Richard Robinson, 1st Baron Rokeby

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Lord Rokeby, Archbishop of Armagh.
File:Sir Joshua REYNOLDS, "Portrait de Richard Robinson, archevêque d’Armagh, futur baron de Rokeby et primat d’Irlande.JPG
Portrait de Richard Robinson, archevêque d'Armagh, futur baron de Rokeby et primat d'Irlande, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, PRA, in the Musée des Beaux-Arts-mairie de Bordeaux.

Richard Robinson, 1st Baron Rokeby (1708–died 1794) was an Irish ecclesiastic.

Robinson came to Ireland as chaplain to the Duke of Dorset in 1751. He was translated from the See of Kildare to the Archbishopric of Armagh in 1765.

In 1777 he was created Baron Rokeby, of Armagh in the Peerage of Ireland,[1] with special remainder to Matthew Robinson (1694–1778) of West Layton, in the North Riding of the county of Yorkshire, his second cousin, twice removed.

In 1774 he founded the County Infirmary. In 1780 he donated land for the erection of a new prison and in 1771 he founded the Armagh Public Library. In 1790 he founded the Armagh Observatory as part of his plan for a university in Armagh. He died on 10 October 1794. His cousin Matthew Robinson, a noted eccentric, inherited his titles.

Robert Walpole called Robinson 'a proud but superficial man'. John Wesley accused him of being more interested in buildings than in the care of souls.

Richard Cumberland described him as : splendid, liberal, lofty ... publicly ambitious of great deeds, and privately capable of good ones, ... he made no court to popularity by his manners but he benefited a whole nation by his public works.[2]

The Canterbury Gate, Christ Church College, Oxford, is one monument to his munificence. The gate is inscribed: MUNIFICENTIA ALUMNORUM PRAECIPUE RICARDI ROBINSON ARCHICEP. ARMAGH.

File:Christ Church, peckwater quadrangle 04.JPG
The Canterbury Gate, Christ Church, Oxford.

He died at Clifton, Bristol and was buried in Armagh Cathedral.

File:Rokeby Hall, near Dunleer, County Louth, Ireland.jpg
Robinson's Rokeby-Lodge (aka Hall), near Dunleer, County Louth, Ireland, by Cooley and Johnston.

External links


  1. The London Gazette: no. 11742. p. 1. 4 February 1777.
  2. Memoirs, volume 2, pps. 353-54, quoted from The Complete Peerage.

Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]

Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by
Mordecai Cary
Bishop of Killala and Achonry
Succeeded by
Samuel Hutchinson
Preceded by
Thomas Salmon
Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin
Succeeded by
Charles Jackson
Preceded by
Thomas Fletcher
Bishop of Kildare
Succeeded by
Charles Jackson
Preceded by
George Stone
Archbishop of Armagh
Succeeded by
William Newcome
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Robinson
Robinson baronets
(of Rokeby Park)
Succeeded by
Matthew Robinson
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Rokeby
Succeeded by
Matthew Robinson