Robert de Stratford

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Robert de Stratford
Bishop of Chichester
Tomb of Robert de Stratford in Chichester Cathedral
Church Catholic
Elected between 23 July and 18 August 1337
Term ended 9 April1362
Predecessor John Langton
Successor William Lenn
Consecration 30 November 1337
Personal details
Born c. 1292
Died 9 April 1362
Aldingbourne, Sussex
Coats of arms attributed to Robert de Stratford:
  • a) a fess humette between three trestles, argent
  • b) a fess humette or, between three trestles, argent[1]

Robert de Stratford (c. 1292 – 9 April 1362) was an English bishop and was one of Edward III of England's principal ministers.

Early life

Stratford was born into the landed Stratford Family of Stratford-on-Avon around 1292. His father was another Robert and his mother was called Isabel. He was brother to John de Stratford (Archbishop of Canterbury) and possibly Henry de Stratford and Thomas de Stratford, Archdeacon of Gloucester (he was certainly a relation to both), to the latter of whom he gifted the manor of Shottery.[2] Robert senior has been identified as ‘Master’ Robert, co-founder and first master of the hospital of St Cross within the town, but in view of the title magister and the celibate status required, this appears unlikely. The family was related to the Hattons, important men in the town, Ralph Hatton ‘of Stratford’, the future bishop of London, being John's nephew. He was also a relative of Sir Andrew De Stratford.[3][4]


Stratford served for a time as deputy to his brother John.[5] From 1329 he served as Prebend of Aylesbury[6] and then from 1331 to 1334 he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer and from March to July 1338 as Lord Chancellor.[7] He was dismissed as chancellor in 1338[7] but regained the office for six months in 1340.

From 1335 to 1338, Stratford was Chancellor of the University of Oxford.[8]

From 1334–7, Stratford was Archdeacon of Canterbury.[9] He was elected Bishop of Chichester between 23 July and 18 August 1337, and was consecrated 30 November 1337.[10]


Stratford made his will and died at his manor of Aldingbourne in Sussex on 9 April 1362.[11] Probate was granted on the 26th. His recumbent effigy lies in the south choir aisle of Chichester Cathedral.[4]


  1. Bedford, WK Riland. "The Blazon of Episcopacy" 1858
  2. 'The borough of Stratford-upon-Avon: Manors', A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 3: Barlichway hundred (1945), pp. 258-266. URL: Date accessed: 29 May 2014.
  3. Blomefield and Parkin An essay towards a topographical history of the county of Norfolk pp. 390
  4. 4.0 4.1 Roy Martin Haines, ‘Stratford, Robert (c.1292–1362)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 28 May 2014
  5. Haines, Roy. "Stratford, Robert". Retrieved 2011-12-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Lipscomb, George. The history and antiquities of the county of Buckingham (1847).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 86
  8. Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). "Appendix 5: Chancellors of the University". The Encyclopaedia of Oxford. Macmillan. pp. 521–522. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Wood, Anthony (1790). "Fasti Oxonienses". The History and Antiquities of the Colleges and Halls in the University of Oxford. Google Books. pp. 22–23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology, p. 239.
  11. Dalloway, James. "A History of the Western Division of the County of Sussex, Volume 1" 1815, p.53


  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Political offices
Preceded by
John de Stratford
Lord Chancellor
Succeeded by
Richard Bintworth
Preceded by
John de Stratford
Lord Chancellor
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Bourchier
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Richard de Ferings
Archdeacon of Canterbury
Succeeded by
Simon Islip
Preceded by
John Langton
Bishop of Chichester
Succeeded by
William Lenn
Academic offices
Preceded by
Hugh de Willoughby
Chancellor of the University of Oxford
Succeeded by
Robert Paynink?
or John Leech