Riograndense Republic

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Riograndense Republic
República Rio-Grandense
Unrecognized state

Flag Coat of arms
Liberdade, Igualdade, Humanidade
(Portuguese for "Liberty, Equality, Humanity")
Capital Piratini[citation needed]
Languages Portuguese
Government Constitutional Presidentialist Republic
 •  1836-1841 Bento Gonçalves da Silva
 •  1841-1845 José Gomes de Vasconcellos Jardim
Historical era 19th Century
 •  Independence of Empire of Brazil September 11, 1836
 •  Confederation with Juliana Republic 24 July 1839
 •  Constitution adoppted 8 February 1843
 •  Ponche Verde Treaty March 5, 1845
 •  1842 est. Circa 350.000 
Currency Brazilian Real
Proclamation of the Piratini Republic. Antônio Parreiras.

The Riograndense Republic,[1] often called Piratini Republic (Portuguese: República Rio-Grandense or República do Piratini), was a de facto state that existed between September 11, 1836 and March 1, 1845 roughly coinciding with the present state of Rio Grande do Sul, in Brazil. Although never recognised as a self-governing state, it voted itself a Constitution in 1843. It was recognized only by Uruguay.[citation needed]

Independence was proclaimed by Antônio de Souza Neto, who assigned Bento Gonçalves da Silva as its first president during the rebellion which became the Ragamuffin War.

In 1839, the Piratini Republic formed a confederation with the short-lived Juliana Republic (República Juliana in Portuguese) which proclaimed its independence in the same year. November 1839, however, saw the war result in the defeat and disappearance of the Juliana Republic.

The Riograndense Republic had five capitals during its nearly nine years of existence: the cities of Piratini (for which it is often called Piratini Republic), Alegrete, Caçapava do Sul (official capitals), Bagé (for only two weeks), and São Borja. The war between the Gaúchos and the Brazilian Empire was ended by the Ponche Verde Treaty.


  1. "Constitution of the Rio-Grandense Republic (dated 1843)". Retrieved 1 September 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>