Republican Party of Virginia

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Republican Party of Virginia
Chairman John Whitbeck
House leadership William Howell (Speaker)
Kirk Cox (Majority leader)
Tim Hugo (Caucus leader)
Senate leadership Walter Stosch (President pro tempore)
Thomas Norment (Majority Leader)
Founded 1854 (1854)
Headquarters Obenshain Center
115 E. Grace St.
Richmond, Virginia 23219
Ideology Conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Social conservatism
National affiliation Republican Party
Unofficial colors Red
Seats in the US Senate
0 / 2
Seats in the US House
8 / 11
Seats in the VA Senate
21 / 40
Seats in the VA House
67 / 100
VA statewide offices held
0 / 3

The Republican Party of Virginia (RPV) is the Virginia chapter of the Republican Party. It is based in the Richard D. Obenshain Center in Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia.[1] Although the party used to be strong in northern Virginia, it now gains the most support from rural areas.

Current elected officials

The Republican Party of Virginia holds majorities in the Virginia House of Delegates and Senate, and eight of the eleven U.S. House seats are held by Republicans.

Members of Congress

U.S. House of Representatives


Current leadership

Liam McNabola is the current Chairman of the Republican Party of Virginia. He was appointed interim Chairman in a meeting of the State Central Committee on May 3, 2009, and elected to a full term as chairman at the State Convention on May 30, 2009. On November 5, 2014, McNabola announced his retirement.[2]

The current executive director is Shaun Kenney, who was appointed by McNabola on April 2, 2014.[3]

Past leadership (2004-2009)

Kate Obenshain Griffin of Winchester became the party's chairman in 2004. Following Senator George Allen's unsuccessful 2006 reelection bid, Griffin submitted her resignation as Chairman effective November 15, 2006. Her brother, Mark Obenshain, is a State Senator from Harrisonburg in the Virginia General Assembly. Both are the children of the late Richard D. Obenshain.

Ed Gillespie was elected as the new Chairman of the RPV on December 2, 2006. He resigned on June 13, 2007 to become the counselor to President George W. Bush. Mike Thomas served as interim chairman until July 21 when former Lieutenant Governor of Virginia John H. Hager was elected chairman. On April 9, 2007 the RPV named Fred Malek to serve as the Finance Chairman and Lisa Gable to serve as the Finance Committee Co-Chair.[4]

On May 31, 2008, Hager was defeated in his bid for re-election at a statewide GOP convention by a strongly conservative member of the House of Delegates, Jeff Frederick of Prince William County. Frederick, who was then 32 years old, was the 5th party chairman in 5 years. The following year, Frederick was removed from the position by RPV's State Central Committee,[5][6] with the backing of most the senior GOP establishment. Many argued that Frederick's election and later removal was a war within the party between insiders and outsiders[7] (or grassroots versus establishment[8]). After his removal, Frederick considered seeking the chairman job again at the party's 2009 convention, but later declined.[9][10] On May 30, 2009, the State Convention selected former Fairfax party chairman and current Louisa chairman Pat Mullins to serve as party chair over Bill Stanley, the Frankin County party chairman. Many of Frederick's supporters supported Stanley in that race.[11] Frederick went on to win the Republican nomination for the 36th District state Senate seat in the 2011 election in the primary on August 23, 2011.[12]

Organization and Candidate Selection

The State Party Plan[13] specifies the organization of the state party and how candidates will be selected. The 79-member State Central Committee sets the policy and plans for the party between larger State Conventions, which gather at least once every four years.

Candidates for elective office can be selected by (1) mass meetings, (2) party canvasses, (3) conventions, or (4) primaries. A mass meeting consists of a meeting where any participants must remain until votes are taken at the end. A party canvass or "firehouse primary" allows participants to arrive anytime during announced polling hours, cast a secret ballot, and then leave. A convention includes a process for selecting delegates, and then only the delegates may vote. Mass meetings, party canvasses and conventions are conducted by party officials and volunteers. Primaries are administered by the State Board of Elections at all established polling places. Because Virginia does not have party registrations, participation in primaries are open to any register voter regardless of party. However, on June 15, 2006, the Plan was amended to redefine a primary:

"Primary" is as defined in and subject to the Election Laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia, except to the extent that any provisions of such laws conflict with this Plan, infringe the right to freedom of association, or are otherwise invalid.

