|File:Rabbit Maranville 1914.jpg|
|Shortstop / Second baseman|
November 11, 1891|
|Died: January 6, 1954
Woodside, Queens, New York
|September 10, 1912, for the Boston Braves|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 29, 1935, for the Boston Braves|
|Runs batted in||884|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Vote||82.94% (14th ballot)|
Walter James Vincent Maranville (November 11, 1891 – January 6, 1954), better known as Rabbit Maranville due to his speed and small stature (5'5", 155 pounds), was a Major League Baseball shortstop. At the time of his retirement in 1935, he had played in a record 23 seasons in the National League, a mark which wasn't broken until 1986 by Pete Rose.
Maranville finished third in the MVP voting in his first full season, playing for the Boston Braves as a 21-year-old in 1913 even though his batting average was just .247 in 143 games with two homers. The following year, Maranville was the runner-up in the MVP voting to teammate Johnny Evers as the Braves won the National League pennant and then went on to sweep the powerful Philadelphia A's in the World Series. That year, Maranville was the Braves' cleanup hitter, despite batting just .246 and hitting four home runs. Even at age 41, when Maranville batted .218 in 143 games and hit no homers, he finished in a tie for 12th in the MVP voting.
Over a lengthy career which spanned both the dead ball and live-ball era, Maranville played for the Boston Braves (1912–1920, 1929–1933, 1935), Pittsburgh Pirates (1921–1924), Chicago Cubs (1925), Brooklyn Robins (1926) and St. Louis Cardinals (1927–1928). He retired having compiled a .258 batting average, 2,605 hits, 1,255 runs, 28 home runs, 884 RBI and 291 stolen bases. As a shortstop, he finished his career with a positional record 5,139 putouts. He won his only World Series championship in 1914 as a member of the Braves, and won his only other National League championship in 1928 as a member of the Cardinals.
Maranville was known as one of "baseball's most famous clowns" due to his practical jokes and lack of inhibitions. When he was appointed manager of the Chicago Cubs in 1925—one of their worst seasons ever—he did not change his behavior. One night he went through a Pullman car dumping water on sleeping players' heads, saying, "No sleeping under Maranville management, especially at night." Not long after that, he was out on the street outside Ebbets Field in Brooklyn mimicking a newsboy hawking papers. He cried out, "Read all about it! Maranville fired!" And so he was—the next day.
In later years he worked as the director of a baseball school sponsored by the New York Journal-American newspaper.
Death and legacy
Rabbit Maranville was stricken by a heart attack shortly after midnight on January 6, 1954 at his home in Woodside, New York. Death was nearly instantaneous. He was 62 years old at the time of his death.
- List of Major League Baseball players with 2,000 hits
- List of Major League Baseball players with 100 triples
- List of Major League Baseball players with 1,000 runs
- List of Major League Baseball player–managers
- Pietrusza, David; Matthew Silverman; Gershman, Michael (2000). Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia. New York: Total Sports. pp. 707–708. ISBN 1-892129-34-5. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- James, Bill (2003-04-06). The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract. New York: Free Press. pp. 615–617. ISBN 0743227220.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Nash, B. & Zullo, A. The Baseball Hall of Shame 3, 1987; p. 134
- "Rabbit Maranville Dies at 62; Sparkplug of '14 'Miracle' Braves," Brooklyn Eagle, vol. 113, no. 5 (January 6, 1954), pp. 1, 15.
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