Raphael II of Constantinople
|Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople|
|Church||Church of Constantinople|
|Term ended||October 1607|
|Previous post||Bishop of Mithymna|
Raphael was Bishop of Mithymna when, in March 1603, he was elected Ecumenical Patriarch. During his patriarchate, he addressed the regulation of many ecclesiastical matters and issued a number of standard provisions. The clashes with the previous Patriarch Neophytus II caused many problems in the Church, to the point that Cyril Lucaris, in a letter to the Bishop of Heraclea Dionysius, wrote that "... Raphael ruled the Patriarchate as a tyrant for more than four years ...".
Raphael showed interest in a possible union with the Western Church and he began a secret correspondence with the Pope. He remained Patriarch until October 1607, when he was forcibly deposed by Sultan Ahmed I and suffered a violent death in exile.
- Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Ραφαὴλ Β´". Ecumenical Patriarchate. Retrieved 16 Sep 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>(Greek)
- Runciman, Steven (1985). The Great Church in captivity. Cambridge University Press. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-521-31310-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>