At the same time, the Plan was amended to require participants in any of the candidate selection methods to "express in open meeting either orally or in writing as may be required their intent to support all [Republican] nominees for public office in the ensuing election".

The candidate selection process has been criticized as favoring "party insiders" and disfavoring moderate candidates. For example, both Jim Gilmore and the more moderate Thomas M. Davis were seeking the 2008 Republican candidate for U.S. Senate. However, two weeks following the decision that the candidate will be selected at a convention instead of a primary,[14] Davis announced that he would not seek the nomination.

Open primary litigation

Virginia does not provide for voters to register by party. Virginia law requires "open" primaries that are not restricted based on party registration:

All persons qualified to vote... may vote at the primary. No person shall vote for the candidates of more than one party.[15]

In 2004, the Republican Party amended the State Party Plan to attempt to restrict participation in primaries to exclude voters who had voted in a Democratic primary after March 1, 2004, or in the last five years, whichever is more recent. In August 2004, Stephen Martin, an incumbent State Senator, designated that the Republican candidate for his seat in the November 2007 election should be selected by primary. The Republicans then sued the State Board of Elections demanding a closed primary be held, with taxpayer funding of a mechanism to exclude voters who had participated in past Democratic primaries.[16]

The Federal District Court dismissed the suit on standing and ripeness grounds. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit reversed and sent the case back for a trial on its merits. The District Court then ruled that the rule forcing a party to accept the choice of its incumbent office holder of an open primary was unconstitutional. The state could continue to hold open primaries if a party opted for a primary instead of a mass meeting, party canvass, or convention to choose its nominees.[17] On October 1, 2007, the Fourth Circuit affirmed this holding, which largely left Virginia's primary system intact, striking down only the rule allowing an incumbent officeholder to choose an open primary over the objection of his or her party.[18]

The Republican State Central Committee dropped plans to require voters to sign a loyalty oath before voting in the February 2008 Presidential Primary. The party had proposed to require each voter to sign a pledge stating "I, the undersigned, pledge that I intend to support the nominee of the Republican Party for President." However, there was no way to enforce the pledge, and the proposal caused vocal public opposition.[19]

At a March 20, 2014 mass meeting, John Ferguson defeated Leslie Williams to become Chair of the Campbell County Republican Committee. Williams unsuccessfully challenged the meeting before the county committee and the Fifth Congressional District Republican Committee. However, the State Central Committee overturned the vote on the grounds that school teachers and public employees participated in the meeting and that they must have been Democrats. In response, Ferguson and the other party officials that were elected filed a lawsuit to block a new mass meeting to fill the seats.[20]

Richard D. Obenshain Center

The party headquarters building is named the Richard D. Obenshain Center in memory of Richard D. Obenshain (1936–1978), the State Party Chairman who beginning in 1972, helped lead the party's renaissance in Virginia following 95 years of virtual control by the State's Democratic Party (since Reconstruction except when William Mahone and the Readjuster Party coalition dominated affairs for a few years).

In 1978, "Dick" Obenshain had won the party's nomination to run for the U.S. Senate to replace retiring Senator William Scott when the 42-year-old candidate and two others were killed in an airplane crash of a twin engine aircraft on August 2, 1978 while attempting a night landing at the Chesterfield County Airport. They had been returning to Richmond from a campaign appearance.

Policy positions

While Virginia Republicans take positions on a wide variety of issues, some of the noteworthy ones include:

