Roosevelt Campobello International Park

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Roosevelt Campobello International Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
The Roosevelt cottage at Campobello (2011)
Map showing the location of Roosevelt Campobello International Park
Map showing the location of Roosevelt Campobello International Park
Location in New Brunswick off the coast of Maine
Location Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada
Nearest city Saint John, New Brunswick
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Area 11.01 km2 (2,720 acres)
Established July 7, 1964
Governing body Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission

Roosevelt Campobello International Park preserves the house and surrounding landscape of the family summer retreat of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his family, located on the southern tip of Campobello Island in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. It was here in August 1921 that the 39-year-old Roosevelt, who would go on to become the 32nd President of the United States, fell ill and was diagnosed with polio.[1][2]:236 FDR was no longer able to stay at the "beloved island",[3] but he sailed there in 1933 and visited briefly in 1936 and 1939.[4] Eleanor Roosevelt loved the cool summer weather and visited many times with her children and friends. After her death in 1962, the family deeded the property to the governments of the U.S. and Canada; in 1964, they created the 2,800-acre International Park.[5] The cottage, built in the Shingle Style and completed in 1897, was designed by Willard T. Sears.

Administrative history

The park is owned and administered by the Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission, created by international treaty signed by Governor General Georges Vanier, Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson, and President Lyndon B. Johnson on January 22, 1964. The park was established on July 7, 1964. Both countries provide financial support to the park. It is an affiliated area of Parks Canada and of the U.S. National Park Service.

Charter members of the board of the international commission included U.S. Senator Edmund S. Muskie, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., and Lubec, Maine, resident Sumner T. Pike.[6]

See also



  1. "F. D. Roosevelt Ill of Poliomyelitis". The New York Times. September 16, 1921. Retrieved 2015-09-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Ward, Geoffrey C.; Burns, Ken (2014). The Roosevelts: An Intimate History. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 9780307700230.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Roosevelt, Eleanor (August 10, 1962). "My Day". The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project. Department of History, The George Washington University. Retrieved 2015-09-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "FDR and Campobello". Roosevelt Campobello International Park. Retrieved 2015-09-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Stephen O. Muskie, Campobello: Roosevelt’s Beloved Island (1982)
  6. Two articles by Donald R. Larrabee, one each from Bangor Daily News and Maine Sunday Telegram, entered in Congressional Record – Senate, June 10, 1975, page 18115, by Sen. Edmund Muskie, in Bates College Muskie archives.

External links