Rushdie Kikhia

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Rushdie Kikhia
رشدي الكيخيا
File:Rushdi Al-Kikhya.jpg
Speaker of the People's Council
In office
12 December 1949 – 23 June 1951
Preceded by Maarouf al-Dawalibi
Succeeded by Fares al-Khoury
Minister of the Interior
In office
14 August 1949 – 12 December 1949
Personal details
Born 1899 (1899)
Aleppo, Ottoman Syria
Died 1987 (aged 87–88)
North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus
Political party People's Party

Rushdie Kikhia (Arabic: رشدي الكيخيا‎‎‎‎) was a Syrian politician who founded the People's Party, and was the Speaker of the Parliament of Syria between 1949 and 1951.

Background

Kikhia was born in 1899 to a well-known family in Aleppo. In 1910, he was sent by his father to continue his studies in Beirut at the Islamic College.[1]

Political Life

Kikhia appeared on the political stage as being pursued by the French Mandate government during the Great Syrian Revolution of 1925. He served in the ranks of the National Bloc since its formation in 1928. He was one of the signatories of the 1936 Treaty with France. Afterwards, he declared his secession from it since the negotiations to ratify the treaty have been stalled by France, and what he considered is that the National Bloc has already offered a lot of concessions.[2]

Kikhia was one of the most prominent opponents of the annexation of the Iskenderun to Turkey in 1939. In August 1948, he founded the People's Party rooted from the National Bloc, he remained as its president until the dissolution of political parties after the Syrian-Egyptian unity.[3]

Kikhia was elected as a representative of Aleppo in the People's Council of Syria in 1936, 1943, 1947 and 1949. He held the position of the Minister of the Interior during the reign of Hashim Atassi government. On 12 December 1949, he was elected as the Speaker of the Parliament of Syria.[4]

He chaired the Constituent Assembly, which drafted the Constitution of Syria in 1950.[5] He was one of the most prominent opponents of Adib al-Shishakli's regime and those who demanded his departure in 1954. He refused to assume the post of president in favor of Shukri al-Quwatli. Later on, he refused to approve the secession (separation from the United Arab Republic, which was formed as a result of the unity between Syria and Egypt) and said his famous statement:[2]

The hand that signed the unity document with Egypt will not sign the document of separation.

Death

After the 1963 Syrian coup d'état, Kikhia left Syria to roam between Turkey and Lebanon. In the end, he died in the Cypriot capital of North Nicosia in 1987 and was buried there.[6]

References