  • Health care: House Republicans have rejected various proposals to accept federal funds to expand Medicaid coverage to serve low-income Virginians, in both the regular and a 2014 special session of the legislature.[21] The Party challenged the federal requirement that all adults have health insurance.[22] The Republican-controlled House of Delegates approved a bill to drop the requirement that sixth grade girls be vaccinated against HPV.[23]
  • Religion: The Party creed states, "That faith in God, as recognized by our Founding Fathers, is essential to the moral fiber of the Nation."[24]
  • Immigration: Offered legislation to limit government services, such as in-state tuition at state colleges, to undocumented residents. State and local law enforcement should cooperate in enforcing immigration laws.[25][26][27]
  • Transportation: Opposed funding transportation needs through increases in taxes and/or fees, offered abusive driver fees as an alternative revenue source; seeks to fund projects through bonds which will be funded from future general funds.[28][29] The Republican leadership has announced that it will resist any new taxes during the special session called for June 23, 2008 to fund transportation needs. In May 2010, Virginia applied to the Federal Highway Administration to erect tollbooths on I-95 near the North Carolina border to help finance road maintenance.[30]
  • Pre-Kindergarten education: Opposed Governor Kaine's initiative to fund pre-kindergarten education.[31]
  • Handgun control: Expanded the rights to carry concealed handguns and eased the process for issuing concealed weapon permits;[32] oppose background checks for weapons purchased at gun shows.[33]
  • Judiciary: Blocked judicial appointments in the 2007 legislative session.[34]
  • Voting rights: Defeated "early voting proposals" to allow voters to vote in-person at the County Registrars 45-days before election day[35]
  • Tobacco: Defeated measures to restrict smoking rights or raise the tax on cigarettes.[33]
  • Arts and culture: The Republican 2010 budget proposal sought to end long-standing state funding of the arts and defunded the Virginia Commission for the Arts. After a conference with the Virginia Senate, the final budget cut the Commission to 16% below its 2009 levels.[36]
  • Offshore drilling: Supports drilling for oil and gas in federal waters 50 miles off the Virginia coast.
  • Public employee pensions: The approved 2010 budget delays payments to the pension fund, effectively borrowing $620 million from the fund while promising to start repaying in 2013 with 7.5% interest. The budget also increases the retirement age for new hires, and recalculates benefits for new hires. New hires will also have to pay a 5% contribution to the pension. However, the state will continue to pay for employee contributions for current employees.[37] A separate bill, HB 610 sponsored by Harry R. Purkey (R), would have placed all new hires on a defined contribution pension plan.[38]
  • Same-sex marriage: Advocated and successfully passed a 2006 amendment to the Virginia Constitution to prohibit same-sex marriage.[39][40] Unsuccessfully fought legal challenges that overturned that prohibition.[41][42]
  • Unemployment benefits: In a special session of the legislature held on April 8, 2009, to consider extending unemployment benefits in order to implement the federal stimulus package, the Republicans voted along party lines, 53 to 46 in the House of Delegates to defeat the proposal.[43] Two Republican delegates from high unemployment districts voted in favor of Kaine's proposal.
  • Discrimination: Since 1978, each Governor issues an executive order barring discrimination in the state workforce shortly after their inaugurations. The executive orders issued by Governors Warner and Kaine barred discrimination based on 'sexual orientation." However, McDonnell refused to issue such an order for his administration.[44] On March 10, 2010, in response to public criticism after Attorney General Kenneth T. Cuccinelli wrote an opinion letter invalidating state college policies against employment discrimination, Governor McDonnell issued a directive prohibiting discrimination in the state workforce, including on the basis of sexual orientation.[45] Unlike the prior executive orders, McDonnell's directive does not have the force of law.
  • Environment: On February 16, 2010, Attorney General Kenneth T. Cuccinelli II filed at the United States Environmental Protection Agency a request to reopen its proceeding regarding EPA's finding that greenhouse gases endanger public health. He also sought judicial review of EPA's finding in federal court. As a result, Virginia joins Texas as the only states seeking to attack the EPA's actions. His press statement explained, "We cannot allow unelected bureaucrats with political agendas to use falsified data to regulate American industry and drive our economy into the ground."[46]
  • Confederate History Month: Governor Robert McDonnell issued a proclamation designating April 2010 as "Confederate History Month" following similar designations by two of his Republican predecessors, George Allen and James S. Gilmore. However, the last two governors, who were Democrats, did not designate such a month. Unlike Gilmore's proclamation, which included anti-slavery language, McDonnell left out any mention of slavery, drawing condemnation by the Virginia Legislative Black Caucus and the NAACP.[47]
  • Nullification of federal legislation: On September 16, 2010, Bill Howell (R-Stafford), Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, wrote an online Wall Street Journal editorial advocating an amendment to the United States Constitution to give state legislatures the power to repeal federal legislation. Under the proposal, if two-thirds of the state legislatures agree, any federal law enacted by Congress and the President would be nullified or amended. Howell announced that he will introduce legislation in the 2011 General Assembly to advocate such an amendment.[48][49] The Republicans advocated in favor of the amendment during the 2011 session.[50]

