Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran
|Crown Prince of Iran|
|Head of the House of Pahlavi|
|Tenure||27 July 1980 – present|
|Predecessor||Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|
|Heir presumptive||Patrick Ali Pahlavi|
31 October 1960 |
|House||House of Pahlavi|
|Father||Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|
Reza Pahlavi (Persian: رضا پهلوی, born 31 October 1960) is the last crown prince of Persia, the former Imperial State of Iran and current head of the House of Pahlavi. He is the older son of the late Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi. A resident of the United States, he is the heir to the former Persian throne. Reza Pahlavi is the founder and leader of National Council of Iran, a government in exile of Iran. As Crown Prince of Iran, Reza Pahlavi left Iran at the age of 17 for air force training, two years before the Iranian Revolution. Reza Pahlavi enjoys immense popularity with Iranian expatriates and some of his own countrymen in Iran. According to Afshin Ellian, an Iranian-born philosopher of law and expert in international law, “in Iran, there are two names known to virtually all, even in the most remote villages. The first name is Khamenei and the second one is Reza Pahlavi.” In 2011, Reza Pahlavi was named Iran's Person Of The Year by an online poll conducted by Radio Farda that included thousands of Iranian respondents inside and outside Iran. In November 2014, Reza Pahlavi founded his own television and radio network called OfoghIran.
Reza Pahlavi was born in Tehran, Iran, the eldest son of the Shah of Iran and Empress Farah Pahlavi. Reza Pahlavi's siblings include his sister Princess Farahnaz Pahlavi (born 12 March 1963), brother Prince Ali-Reza Pahlavi (28 April 1966 – 4 January 2011), and sister Princess Leila Pahlavi (27 March 1970 – 10 June 2001), as well as a half-sister, Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi (born 27 October 1941).
Accepted into the Imperial Iranian Air Force as a junior officer following secondary schooling, he left Iran in 1977 at the age of 17 for air force flight training in the United States. He spent a year at Williams College in the United States, but was forced to leave because of the turmoil in Iran. With the monarchy overthrown and an Islamic Republic established, Reza Pahlavi did not return to Iran.
Pahlavi successfully completed the United States Air Force's Undergraduate Pilot Training (UPT) Program at the former Reese Air Force Base in Lubbock, Texas. Shortly thereafter, at the start of the Iran–Iraq War, Reza Pahlavi, wrote to General Valiollah Fallahi, Chief Commander of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic, offering to fly and fight as a pilot for the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force. His offer was rebuffed.
Upon the death of his father on 27 July 1980, Reza Pahlavi became the Head of the House of Pahlavi.
Reza Pahlavi has written three books on the state of Iran.
Reza married Yasmine Etemad-Amini on 12 June 1986. Yasmine, a graduate of the George Washington University School of Law, worked for ten years as a lawyer for the Children’s Law Center as a legal advocate for at-risk youth. Yasmine also founded the Foundation for the Children of Iran in 1991, a non-profit foundation that provides health care services to Iranian children or children of Iranian origin.
In 2004, Reza Pahlavi was named as the "unofficial godfather" of Princess Louise of Belgium, the eighth granddaughter of King Albert II of Belgium. The decision to choose him was criticized by the Foreign Ministry of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Reza Pahlavi II has used his high profile as an Iranian abroad to campaign for human rights, democracy and unity among Iranians in and outside Iran. On his website he calls for a separation of religion and state in Iran and for free and fair elections "for all freedom-loving individuals and political ideologies". He exhorts all groups dedicated to a democratic agenda to work together for a democratic and secular Iranian government.
According to Reza Bayegan, Reza Pahlavi believes in the separation of religion from politics. However, he avoids the "Islam bashing" that Bayegan writes occurs in some circles of the Iranian opposition. Rather, he believes that religion has a humanizing and ethical role in shaping individual character and infusing society with greater purpose.
The People's Mujahedin of Iran's most important competitor among Iranian exiles is Reza Pahlavi. Massoud Rajavi, leader of Mujahedin , who once spoke against US then-president Bill Clinton for visiting Reza Pahlavi in a restaurant, asked Reza Pahlavi for his support. Massoud Rajavi directly asked Reza Pahlavi to help the People's Mujahedin of Iran for its removal from terror list of United States Department of State. The European Union, Canada and the United States formerly listed the MEK as a terrorist organization, but this designation has since been lifted, first by the Council of the European Union in 26 January 2009 (following what the group called a "seven-year-long legal and political battle"), then by a decision by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on 21 September 2012 and lastly by a decision by the Canadian government on 20 December 2012.
When interviewed about religion, Pahlavi said, "That’s a private matter; but if you must know, I am, of course, by education and by conviction, a Shiite Muslim. I am very much a man of faith." Iranian writer Reza Bayegan also notes that Prince Pahlavi is deeply attached to his Shi'ite Muslim faith. He has performed the Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca.
In February 2011, after violence erupted in Tehran, Reza Pahlavi II said that Iran’s youth were determined to get rid of an authoritarian government tainted by corruption and misrule in the hope of installing a democracy. "Fundamental and necessary change is long overdue for our region and we have a whole generation of young Egyptians and Iranians not willing to take no for an answer", he told the Daily Telegraph. "Democratisation is now an imperative that cannot be denied. It is only a matter of time before the whole region can transform itself."
