Republic Airlines

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Republic Airlines
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1998
Hubs As American Eagle:

As United Express

Frequent-flyer program AAdvantage (American Airlines)
MileagePlus (United)
Alliance Oneworld (American Airlines)
Star Alliance (United)
Fleet size 151
Parent company Republic Airways Holdings
Headquarters Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Key people Bryan Bedford (CEO)

Republic Airlines Inc., operating as Republic Airlines (IATA: YXICAO: RPACall sign: BRICKYARD)[1][2] is a regional airline subsidiary of Republic Airways Holdings that operates service as American Eagle and United Express using a fleet of Bombardier Q400NextGen, Embraer 170 and Embraer 175. It is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.[3]


Republic Airways Holdings incorporated a new subsidiary, "Republic Airline, Inc." (sic), in 1999,[4] but the subsidiary had no activity prior to 2004 and no ability to operate aircraft prior to 2005. In 2004 the holding company activated Republic Airline in reaction to a pilots' suit against American Airlines.

American had awarded the flying of 44-seat regional jets to Chautauqua Airlines, then the main operating subsidiary of Republic Airways Holdings. However, Chautauqua later started to operate 70-seat regional jets on behalf of another major airline, and this caused American to be in violation of its pilot union scope clause, which prevented another airline from operating on behalf of American if that airline was operating jet aircraft of more than 50 seats, even if such aircraft were operating on behalf of a carrier other than American. To repair the situation, Republic Airways Holdings activated Republic Airline, and upon Part 121 certification in 2005 [5] allowing Republic Airlines to operate commercial service. Republic Airways Holdings then transferred the offending 70-seat regional jets from Chautauqua to Republic Airlines. American was thereby no longer in violation of its pilot union scope clause. Republic Airways Holdings paid US$6.6 million to the pilot union of American Airlines to settle this issue.[6]

US Airways' pilots had a scope clause prohibiting the airline from operating large regional jets such as the Embraer 170. The airline negotiated around this clause by offering flight deck jobs to laid-off US Airways pilots, in a program known as "Jets for Jobs." This agreement created a subsidiary, MidAtlantic Airways. As part of US Airways' bankruptcy restructuring, the 25 Embraer 170s delivered to MidAtlantic were bought by Republic to help US Airways to come out of bankruptcy, which operates them along with additional newly delivered aircraft on order under a conventional Express carrier contract.

In 2007, Frontier Airlines signed an 11-year service agreement with Republic Airlines. Under the agreement, Republic would operate 17 Embraer 170 aircraft for the Frontier Airlines operations. The first aircraft was placed into service in March 2007, and the last aircraft was expected to be placed into service by December 2008. On April 23, 2008, Republic Airways Holdings (parent of Republic Airlines) terminated its service agreement with Frontier Airlines, which entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy in early April 2008. Subsequently, Republic Air Holdings purchased Frontier Airlines in bankruptcy. Frontier branded Republic Airlines E-190 aircraft provided regional capacity support. In September 2013, Republic Airways Holdings sold Frontier Airlines. As part of the sale, Republic Airlines terminated the Frontier branded E-190 flying.

On February 1, 2008, Republic Airlines opened a base at Port Columbus International Airport in Columbus Ohio.

On September 3, 2008, Republic signed a new 10 year codeshare agreement with Midwest Airlines. The aircraft would be based at Kansas City International Airport beginning October 1, 2008. Twelve aircraft would be placed in service with Midwest. On June 23, 2009, Republic announced it would acquire Midwest Airlines for $31 million.:[7]

In January 2013, Republic Airways Holdings reached a capacity purchase agreement with American Airlines to operate Embraer E175 airplanes under the American Eagle brand beginning in mid-2013.[8] Republic began service as an American Eagle affiliate on August 1, 2013 from Chicago to New Orleans, Pittsburgh, and Albuquerque.[9]


As of July 2015, the Republic Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[10]