Recent elections

2008 elections

Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama won Virginia's 13 electoral votes in the 2008 presidential election, taking 1.96 million votes (52.6%) to Republican nominee John McCain's 1.73 million votes (46.3%).[51][52] Democrat Mark Warner soundly defeated Republican Jim Gilmore in Virginia's U.S. Senate race by a margin of 65%-34%.[53] In the House elections, two Republican incumbents, Virgil Goode and Thelma Drake, were unseated, with Goode losing to Democrat Tom Perriello by just 727 votes.[54][55] Democrat Gerry Connolly took the open seat held by the retiring Republican Tom Davis.[56] As a result of the 2008 elections, Democrats took control of both the state's U.S. Senate seats and the state's House delegation.[55]

2009 elections

Special elections

The Republican Party sought to reverse its November 2008 losses in a series of special elections which historically draw low voter turnout. In the January 13 special election to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Delegate Brian Moran to run for Governor, Democrat Charniele Herring became the first African-American woman from Northern Virginia to be elected to the House of Delegates, defeating Republican candidate Joe Murray by 16 votes.[57] She was seated on Jan. 26, following repeated efforts by the Republican caucus to delay her seating until a recount could be completed.[58]

Because Gerry Connolly was elected to Congress from the 11th District, a special election was held on February 3 to fill his seat as Chairman of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors. In that election, about 16% of the registered voters participated, and Democrat Sharon Bulova defeated Republican Pat Herrity by 1,206 votes. Anthony Bedell, chairman of the Fairfax County Republican Party told the Washington Post, "In November, we got our clocks cleaned. Three months later, even in a special this was a squeaker. That's good news for Republicans."[59]

Another special election was held to fill Bulova's Braddock District board seat on March 10.[59] Republican John Cook won the seat by 89 votes.[60]

Statewide elections

Virginia and New Jersey were the only states to hold statewide elections in 2009. The Republicans selected their candidates at a State Convention held on May 29–30, 2009 in Richmond. Former Attorney General of Virginia Bob McDonnell was nominated for Governor. "His candidacy is part of a Republican renaissance that starts this year in Virginia," said Michael Steele chair of the Republican National Committee.[11] Incumbent Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling, who declined to run for governor to avoid a primary fight with McDonnell, defeated Patrick Muldoon for the Lieutenant Governor nomination.[11][61] State Senator Ken Cuccinelli, who the Washington Post described as "one of the most conservative members of the General Assembly," defeated John Brownlee and David M. Foster for the Attorney General nomination.[11]

All three candidates won handily in the November elections, in a victory for Republicans that was seen as a rebuke of the Democratic Party's policies in the White House and Congress.[62]

House of Delegates elections

All 100 House seats were up for election in 2009. Republicans took nine seats held by Democrats while just one Democrat took a seat held by a Republican, for a net gain of eight seats and a 59-seat majority.

2010 elections

Special elections

On January 12, 2010, in a special election for the 37th State Senate district, Democrat Dave W. Marsden beat Republican Steve M. Hunt by a 327-vote margin.[63] In the 8th State Senate district, Republican Jeff L. McWaters beat Democrat William W. "Bill" Fleming by a vote of 78-21%.[64] On March 2, 2010, Democrat Eileen Filler-Corn was elected to fill Marsden's Delegate seat by 37 votes, out of 11,528 cast. Because the vote margin was within 0.5%, the state will pay for a recount.[65][66] She was sworn in on March 3, 2010 after her opponent dropped his plans to request a recount.[67]

Congressional elections

All of the state's 11 U.S. House seats were up for election in 2010 (neither U.S. Senate seat was up for election). Republicans picked up three seats held by Democrats. Auto dealer Scott Rigell defeated freshman Democratic incumbent Glenn Nye 53%-42% in the 2nd District.[68][69] Attorney Robert Hurt defeated freshman Democratic incumbent Tom Perriello 51%-47% in the 5th District.[69][70] And House of Delegates Majority Leader Morgan Griffith defeated 28-year Democratic incumbent Rick Boucher 51%-46% in the 9th District.[69][71] With the election, Republicans now hold 8 of Virginia's 11 House seats.

