A cucumber and mint raita
|Alternative name(s)||रायता, রাইতা
|Region or state||Indian Subcontinent with regional variations|
|Main ingredient(s)||Yogurt, cucumber, mint|
|Variations||Dahi chutney, Pachadi|
Raita is an Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi side dish made with dahi (yogurt, often referred to as curd) together with raw or cooked vegetables, more seldom fruit, or in the case of boondi raita, with fried droplets of batter made from besan (chickpea flour, generally labelled as gram flour).
The closest approximation in western cuisine is a side dish or dip, or a cooked salad. It is often referred to as a condiment, but unlike traditional western condiments like, salt, pepper, mustard and horseradish that made dishes more spicy, a dish of dahi or raita has a cooling effect to contrast with spicy curries and kebabs that are the main fare of some Asian cuisines. In vegetarian Indian cuisine, some type of flatbread may be eaten together with raita, chutneys and pickles.
The word raita first appeared in print around the 19th century; it comes from the Hindi language. The word raita in Hindi and Urdu is a derivative of the Sanskrit word rajika, meaning black mustard, and tiktaka, meaning sharp or pungent. In South India, especially Kerala and Tamil Nadu, traditional raita is called pachadi.
Raita is also sometimes simply called dahi, or "sourmilk", after its main ingredient, particularly in South African Indian cuisine.
A variety of raita of India varies from region to region, most notable raithas are boondi raitha—tiny balls of fried gram flour (chickpea flour), which may taste salty or tīkhā (spicy) and onion raita and vegetable raita. The mixture is served chilled. Raita may cool the palate when eating spicy Indian or Pakistani dishes.
For the main article see Pachadi.
Pachadi is the South Indian variation of Raita.
- Tomato onion raita
- Cucumber raita
- Carrot raita
- Pumpkin raita
- Potato raita
- Mint and peanut raita
- Spinach raita
- Horned melon raita
- Beet raita
- Calabash raita (Bottle Gourd raita)
- Brinjal raita
As a side dish
Raita is served as a side dish to be eaten with main course dishes.
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- Cultural Food Practices. American Dietetic Associat. 2009. p. 244. ISBN 9780880914338.
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- Basic Food Preparation (Third Edition). Orient Longman Private limited. 1986. ISBN 81-250-2300-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>