Robert I, Count of Artois
|Count of Artois|
|Born||September 25, 1216|
|Died||February 8, 1250|
|Spouse||Matilda of Brabant|
|Issue||Blanche of Artois
Robert II of Artois
|Father||Louis VIII of France|
|Mother||Blanche of Castile|
He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one). In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refuse to pretend to such a title.
They had two children:
- Blanche (1248–1302)
- Robert II (1250–1302), who succeeded to Artois after Robert I was killed in Egypt during the Seventh Crusade, led by his brother Louis IX of France.
Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX. He and the Templars accompanying the expedition charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets. According to Jean de Joinville, he defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed. In Egypt it is believed that Sultan Qutuz killed him, although it is more likely that an anonymous soldier did so. According to Matthew Paris who is not considered reliable by modern historians, he fled in disgrace at the height of the battle, and drowned while trying to cross a river named Thanis (a branch of the Nile).
|Ancestors of Robert I, Count of Artois|
- Masson, Gustave, The story of mediaeval France: from the reign of Hugues Capet to the beginnings of the sixteenth century, (G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1888), 90.
- Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066–1399, (Heritage Books Inc., 2007), 35.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert I of Artois.|
- Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066–1399, Heritage Books Inc., 2007.
- Masson, Gustave, The story of mediaeval France: from the reign of Hugues Capet to the beginnings of the sixteenth century, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1888.
|New title||Count of Artois