Roswell B. Mason

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Roswell B. Mason
25th Mayor of Chicago
In office
Preceded by John B. Rice
Succeeded by Joseph Medill
Personal details
Born (1805-09-19)September 19, 1805
New Hartford, New York, United States
Died January 1, 1892(1892-01-01) (aged 86)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Political party Citizens Party
Residence Chicago, Illinois

Roswell B. Mason (September 19, 1805 – January 1, 1892; buried in Rosehill Cemetery) served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois (1869–1871) for the Citizens Party.

Roswell held a high position with the Illinois Central Railroad until he decided to run to be Mayor of Chicago on a reform ticket.[1] During Mason's administration, the Great Chicago Fire occurred. Mason responded by directing General Philip Sheridan to place the city under martial law.

He is the namesake of Mason, Illinois.[2]


  1. Gale, Edwin O. (1902). Reminiscences of Early Chicago and Vicinity. Chicago: Revell. p. 389.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 201.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>