Following in a line of Persian dynasties stretching back 3,000 years, the Pahlavi dynasty was founded early in the twentieth century. The 1979 revolution replaced the monarchy with an Islamic republic. Although he lives in exile, Reza Pahlavi II is regarded by some Iranians as the current Shahanshah of Iran. After the death of his father, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, he symbolically declared himself Shāhanshāh (literally King of Kings in Persian) at the age of 21. He remains crown prince according to the former Constitution of 1906, as he is required to take the oath in the Iranian Parliament first. His press releases refer to him as either "Reza Pahlavi" or "the former Crown Prince of Iran".
On his website, Reza Pahlavi has said that the state of Iran should become democratic and secular, and human rights should be respected. Whether the form of government would be that of a constitutional monarchy or a republic is something that he would like to leave up to the people of Iran.
Reza Pahlavi II is first in the line of succession to his late father, while his younger brother Ali-Reza Pahlavi II was second in line until his death in January 2011. His cousin Ali Patrick Pahlavi is now next in line to the throne.
Titles, styles and honours
Crown Prince Reza of Iran
|Reference style||His Imperial Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Imperial Highness|
Titles and styles
- His Imperial Highness The Crown Prince of Iran (1960–1979)
- His Imperial Highness Crown Prince Reza of Iran (pretender, 1979–1980)
- His Imperial Highness Reza Shah II of Iran (pretender, 1979–present)
- Reza Pahlavi, Head of the Imperial House of Pahlavi (commoner name, 1979–present)
- 60px Grand Collar of the Order of Pahlavi (26 September 1967, Iran)
- 60px Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi Coronation Medal (26 October 1967, Iran)
- 25th Centennial Anniversary Medal (14 October 1971, Iran)
- Persepolis Medal (15 October 1971, Iran)
- Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (24 November 1970, Sweden)
- 60px Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (15 December 1974, Italy)
- Knight Grand Collar of the Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic (19 April 1975, Spain)
- Knight Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (14 December 1976)
- Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (1976)
- 60px Member of the Royal Order of the Drum (Rwanda)
- Reza Pahlavi, IRAN: L’Heure du Choix [IRAN: The Deciding Hour] (Denoël, 2009)
- Reza Pahlavi, Winds of Change: The Future of Democracy in Iran, Regnery Publishing Inc., 2002, ISBN 0-89526-191-X.
- Reza Pahlavi, Gozashteh va Ayandeh, London: Kayham Publishing, 2000.
Business and legal issues
Reza Pahlavi is the owner of Medina Development Company. He and his company were engaged in a civil lawsuit against a family member in the 1990s culminating in a favorable judgment in May 1997.
|Ancestors of Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran|
- . Rezapahlavi.org. Retrieved on 2 January 2013.
- An Interview with Reza Pahlavi. Mideastnews.com. February 2002. Retrieved on 9 June 2012.
- The Roman Catholic Church, the Church of the child being baptized, does not accept non-Catholics as godparents, given the religious nature of the role, so Pahlavi's role was downgraded to unofficial, not formal.
- Prinz Reza Pahlavi über den Iran: "Dieses Regime ist äußerst anti-religiös". (interview with Reza Pahlavi, in Geman) Zenit.org (31 March 2010). Retrieved on 9 June 2012.
- Reza Pahlavi. The Challenge Of Implementing Democracy And Human Rights In Iran. The International Society Of Human Rights – Bonn, Germany, 27 March 2010. Rezapahlavi.com
- Reza Bayegan. "Reza Pahlavi and the Question of Religion". Payvand.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Runner, Philippa. "EU ministers drop Iran group from terror list". Euobserver. Retrieved 2012-09-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "EU removes PMOI from terrorist list". UPI. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-09-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- John, Mark (26 January 2009). "EU takes Iran opposition group off terror list". Reuters.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Shane, Scott (21 September 2012). "Iranian Dissidents Convince U.S. to Drop Terror Label". The New York Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Iran's Crown Prince calls on West to support anti-government protests. Telegraph. 16 February 2011. Retrieved on 9 June 2012.
- 'It is my duty' Rezapahlavi.org. 24 September 2010
- Iran's 1906 Constitution and Its Supplement, Rights of Members of the Assembly fis-iran.org
- April 2011 Q&A, Question 4 rezapahlavi.org
- December Q&A, Question 7 rezapahlavi.org
- "PALHAVI S.A.I. Abdolreza, Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana" (in Italian). Retrieved 16 October 2012. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 458. Retrieved 16 October 2012. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- IRAN l'heure du choix. Amazon.fr. ISBN 2207261034. Retrieved on 9 June 2012.
- Reza Pahlavi´s Web site. Rezapahlavi.org. Retrieved on 9 June 2012.
- Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Alexandria. Claude M. Hilton, District Judge. (CA-95-1423-A, BK-93-11245). uscourts.gov (1997)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reza Pahlavi.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Reza Pahlavi|
- Reza Pahlavi's Website
- Persian Prince Reza Pahlavi in front of International Criminal Court, The Hague (Video by Persian Dutch Network)
Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of IranBorn: 31 October 1960
|Titles in pretence|
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
|— TITULAR —
Shahanshah of Iran
Light of the Aryans
27 July 1980 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Monarchy abolished in 1979
Patrick Ali Pahlavi