Rur Dam

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Rur Dam
CP_Rurtalsperre-Wasser.jpg
Aerial shot of the Rur Dam, Schwammenauel and Rur Reservoir with the Tonsberg peninsula (left centre), island of Eichert (centre) and peninsula of Eschauel (rear right)
Location Städteregion Aachen, Kreis Düren
Coordinates 50°37′57″N 6°23′55″E / 50.63250°N 6.39861°E / 50.63250; 6.39861
Construction began 1934–1938,
1955–1959
and 1961
Dam and spillways
Impounds Rur; others see below
Height (foundation) 77.2 m (253 ft)
Height (thalweg) 69.5 m (228 ft)
Length 480 m (1,570 ft)
Elevation at crest 284.43 m (933.2 ft)
Width (crest) 15 m (49 ft)
Dam volume 2.6×10^6 m3 (92×10^6 cu ft)
Reservoir
Total capacity 203.2×10^6 m3 (7.18×10^9 cu ft)
Active capacity incl. Obersee 202.6×10^6 m3 (7.15×10^9 cu ft)
Catchment area 288.1 km3 (69.1 cu mi)
Surface area 7.83 km2 (3.02 sq mi)
Max. length 10.6 km (6.6 mi)
Normal elevation 281.5 m (924 ft)

The Rur Dam (German: Rurtalsperre Schwammenauel) is a 77.2 metre high dam located in the southwestern part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It was built in 1939 and impounds the River Rur to form the Rur Reservoir (Rurstausee or Rursee) which is 7.83 km² in area. It lies within the districts of Aachen and Düren.

Headwaters and tailwaters

The headwaters of the Rur Reservoir, with their length in kilometres (km), according to the Deutsche Grundkarte map(sorted alphabetically):[1]

  • Allersbach (2.9 km); from Buhlert Ridge flowing from the west-northwest, empties into the central section of the reservoir
  • Büdenbach (1.1 km); from the Kermeter flowing from the south, discharges near the dam wall in the northeastern part of the reservoir
  • Eschbach (1 km); from the Kermeter flowing from the south, empties into the northeastern part of the reservoir
  • Hohenbach (2.1 km); from the Kermeter flowing from the south, empties into the northeastern part of the reservoir
  • Lederbach (1.1 km); from the Buhlert Ridge near the hamlet of Klaus flowing from the northwest, discharges into the central part of the reservoir
  • Morsbach (1.2 km); from Schmidt-Eschauel flowing from the north, discharges into the central part of the reservoir
  • Rur (164.5 km), the main headwater, flowing from the south and emptying into the southern end of the reservoir; forms the only natural tailwater
  • Welchenbach (3.5 km); from the Monschauer Heckenland/from the direction of Simmerath in the west, discharges into the southern part of the reservoir
  • Wolfsbach (2.2 km); from the Monschauer Heckenland/from Steckenborn flowing from the west, discharges into the southern part of the reservoir
  • Schilsbach, from Hechelscheidt/ Klaus, empties near Woffelsbach/ Schilsbachtal
  • Weidenbach, empties near Rurberg/ Weidenbachtal

See also

References

  1. Rurtalsperre Schwammenauel (accessed on 30 December 2011)

Literature

  • Talsperren in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Peter Franke, Wolfgang Frey: DNK - DVWK 1987, ISBN 3-926520-00-0

External links