Ronnie L. White

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Ronnie White
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
Assumed office
July 17, 2014
Appointed by Barack Obama
Preceded by Jean Hamilton
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Missouri
In office
July 1, 2003 – June 30, 2005
Preceded by Stephen Limbaugh
Succeeded by Michael Wolff
Justice of the Supreme Court of Missouri
In office
October 1995 – July 6, 2007
Appointed by Mel Carnahan
Preceded by Elwood Thomas
Succeeded by Patricia Breckenridge
Personal details
Born (1953-05-31) May 31, 1953 (age 65)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Alma mater St. Louis Community College
St. Louis University
University of Missouri, Kansas City

Ronnie L. White (born May 31, 1953) is a United States District Judge on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri and a former Missouri Supreme Court judge.

White graduated from St. Louis Community College in 1977 and St. Louis University in 1979. He earned a law degree from the University of Missouri–Kansas City in 1983. He worked as a public defender in St. Louis and an attorney in various other government offices and was elected as a Democratic member of the Missouri House of Representatives, where he served for six years. In 1993, he was appointed as a City Counselor for St. Louis City. In May 1994, Governor Mel Carnahan appointed him a judge for the Eastern District of the Missouri Court of Appeals.

Carnahan appointed White to the Supreme Court of Missouri in October 1995. He was the court's first African-American Chief Justice, from 2003 to 2005.[1] White retired from the court on July 6, 2007 and was succeeded by Judge Patricia Breckenridge.

First nomination to federal district court

In 1997, President Bill Clinton nominated White for a United States district court seat. White's nomination passed the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, but ran into resistance from then-Senator John Ashcroft in 1999. Ashcroft claimed White was "pro-criminal" due to White's opinions in death penalty cases before the Supreme Court and cited opposition from Missouri police associations that were later discovered to be all-white.[2] Carnahan and other Democrats criticized Republican opposition to the nomination, and it quickly became embroiled with racial overtones and an issue in the U.S. Senate election in Missouri the following year.[3] On October 5, 1999, White's nomination failed in a 54-45, party-line vote in the full Senate.[4] Ashcroft's opposition to White hurt him both in the 2000 Senate election (which he narrowly lost for a variety of reasons) and during his confirmation hearings when he was appointed United States Attorney General.

Second nomination to federal district court

On November 7, 2013, President Obama nominated White to serve on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri.[5] He received a hearing before the United States Senate Judiciary Committee on May 20, 2014.[6] On June 19, 2014 his nomination was reported out of committee by a roll call vote of 10-8.[7] On Monday, July 14, 2014 Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid filed a motion to invoke cloture on the nomination.

On July 16, 2014, the U.S. Senate voted 54-43 for cloture on White's nomination, cutting off a Republican-led filibuster of White's nomination.[8] Later that same day, senators voted 53-44 to confirm White.[9] He received his judicial commission on July 17, 2014.[10]

References

  1. "New Chief Justice of Missouri Supreme Court". Jet. July 14, 2003.[dead link]
  2. Michael Grunwald. "Missouri Senate Race Is Heating Up Early". Washington Post. October 23, 1999.
  3. Ben White. "Deepening Rift Over Judge Vote". Washington Post. October 7, 1999.
  4. http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=106&session=1&vote=00307
  5. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/11/07/president-obama-nominates-three-serve-united-states-district-courts
  6. "May 20, 2014: Judicial Nominations". United States Senate.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Executive Business Meeting" (PDF). United States Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Retrieved 19 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Senate Roll Call
  9. Senate Roll Call
  10. "Biographical Directory of Federal Judges". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 17 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Jean Hamilton
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
2014–present
Incumbent