Aircraft Active Stored Orders Options Passengers Operated For Notes
F Y+ Y Total
Embraer E-170 25 9 60 69 (20) American Eagle 3 aircraft leased to Aeroméxico Connect
6 64 70 (2) Shuttle America
Embraer E-175 38 2 8 72 80 American Eagle
50 12 20 44 76 Deliveries through Q1 2015
Embraer E-190 0 104 104 5 aircraft used for Caesars Entertainment charters
5 190's leased to Aeroméxico Connect
Bombardier Dash 8
25 1 4 70 74[11] United Express Will be retired by September 2016
7 10 54 71[12]
Total 145 3 3 40  
A Republic Airlines Embraer 175 operating for American Eagle landing at Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey.

The Embraer 175 made its United States domestic debut when the first aircraft was delivered to Republic Airlines in March 2007. Total orders were for 36 aircraft, which were operated in an 80-seat configuration under the US Airways Express brand name.[13]

In July 2010, Republic ordered a further 24 Embraer 190 aircraft.[14]

In May 2012, Republic Airlines agreed to fly the 28 Bombardier Q400s for United Express that bankrupt Pinnacle Airlines planned to return to its lessors.[15]

Republic Airways Holdings signed a three-year contract in October 2012 with Caesars Entertainment Corporation where its Republic Airlines subsidiary would operate five Embraer E190 aircraft to provide more than 1,500 charter flights annually for Caesars. Service began in January 2013. This contract ended in Aug. 2015 and all E190 aircraft were sold or returned to the lease holders.[16]

In January 2013, Republic Airways Holdings reached a capacity purchase agreement with American Airlines to operate 47 Embraer E175 airplanes under the American Eagle brand beginning in mid-2013. The regional jets would be deployed out of American's Chicago hub. In addition, Republic would have options to purchase an additional 47 Embraer aircraft beginning in 2015.[8] Republic took first delivery of the E175 jets in July 2013 and service began August 1, 2013 from Chicago to New Orleans, Pittsburgh and Albuquerque.[9] Republic began using Miami as an American Eagle hub in October 2014 and in New York-JFK in May 2015.[17]

Crew bases

As of Dec. 28, 2015, Republic Airlines uses the following airports as crew member domiciles:


Embraer 170 of Republic Airlines in the parent company's common Republic Airways aircraft livery

As of October 2015

For American Eagle

Destinations in United States

Destinations in Canada

Destinations for United


For United

Destinations in Canada


  1. FAA JO7340.2D
  2. "Republic Airlines on ch-aviation". ch-aviation.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Contact Us." Republic Airways Holdings. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  4. "Republic Airways Holdings Form 10-K for Year Ended December 31, 2004". Retrieved 2013-08-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Exhibit99.1 Republic Airlines Certification". Retrieved 2013-08-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Republic Airways Continues Attack On Pilots Group With Sham Furloughs". 2011-09-08. Retrieved 2013-08-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Republic Airways to acquire Midwest Airlines". The Business Journal. 2009-06-23. Retrieved 2013-08-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Republic Airways to operate large regional jets for American Airlines". 2013-01-24. Retrieved 2013-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 "American Airlines Unveils Embraer 175 Regional Jet Design". 2013-07-31. Retrieved 2013-08-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Republic Airlines". Retrieved 5 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "United Airlines Bombardier Q400 V3". Retrieved 2012-11-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Seat map for flight UA3874 between DEN and FSD on 4/24/2013". Retrieved 2013-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Flight International 13–19 March 2007
  14. "FARNBOROUGH: Republic signs for 24 more Embraer 190s". 2010-07-21. Retrieved 2010-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Republic Agrees To Take Over Q400 Flying for Pinnacle". 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2013-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Republic Airways, Caesars Entertainment Sign Three-Year Flight Agreement". 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2013-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Republic Airlines To Start Flying E-175 Out Of Miami For American Airlines October 2". Airchive.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links