Royal warrant of appointment

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Royal warrants of appointment have been issued for centuries to tradespeople who supply goods or services to a royal court or certain royal personages. The royal warrant enables the supplier to advertise the fact that they supply to the issuer of the royal warrant; thus lending prestige to the supplier. Royal families of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Denmark, Sweden, and Japan among others, allow tradesmen to advertise royal patronage.

Suppliers having a royal warrant charge for the goods and services supplied; a royal warrant does not imply that suppliers provide goods or services free of charge. Royal warrants are typically advertised on company hoardings, letter-heads and products by displaying the coat of arms or the heraldic badge of the royal personage issuing the royal warrant. Warrants granted by members of the British royal family usually include the phrase "By Appointment to…" followed by the title and name of the royal customer, and then what goods are provided; no other details of what is supplied may be given.

Purveyors for current households


Royal warrant holders of the Court of Australia:


In Belgium the title of 'Purveyor to the Court' (Gebrevetteerd Hofleverancier van België/Fournisseur breveté de la Cour de Belgique) is granted to businesses who provide services or goods to the royal court. The list of 'purveyors to the Court' is updated every year. The king himself makes the decision who gets a title or not.

Some of the 'Purveyors to the Court' include:


Purveyors to the Royal Danish Court:


Purveyors to the Imperial Household Ministry; after World War II, the permission system was abolished, but purveyors still exist today:


High Patronage of the Monaco Royal Family:


Purveyors to the Nederlandish Court:

The status 'purveyor to the court' (hofleverancier) is awarded to small and medium-sized businesses that have existed for at least 100 years, and who have a good reputation regionally.[1] They need not actually supply goods to the court. The status is renewable every 25 years. At present there are at least 387 companies who can hold this status.[2]

For large, multinational enterprises and for non-governmental organizations the use of the designation koninklijke ("royal" in Dutch) can be awarded.[3] These enterprises are also allowed to incorporate a crown in their logo. Examples are KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, KPN, Royal Dutch Shell, Royal Philips Electronics, and Royal Vopak.



United Kingdom

Historical reigning households


See K.u.k. Hoflieferant (German)
Wappen Kaisertum Österreich 1815: Purveyors to the Imperial and Royal Court were allowed to display the double-headed eagle.
Imperial eagle displayed at the store of the purveyor Rudolf Waniek, in Vienna
Imperial and royal warrant of appointment issued to Johann Backhausen on November 8, 1888


Purveyors to the Court of Bavaria:

See Liste bayerischer Hoflieferanten (German).
  • FA Ackermanns Kunstverlag – art publishing (1879)
  • Eilles – coffee and tea (1873)
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Ludwig II (1872)
  • Fr. Ant. Prantl – printing and leather goods (1797)


Purveyors to the Brazilian Imperial Family:


Purveyors to the Court of France:


Purveyors to the Italian Royal Family:

  • Acqua di Biella – eau de Cologne to Umberto I (1878)
  • Ballarino (Cavour) – jewellery to S.A.R. the Prince Amedeo of Savoy, patent n° 01/07
  • Baratti & Milano (Turin) – sweets
  • Bianchi – cars
  • Caffarel (Turin) – chocolate
  • Caraceni (Milan) – clothes
  • Fratelli Carli (Imperia) – olive oil
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to King Vittorio Emanuele II (1876)
  • Florio (Marsala) – wine
  • Gancia – wine
  • Gentilini (Roma) – food (biscuits)
  • Marinella (Naples) – ties
  • Martini & Rossi – liquor
  • Musy, Padre & Figli (Turin) – jewellery
  • Pernigotti – chocolate
  • Petochi (Rome) – jewellery
  • Prada (Milan) – leather goods, trunks and clothes
  • Saiwa – food (biscuits)
  • Sperlari – food (biscuits)
  • Steinway & Sons – pianos
  • Luigi Borrelli (Naples) – clothing

Ottoman Empire

Purveyors to the sultans of the Ottoman Empire:


Purveyors to the Portuguese Royal Family:

  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Luís I (1866)


Purveyors to the Court of Prussia:

See Liste preußischer Hoflieferanten (German).


Purveyors to the Romanian Royal House:

File:Furnizor al Casei Regale Române - 2003.jpg
The wording reads: Purveyor to the Romanian Royal House, used since 2003 (and probably between 1923–1947)


Purveyors to the Russian Imperial Family:


Royal Warrant Holders of the Yugoslav Court:


External links