Royal Ordnance L9
|Royal Ordnance L9|
Centurion AVRE 165
|Manufacturer||Royal Ordnance Factories|
Royal Ordnance L9 is a British short-barrelled 165 mm calibre gun used for combat engineering, particularly the demolition of defences.
Initially called Ordnance BL 6.5" Mk I it was latter renamed 165mm L9 Demolition Gun. American variants of the L9A1 as used on the M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle were known M135
The gun is capable of firing a 64 lb (29 kg) High Explosive Squash Head (HESH) demolition projectile distances up to 2,400 m (2,600 yd). The HESH shell contains 40 lb of C-4 explosive.
The gun's primary purpose is the clearing of obstacles such as walls, fences, roadblocks or bunkers, and the destruction of buildings.
- L9A1 - improved version
- The American M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle variant of the M60 Patton tank used a XM135 gun patterned after the British 165 mm.
- US Army Field Manual FM 5-103 Survivability, Appendix A, Headquarters, Department of the Army, Washington, DC 10 June 1985
- Hunnicutt, R. P. Patton: A History of the American Main Battle Tank. 1984; Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-230-1.
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