Red River (Illinois)

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Red River
Origin Olio Township, Woodford County, Illinois
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Mouth Olio Township, Woodford County, Illinois
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Progression Red River → Panther Creek → Mackinaw → Illinois → Mississippi → Gulf of Mexico
Length 7.5 mi (12.1 km)
Mouth elevation 630 ft (190 m)
GNIS ID 416464

The Red River is a 7.5-mile-long (12.1 km)[1] tributary of Panther Creek in Woodford County, Illinois.[2] Its headwaters are located southeast of Eureka, and after draining several townships it flows into Panther Creek in Palestine Township. Soon afterwards, Panther Creek itself flows into the Mackinaw River near Congerville.[3] Via the Mackinaw River, the Red River of Illinois is part of the Illinois River and Mississippi River watershed.

The Red River's drainage pattern is an unusual example of a watercourse officially designated as a river flowing into and feeding a larger watercourse that is officially designated as a creek. Usually the etymology flows the other way: smaller creeks feed larger rivers.

References

  1. U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed May 13, 2011
  2. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Red River
  3. Illinois Atlas and Gazetteer. Freeport, Maine: DeLorme Mapping. 1991. ISBN 0-89933-213-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>