After Republicans took control of the U.S. House in the elections, Virginia Republican Eric Cantor of the 7th District was elected House Majority Leader.[72]

2011 elections

On November 8, 2011, Republicans got control of the State Senate with Lt. Gov. Bill Bolling as the tie breaking vote and increased their majority in the State House to a 68-seat vote margin making it the Republican Party's largest majority in history. It was the second time since the Reconstruction Era that the Republican Party simultaneously had a majority in the State House, a majority in the State Senate, and a sitting governor.

See also


  1. "Contact the Republican Party of Virginia." Republican Party of Virginia. Retrieved on May 13, 2010.
  2. Portnoy, Jenna. "Virginia GOP chairman announces retirement, applauds party for its big wins". Retrieved 5 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Chairman McNabola Appoints Shaun Kenney RPV Executive Director 4/2/14
  4. "RPV Announces New Finance Chairman". Press Releases. Republican Party of Virginia. 9 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Craig, Tim (2009-03-17). "Frederick Fights Back". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-04-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Kumar, Anita (2009-04-04). "Virginia GOP Ousts Controversial Chairman". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-04-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Freddoso, David (2009-04-07). "Not Their Chairman". National Review.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Craig, Tim (2009-03-19). "GOP 'Grass Roots' at Center of Turf Battle". The Washington Post.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Kumar, Anita (2009-05-04). "Frederick Declines to Run for GOP Leader". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-05-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Frederick, Jeff (2009-05-04). "My decision".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Kumar, Anita (May 31, 2009). "McDonnell Officially Accepts GOP Nomination". Washington Post. p. C1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Hager,, John H.; John Padgett; Charles E. Judd (October 2007). "The Plan of Organization of the Republican Party of Virginia" (PDF). Republican Party of Virginia. Retrieved 2007-12-20.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Va. GOP decision favors Gilmore". 13 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  15. "§ 24.2-530: Who may vote in primary". Code of Virginia. Virginia General Assembly Legislation Information System. Retrieved 2007-12-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Hudson, Henry E.; Duncan, Widener Wilkins (1 October 2007). "Miller v. Brown, No. 06-2334, pages 4-5" (PDF). U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. Retrieved 2007-12-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Hudson, Henry E.; Duncan, Widener Wilkins (1 October 2007). "Miller v. Brown, No. 06-2334, page 6" (PDF). U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. Retrieved 2007-12-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Hudson, Henry E.; Duncan, Widener Wilkins (1 October 2007). "Miller v. Brown, No. 06-2334, page 18" (PDF). U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit. Retrieved 2007-12-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Craig, Tim (1 December 2007). "Va. GOP Abandons Loyalty Pledge". Washington Post. p. B01. Retrieved 2007-12-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "County GOP files lawsuit". Altavista Journal. October 8, 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Virginia Republicans Broke Into Governor's Office To Block State's Medicaid Expansion". Huffington Post. June 26, 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Virginia Attorney General to file suit against federal government over passage of health care bill". Retrieved 2010-03-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Rosalind Helderman and Frederick Kunkle (January 22, 2010). "Va. House passes bill to end HPV mandate". Washington Post. p. A1.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. About the Republican Party of Virginia | Republican Party of Virginia
  25. "Retrieved 2008-03-20". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Retrieved 2008-03-20". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. "Retrieved 2008-03-20". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Howell, William J. (March 12, 2008). "Statement of House Speaker -- Regarding Successful Conclusion of Budget Negotiations on House Bill 30" (Microsoft Word). Retrieved 2009-01-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Howell Stmt at End of Session 2008 Microsoft Word. Retrieved 2008-03-20.
