1916 and 2006.
Under defence cuts announced in 2004 RAF Sealand was completely closed in April 2006. All remaining RAF units were moved to RAF Leeming. Part of the original airfield is now operated as the civilian MoD Sealand.
It was originally a civilian airfield and was taken over by the military in 1916 for training. Two twin hangars, which were built in 1917, were used by the newly formed Royal Flying Corps. Originally named RFCS Shotwick and later RAF Shotwick, the station was finally named RAF Sealand during the Second World War.
Immediately pre-war and in the early war years, it was the home of No. 5 Flying Training School RAF (5 FTS), equipped with Airspeed Oxfords. During the war, the Flying Training Schools provided what was in effect intermediate training for pilots who had received ab initio training and flown solo at an EFTS (Elementary Flying Training School) and who had subsequently been inducted into the RAF. Pilots thus arrived at No. 5 FTS RAF Sealand as APOs (Acting Pilot Officers) and upon satisfactory completion of intermediate training became Pilot Officers (POs), and were prepared for posting to a squadron or OTU (Operational Training Unit). Kenneth Cross spent time at No. 5 FTS as an instructor in the early 1930s. From 5 August 1940, the CFI (Chief Flying Instructor) was Edward Mortlock Donaldson. Amongst the pilots who trained at 5 FTS, RAF Sealand was Johnnie Johnson.
In 1951 the station was taken over by the United States Air Force. The 30th Air Depot Wing was located at Sealand, but plans were made to relocate it to RAF Brize Norton, both in the UK. Most assigned personnel of the 30th Air Depot Group were reassigned to the 7558th Air Depot Group of the 59th Air Depot Wing, effective from 26 November 1951. All staff sections of the 30th Air Depot Wing were dissolved, and a Consolidated Adjutant and Military Personnel Section was formed. 30th Air Depot Wing was relieved from assignment to the 59th Air Depot Wing effective 27 November 1951. 30th Air Depot Wing began operating as a tenant organization at RAF Sealand, with base support for the wing being provided by the 7558th Air Depot Group as of 27 November 1951. Jurisdiction of RAF Sealand was transferred from the 30th Air Depot Wing to the 7558th Air Depot Wing on 27 November 1951. It was handed back to the RAF in 1957.
Sealand was a communications support base for RAF operations around the world. It functioned as a third-line repair station for avionics equipment for all three services. The Royal Air Force Almanac 1995 said that No. 30 Maintenance Unit RAF was at the time the main unit for airborne electronic and instrument equipment. It serviced more than 100,000 items of airborne radio, radar, electronic, instrument, and missile equipment a year. It also calibrated and manufactured test equipment.
Examples of equipment serviced : C12 Directional Gyroscope (Hercules), and other gyroscopic based navigational equipment.
No. 631 Volunteer Gliding Squadron RAF operated at Sealand between 1963 and 2006, most recently flying the Viking TMk1 conventional winch-launched glider.
In March 2006, No. 631 VGS relocated to RAF Woodvale to operate the Grob109b 'Vigilant' self-launched motorglider.
Civilian Technical Training school
Sealand was home to the Civilian Technical Training School giving training in avionics, radio, radar and flight instrumentation. The school also trained ATTOs (Assistant Telecommunications Technical Officers (formerly Radio Technician)), ATTs (Avionics Trainee Technicians), and apprentices.
The following apprenticehips were offered:
- Craft Technician
- Instrument Maker
- Radio Technician
- 2001 - 2008 Defence Aviation Repair Agency (DARA)
- 2008 - 2015 Defence Support Group
- 2015 - DECA (Defence Electronics and Components Agency)
The Electronics Business Unit of the Defence Support Group (DSG) occupies part of the original Sealand site since the closure of the RAF station in 2006. The business unit is responsible for the repair and maintenance of Avionic equipment and operates as part of a Trading Fund of the Ministry of Defence.
The MOD has contemplated using the site for several purposes, one of the most controversial of which was the idea to turn RAF Sealand into an emergency prison to cope with overcrowded prisons in England and Wales.
Sealand's ranges are still used for shooting, where units from the services and civilian target shooting clubs come to compete or practice shooting.
- "Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk XVIe - TD248/CR-S". touchdown-aviation.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- March, Peter R., ed. (1995). The Royal Air Force Almanac 1995. RAF Fairford: Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund Enterprises. p. 18. ISBN 0-951-6581-8-2.
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