Religion and business

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Religion and business have throughout history interacted in ways that relate to and affected one another, as well as influenced sociocultural evolution, political geographies, and labour laws.

Religious tourism

Some areas, countries or cities have an economy based on religious tourism. Examples include Islamic Hajj tourism and Vatican tourism. The hotels and markets of important religious places are a source of income to the locals.[1]

Pilgrimage sites

The boards or shines sometimes receive so much in donations that governments to take it under control for proper utilization of resources and management.[2] The annual revenues of most of the religious places are not regulated.[3]

Business ethics


Judaism outlines requirements of accurate weights and measurements in commerce, as well as prohibitions on monetary deception, verbal deception and misrepresentation.[4]

Food processing


Globally, halal products comprise a US$2 trillion industry.[5]


As of 2003, the kosher industry had certified more than 100,000 products, which total approximately US$165 billion in sales annually.[6]

Business law

United Kingdom

United Kingdom labour law prohibits employer discrimination based on religion, belief, or any lack thereof.[7]

United States

In the United States, labor laws including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibit businesses from discriminating against employees based on the basis of religion.[8][9] Business law is also at times applied to religious organizations, due to their status as incorporated entities.[10]

See also


  1. India's booming business of religion -
  2. Introduction
  3. The Business of Religion
  4. Scheinman, James (1995), "Jewish Business Ethics", The Evolution & Impact of Jewish Law, Regents of the University of California U.C. Davis Journal of International Law & Policy<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Bladd, Joanne; Claire Ferris-Lay (2010-09-09). "Planet Islamic: the $2trn battle for the halal market". Arabian Business. Retrieved 2011-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Shimoni, Giora. "10 Most Interesting Kosher Stats of 2006". Retrieved 2011-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Religion or Belief and the Workplace" (PDF). Acas. Retrieved 2011-05-18. From 2 December 2003, when the Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations came into force, it became unlawful to discriminate against workers because of religion or similar belief.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Foltin, Richard T.; James D. Standish (2004). "Reconciling Faith and Livelihood". Human Rights Magazine (Summer 2004). Retrieved 2011-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Steinberger, Jeffrey (2007-09-19). "Religion and the Workplace". Entrepreneur. Retrieved 2011-05-18. Under Title VII, an employer can't refuse to reasonably accommodate an employee's religious observances, unless accommodation would constitute an "undue hardship" for the business.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Sternal, Patrick (July–August 2009). "Current Legal Issues Facing Religious Organizations". Business Law Today. 18 (6). Retrieved 2011-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Larkin, Geraldine A.; Larkin, Geri (1991-03-01). Building a Business the Buddhist Way. Celestial Arts. ISBN 978-0-89087-888-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gambling, Trevor; Abdel Karim, Rifaat Ahmed (1991-05-01). Business and accounting ethics in Islam. London and New York: Mansell. ISBN 978-0-7201-2074-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Lundén, Rolf (1988). Business and Religion in the American 1920s. New York, New York: Greenwood Press. Retrieved 2011-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Chewning, Richard C. (1990-09-14). Business Through the Eyes of Faith. HarperOne. ISBN 978-0-06-061350-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Edward J. Trunfio, eds. (1991). Christianity in Business: A Collection of Essays on Pedagogy and Practice. Christian Business Faculty Association. ISBN 978-0-9627504-1-0.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Solomon, Lewis (2004-04-22). Evangelical Christian Executives: A New Model for Business Corporations. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7658-0230-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hill, Alexander (2008-01-10). Just Business: Christian Ethics for the Marketplace. IVP Academic. ISBN 978-0-8308-2676-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links