Raphael Patai

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Raphael Patai (Hebrew רפאל פטאי) (November 22, 1910 − July 20, 1996),[1] born Ervin György Patai, was a Hungarian-Jewish ethnographer, historian, Orientalist and anthropologist.

Family background

Patai was born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary in 1910 to Edith Ehrenfeld Patai and József Patai. Patai's mother was born in Nagyvárad to German-speaking, Jewish parents who expressed their commitment to Magyar nationalism by sending their daughter to Hungarian-language schools.[2] Both parents spoke Hungarian and German fluently, and educated their children to be perfectly fluent in both Hungarian and German.[2] His father was a prominent literary figure, author of numerous Zionist and other writings, including a biography of Theodor Herzl. József was founder and editor of the Jewish political and cultural journal Mult és jövő, (Past and Future) from 1911 to 1944, a journal that was revived in 1988 by János Köbányai in Budapest. József Patai also wrote an early History of Hungarian Jews, and founded a Zionist organization in Hungary that procured support for the settlement of Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine.

Education

Raphael Patai studied at rabbinical seminaries in and at the University of Budapest and the University of Breslau, from which he received a doctorate in Semitic languages and Oriental history. He moved to Palestine in 1933, where his parents joined him in 1939, after he received the first doctorate awarded by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in 1936. He returned briefly to Budapest where he completed his ordination at the Budapest Rabbinical Seminary.

Career

During the late 1930s and early 1940s Patai taught at the Hebrew University and served as the secretary of the Haifa Technion. He founded the Palestine Institute of Folklore and Ethnology in 1944, serving as its director of research for four years. He also served as scientific director of a Jewish folklore studies program for the Beit Ha'Am public cultural program in Jerusalem.[3]

In 1947 Patai went to New York with a fellowship from the Viking Fund for Anthropological Research; he also studied the Jews of Mexico. Patai settled in the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1952. He held visiting professorships at a number of the country's most prestigious colleges, including Columbia, the University of Pennsylvania, New York University, Princeton, and Ohio State. He held full professorships of anthropology at Dropsie College from 1948 to 1957 and at Fairleigh Dickinson University. In 1952 he was asked by the United Nations to direct a research project on Syria, Lebanon and Jordan for the Human Relations Area Files.

Patai's work was wide-ranging but focused primarily on the cultural development of the ancient Hebrews and Israelites, on Jewish history and culture, and on the anthropology of the Middle East generally. He was the author of hundreds of scholarly articles and several dozen books, including three autobiographical volumes.

Awards

In 1936, Patai was the co-recipient (jointly with Moshe Zvi Segal) of the Bialik Prize for Jewish thought.[4]

Personal life

Patai married Naomi Tolkowsky, whose family had moved to Palestine in the early twentieth century; they had two daughters, Jennifer (born 1942) and Daphne (born 1943). He died in 1996 in Tucson, Arizona at the age of 85. Longtime Hebrew University of Jerusalem organic chemistry professor Saul Patai[5] (1918-1998) was his brother.

Selected bibliography

Own writings

  • Arab Folktales from Palestine and Israel. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 1998.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Children of Noah: Jewish seafaring in ancient times. Princeton: N.J.: Princeton University Press. 1998.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Jadåid al-Islām: The Jewish "new Muslims" of Meshhed. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 1997.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Jewish Mind. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 1996 [1973].<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Jews of Hungary: History, culture, psychology. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 1996.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Jewish Alchemists: A history and source book. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. 1994.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thinkers and teachers of modern Judaism. New York, N.Y.: Paragon House. 1994.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (with Emanuel S. Goldsmith)
  • The Hebrew Goddess (3rd enl. ed.). Detroit, Mich.: Wayne State University Press. 1990.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Myth of the Jewish Race (Rev. ed.). Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 1989.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (with Jennifer Patai)
  • Gates to the Old City: A book of Jewish legends. Northvale, N.J.: J. Aronson. 1988.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Apprentice in Budapest: Memories of a world that is no more. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. 1988.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Nahum Goldmann: His missions to the Gentiles. University, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. 1987.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Seed of Abraham: Jews and Arabs in contact and conflict (1st paperback ed.). Salt Lake and New York: Scribner and UUP. 1987 [1986].<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Kingdom of Jordan. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. 1984.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Arab Mind (Rev. ed.). New York: Scribner with introduction by Norvell de Atkine, Hatherleigh Press. 2002 [1973].<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • On Jewish folklore. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 1983.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gates to the Old City: A book of Jewish legends. New York and Detroit: Avon and Wayne State University Press. 1981 [1980].<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Messiah texts. New York and Detroit: Avon and Wayne State University Press. 1979.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria: An annotated bibliography. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. 1973.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Tents of Jacob: The Diaspora, Yesterday and Today. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. 1971.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel. New York: Herzl Press. 1971.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Essays in Zionist history and thought. New York: Herzl Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Hebrew goddess. New York: KTAV Publishing House. 1968.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Reprint with an introduction by Merlin Stone
  • Golden River to Golden Road: Society, culture, and change in the Middle East (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 1967.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Women in the modern world. New York: Free Press. 1967.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sex and the Family in the Bible and the Middle East. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday. 1959.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Kingdom of Jordan. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1958.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Man and Temple in Ancient Jewish Myth and Ritual. New York: Nelson. 1947.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Co-authorship

  • Patai, Raphael; Goldsmith, Emanuel S. (1995). Events and Movements in Modern Judaism. New York: Paragon House.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patai, József; Patai, Raphael (1995). Souls and Secrets: Hasidic stories. Northvale, N.J.: J. Aronson.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Brauer, Erich; Patai, Raphael (1993). The Jews of Kurdistan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Goldziher, Ignác; Patai, Raphael (1987). Ignaz Goldziher and his Oriental diary: A translation and psychological portrait. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Graves, Robert; Patai, Raphael (1983). Hebrew myths: The book of Genesis. New York: Greenwich House.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patai, Raphael; Rosow, Eugene; Kleiman, Vivian (1981) [1980]. The vanished worlds of Jewry. London and New York: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patai, Raphael; Patai, Jennifer (1975). The Myth of the Jewish race. New York: Scribner.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patai, Raphael; Utley, Francis Lee; Noy, Dov (1973). Studies in Biblical and Jewish folklore. New York: Haskell House Publishers.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Autobiography

  • Patai, Raphael (2000). Journeyman in Jerusalem: Memories and Letters 1933-1947. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Secondary sources

  • Graves, Robert; Patai, Raphael (1964). Hebrew myths: The Book of Genesis (1st ed.). Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sanua, Victor D. (1983). Fields of Offerings: Studies in honor of Raphael Patai. Rutherford N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

See also

References

  1. Dan Ben-Amos (1997). "Obituary: Raphael Patai (1910-1996)". The Journal of American Folklore. 110 (437 (Summer, 1997)): 314–316.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Marsha Rozenblit, Reconstructiong National Identity, Oxford, 2001, pp.31-32
  3. Patai, Raphael (2000). Journeyman in Jerusalem: Memories and Letters, 1933-1947. Lexington Books. p. 436. ISBN 0739102095.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "List of Bialik Prize recipients 1933-2004 (in Hebrew), Tel Aviv Municipality website" (PDF).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-300295.html

External links