Richard Wingfield, 1st Viscount Powerscourt (first creation)

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Richard Wingfield
Viscount Powerscourt
Spouse(s) Frances Rugge
Noble family Wingfield
Father Richard Wingfield
Mother Christian Fitzwilliam
Born c. 1550
Died 9 September 1634(1634-09-09) (aged 83–84)
Occupation Army officer and military administrator

Richard Wingfield, 1st Viscount Powerscourt, PC (c. 1550 – 9 September 1634)[1] was an English-born army officer and military administrator during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I.[1] He is notable for his defeat of Sir Cahir O'Doherty's forces at the 1608 Battle of Kilmacrennan during O'Doherty's Rebellion in Ireland.

Family

Sir Richard Wingfield was the son of Sir Richard Wingfield, Governor of Portsmouth, who was descended from an old Suffolk family, and Christian, daughter of Sir William Fitzwilliam of Milton, Castor, Northamptonshire, and sister of Sir William Fitzwilliam, Lord Deputy of Ireland.[1] He became the step-son of Sir George Delves, after his mother's remarriage.[2]

Early career

He came to Ireland as a military adventurer in the latter part of the 16th century and afterwards fought in Flanders, France and Portugal, gaining the military rank of Lieutenant Colonel.[3]

Returning to Ireland, Wingfield distinguished himself and was wounded in an expedition against Tyrone, and was knighted by the Lord Deputy, William Russell, in Christ Church Cathedral on 9 November 1595.[4][1] He served as a Colonel in the expedition against Calais, and in 1600 was advanced to the office of Marshal of Ireland, with a retinue of fifty horse and a company of foot.[5][3] In 1601 he led a force at the reduction of Kinsale, and was one of those who signed the articles of capitulation made between the Lord Deputy of Ireland and Don Juan d'Aquila, commander of the Spanish troops made prisoners on that occasion.[5][3]

O'Doherty's Rebellion

In May 1608 during O'Doherty's Rebellion he marched into Ulster against Sir Cahir O'Doherty, who had burnt Derry, killing him and dispersing his followers. For this success Sir Richard was on 29 June 1609 rewarded by a grant of the Powerscourt Estate in County Wicklow.[3]

Later career

In the Parliament of Ireland of 1613-15, he sat in the Irish House of Commons as MP for Downpatrick.

On 19 February 1618 he was created Viscount Powerscourt, and he subsequently enjoyed several important offices under the Crown.[1]

Marriage

He married Frances Rugge, (or Repps), (died before 30 November 1631), daughter of William Rugge, (or Repps), of Felmingham, Norfolk, and Thomasine Townshend, and widow of Edward Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell.[6][7] Frances Cromwell, the elder of her two daughters, married Sir John Wingfield of Tickencote, Rutland in January 1619.[8] Her younger daughter, Anne Cromwell, married her husband's cousin, Sir Edward Wingfield of Carnew, County Wicklow on 9 May 1619.[9]

Death

He died 9 September 1634, without issue from his wife, Frances and his title therefore became extinct. His estates passed to his cousin, Sir Edward Wingfield. The title was revived in 1665 in the person of Folliott Wingfield, 1st Viscount Powerscourt, who died without issue in 1717; and again in 1743 in the person of Richard Wingfield.[10][11]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Dunlop 2004.
  2. Lodge 1789, p. 268.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Webb 1878, p. 571.
  4. Shaw II 1906, p. 91.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lodge 1789, pp. 268–272.
  6. Cokayne III 1913, p. 558, Frances was the second wife of Edward Cromwell. His first wife was Elizabeth Umpton (or Upton).
  7. Grummitt 2008.
  8. Burke 1831, p. 153.
  9. Lodge 1789, p. 272.
  10. Burke 2 1833, p. 316.
  11. Chisholm 1911.
Attribution

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Webb, Alfred (1878). "Wingfield, Sir Richard, 1st Viscount Powerscourt". A Compendium of Irish Biography. Dublin: M. H. Gill & son. Wikisource. p. 571 

References

External links

Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
New title
Viscount Powerscourt
1618–1634
Succeeded by
Extinct