Rudston Monolith, almost 26ft high, close to Rudston Parish Church of All Saints
|Location||near Rudston and Bridlington|
|Region||East Riding of Yorkshire, England|
|Coordinates||Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.|
|Type||Standing stone (megalith)|
|Material||Moor Grit Conglomerate|
|Website||reference Megalithic Portal|
The Rudston Monolith at over 7.6 metres (25 ft) is the tallest megalith (Standing stone) in the United Kingdom. It is situated in the churchyard in the village of Rudston in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
The nearest source (Cayton or Cornelian Bay) of stone of the type the monolith is made of is 9.9 miles (16 km) north of the site. It was probably erected around 1600 BC. There is one other smaller stone, of the same type, in the churchyard, which was once situated near the large stone. The Norman church was almost certainly intentionally built on a site which was already considered sacred, a practice which was common through the country, indeed the name of Rudston is thought to come from the Old English "Rood-stane", meaning "cross-stone", implying that a stone already venerated was adapted for Christian purposes.
Sir William Strickland is reported to have conducted an experiment in the late 18th century determining that there was as much of the stone below ground as is visible above. Strickland found many skulls during his dig and suggests they might have been sacrificial.
The top appears to have broken off the stone. If pointed, the stone would originally have stood about 8.5 metres (28 ft). In 1773, the stone was capped in lead, this was later removed, though the stone is currently capped.
The stone is very slender, with two large flat faces. The flat face of the stone faces the midwinter sunrise in the south-east.
Lines, created by removing soil and grass from above the turf may have been created in the area, and have been linked to the stone. There are many other earthworks in the area, including burial mounds and cursuses.
- The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map: Rudston Monolith Standing Stone (Menhir)
- "Old Yorkshire" Vol 1, by William Smith, 1891
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rudston Monolith.|