Richland County, South Carolina

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Richland County, South Carolina
Richland County, SC Courthouse IMG 4801.JPG
The Richland County Justice Center is located across from Columbia City Hall.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Richland County
Location in the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1785
Seat Columbia
Largest city Columbia
 • Total 772 sq mi (1,999 km2)
 • Land 757 sq mi (1,961 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 1.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2013) 399,256
 • Density 508/sq mi (196/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Richland County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 384,504,[1] making it the second-most populous county in South Carolina, behind only Greenville County. The county seat is Columbia,[2] the state capital.

Richland County is part of the Columbia, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2010, the center of population of South Carolina was located in Richland County, in the city of Columbia.[3]


Richland County was probably named for its "rich land." The county was formed in 1785 as part of the large Camden District. A small part of Richland later went to Kershaw County (1791). The county seat is Columbia, which is also the state capital. In 1786 the state legislature decided to move the capital from Charleston to a more central location. A site was chosen in Richland County, which is in the geographic center of the state, and a new town was laid out. Richland County’s boundaries were formally incorporated on Dec. 18, 1799. Cotton from the surrounding plantations was shipped through Columbia and later manufactured into textiles there. General William T. Sherman captured Columbia during the Civil War, and his troops burned the town and parts of the county on February 17, 1865. The U. S. Army returned on more friendly terms in 1917, when Fort Jackson was established, which is now the largest and most active Initial Entry Training Center in the U.S. Army.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 772 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 757 square miles (1,960 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.9%) is water.[4] Richland County is situated in the center of South Carolina.

Rivers and lakes

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 3,930
1800 6,097 55.1%
1810 9,027 48.1%
1820 12,321 36.5%
1830 14,772 19.9%
1840 16,397 11.0%
1850 20,243 23.5%
1860 18,307 −9.6%
1870 23,025 25.8%
1880 28,573 24.1%
1890 36,821 28.9%
1900 45,589 23.8%
1910 55,143 21.0%
1920 78,122 41.7%
1930 87,667 12.2%
1940 104,843 19.6%
1950 142,565 36.0%
1960 200,102 40.4%
1970 233,868 16.9%
1980 269,735 15.3%
1990 285,720 5.9%
2000 320,677 12.2%
2010 384,504 19.9%
Est. 2014 401,566 [5] 4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 320,677 people, 120,101 households, and 76,384 families residing in the county. The population density was 424 people per square mile (164/km²). There were 129,793 housing units at an average density of 172 per square mile (66/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 48.1% White, 46.8% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 1.72% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 2.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 120,101 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.70% were married couples living together, 16.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.40% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,961, and the median income for a family was $49,466. Males had a median income of $34,346 versus $25,909 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,794. About 10.10% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.50% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

[11]Government and infrastructure Richland County is governed by an eleven-member County Council, who hold concurrent four-year terms. Richland County is governed under the Council-Administrator form of government, which is very similar to the Council-Manager form of government. The major difference between the Council Manager and Council Administrator forms of government is the title of the chief executive, being Manager in one and Administrator in the other.

Board of Commissioners
District Commissioner
District 1 Bill Malinowski
District 2 Joyce Dickerson
District 3 Damon Jeter
District 4 Paul Livingston
District 5 Seth Rose
District 6 Greg Pearce
District 7 Torrey Rush
District 8 Jim Manning
District 9 Julie-Ann Dixon
District 10 Kelvin Washington
District 11 Norman Jackson

In March 2008, the Richland County sheriff department acquired an armored personnel carrier equipped with a .50 caliber machine gun.[12] This acquisition was criticized by Reason magazine as "overkill".[13]

The South Carolina Department of Corrections, headquartered in Columbia and in Richland County,[14] operates several correctional facilities in Columbia and in Richland County. They include the Broad River Correctional Institution,[15] the Goodman Correctional Institution,[16] the Camille Griffin Graham Correctional Institution,[17] the Stevenson Correctional Institution,[18] and the Campbell Pre-Release Center.[19] Graham houses the state's female death row.[20] The State of South Carolina execution chamber is located at Broad River. From 1990 to 1997 Broad River housed the state's male death row.[21]


Public transportation in Richland County is provided by the Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority.





Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


  • Dutch Fork
  • Fort Jackson
  • Intown
  • Lower Richland
  • Northeast Richland
  • Upper Richland

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. S.C. Sheriff's Department Armored Vehicle with Belt-Fed Machine Gun
  13. Sheriff Lott's New Toy by Radley Balko September 1, 2008
  14. "Institutions." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  15. "Broad River Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  16. "Goodman Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  17. "Graham (Camille Griffin) Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010. "4450 Broad River Road Columbia, SC 29210-4096"
  18. "Stevenson Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  19. "Campbell Pre-Release Center." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  20. "Graham (Camille Griffin) Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010. "The institution also functions as a major special management unit with the ability to house female death row inmates and county safekeepers."
  21. "Death Row/Capital Punishment." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.

External links

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