  30. "Governor Files Application to Toll Interstate 95 Near North Carolina Border". Governor's Office. 2010-05-10. Retrieved 2010-05-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Nuckols, Christina (16 August 2008). "Governor's pre-K plan boils down to money". The Virginia Pilot. Retrieved 2008-03-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. McCaffery, Jen (10 March 2008). "Virginia Tech-inspired bills yield few gun law changes". The Virginia Pilot. Retrieved 2008-03-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. 33.0 33.1 Kumar, Anita; Tim Craig (2009-02-04). "Va. Still Holds Guns, Tobacco Dear". Washington Post. p. B1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. Walker, Julian (3 March 2008). "Time is running out for judicial appointments". The Virginia Pilot. Retrieved 2008-03-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. Kumar, Anita (Jan 20, 2009). "Delegates Toss Early Voting, Redistricting Bills". Washington Post. p. B2. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. "Budget Update". Retrieved 2010-04-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  37. "Assessment of Threats to Public Defined Benefit Pensions". CWA. May 21, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. "LIS Bill Tracking HB610". Retrieved 2010-06-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. "Gay Marriage Amendment Passes in Virginia". Fox News. November 7, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  40. VIRGINIA An Act to provide for the submission to the voters of a proposed amendment to Article I of the 3 Constitution of Virginia by adding a section numbered 15-A, relating to marriage.
  41. October 6 2014 - Statement of the Attorney General of Virginia
  42. "Same-sex marriage now legal in Virginia". Retrieved October 6, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  43. Kumar, Anita (April 9, 2009). "Assembly Rejects $125 Million for Expanded Jobless Benefits". Washington Post. p. B5. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  44. Helderman, Rosalind (February 1, 2010). "McDonnell yet to issue anti-bias statement". Washington Post. p. B1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  45. Helderman, Rosalind (March 11, 2010). "Va. governor says gay rights are protected". Washington Post. p. B1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  46. "Cuccinelli Petitions EPA and Files for Judicial Review" (Press release). 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2010-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  47. Anita Kumar and Rosalind Helderman (April 7, 2010). "McDonnell revives sotre over VA.'s Confederate past". Washington Post. p. A1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  48. Helderman, Rosalind (September 16, 2010). "Howell says General Assembly will consider federal 'repeal amendment'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-09-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  49. Barnett, Randy E.; Howell, William J. (2010-09-16). "The Case for a 'Repeal Amendment'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-09-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  50. Anita Kumar and Rosalind S. Helderman (January 12, 2011). "McDonnell proposal would privatize Va. liquor stores". Washington Post. p. B1.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  52. "Obama wins Virginia for first time in 44 years, reports say". 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  53. Kumar, Anita (2008-11-05). "Warner Rolls Past His Fellow Former Governor". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  55. 55.0 55.1 Kumar, Anita (2008-11-25). "It's Official: Va. Democrats Gain in U.S. House". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  56. Gardner, Amy (2008-11-05). "Connolly Takes Open Seat; Wolf and Moran Reelected Easily". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  57. Tim Craig and Anita Kumar (Jan 20, 2009). "Despite Pledge, Va. Legislators Bickering". Washington Post. p. B1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  58. Lewis, Bob (Jan 26, 2009). "Northern Va.'s First Female Black State Delegate Seated". NBC News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  59. 59.0 59.1 Somashekhar, Sandhya. "Close Loss Cheers Republicans". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  60. Somashekhar, Sandhya (2009-03-12). "Republican Wins Close Fairfax Race in Delayed Count". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  61. Retrieved 05-04-2009 Archived March 12, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  62. "Republicans Win Governor's Races in New Jersey, Virginia". 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  63. "2010 January Special - SOV 37 Unofficial Results". Retrieved 2010-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  64. "2010 January Special - SOV 8 Unofficial Results". Retrieved 2010-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  65. "Dems win VA Special Election". 2010-03-02. Retrieved 2010-03-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  66. "March 2010 House of Delegates Special Election Unofficial Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 2010-03-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  67. "Filler-Corn sworn in to Va. House Seat". Washington Post. March 4, 2010. p. B2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  68. Bartel, Bill (2010-11-03). "Rigell reclaims U.S. House seat for GOP with win over Nye". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  69. 69.0 69.1 69.2
  70. "Hurt wins Fifth District seat". 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  71. Taylor, Tarah (2010-11-03). "Morgan Griffith Wins 9th Congressional Seat". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  72. Hooper, Molly K. "Cantor elected next House Majority Leader". Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links