SS Long Service Award
SS Long Service Awards (German: SS-Dienstauszeichnungen) were given in grades of four years, eight years, twelve years, twenty-five years, and forty years. The four and eight-year service awards were in the form of circular medals while the 12 and 25-year service awards were in the form of swastikas. The SS service awards were designed in Munich by Professor Karl Diebitsch. The awards varied in design depending on the length of service of the recipient. According to historian Chris Ailsby the awards ceased to be given at the end of 1941.
The branches of the Wehrmacht (Luftwaffe, Heer and Kriegsmarine) had different insignia. The Nazi Party and German Police had a similar service award. The NSDAP Long Service Award was given in grades of ten, fifteen, and twenty-five years. The Police Long Service Award was given in grades of eight, eighteen, twenty-five, and forty years (approved but never awarded).
It was first introduced by Adolf Hitler on 30 January 1938, but some other sources give the date as 14 March 1936. On its reverse side, each award had emblazoned the inscription, in German: FÜR TREUE DIENSTE IN DER SS ("For Loyal Service in the SS"). The medal was awarded to SS members in the SS-Verfügungstruppe, SS-Totenkopfverbände and the SS-Junkerschule who served honorably and were on active service.
The four-year and eight-year awards are the most common awards, and as such, are not as rare, but the twelve-year and higher awards are a lot rarer, and those that owned them were likely to have been too old to have served on the front lines. Despite the fact that the whole Nazi movement lasted for little over 25 years (1919-1945) and the SS were founded only in 1923, awards of the 25-year version were made well before 25 years of actual service were completed. This was because the period between 1925 and 1933 (what the Nazis termed Kampfzeit ("Time of Struggle") counted double, and any service in the Armed Forces in the First World War and afterwards, as well as the Police, was also included. Nevertheless, it was one of the rarer awards given out by Nazi Germany. The 40-year award was never officially instituted and given out because no one fulfilled its criteria.
The SS service medals were manufactured by two firms Deschler of Munich and Petz & Lorenz of Unterreichenbach. The medals were die struck and had a metal composition of different alloys such as bronze, tin, copper and zinc. All levels of the long service awards were held on blue ribbons (See images). The 12 years and 25 years service class awards normally had the SS runes service branch embroidered into the ribbons (See images). These awards were presented in a black case, which bore white or silver wash SS runes posted on the top center of the box cover. Both medals, the twelve and twenty-five-year medals, have the tear-drop suspension loop.
Four year award
Eight year award
Twelve year award
Twenty-Five year award
Forty year award
The forty-year service award was never officially instituted and distributed because no one achieved the necessary length of service before the fall of the Third Reich in 1945.
Waffen-SS Long Service Award 4 year.jpg
The SS Long Service Award for four years of service.
Waffen-SS Long Service Award 8 year FRONT.jpg
The SS Long Service Award for eight years of service. (Obverse)
Waffen-SS Long Service Award 8 year BACK.jpg
The SS Long Service Award for eight years of service. (Reverse)
Waffen-SS Long Service Award 12year in Silver.jpg
The SS Long Service Award for twelve years of service.
- Angolia 1989, p. 156.
- Ailsby 2003, pp. 134, 135.
- "Deutschesoldaten". Retrieved 2007-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Angolia 1989, pp. 216, 217, 221.
- Angolia 1989, pp. 146, 150, 151.
- Ailsby 2003, p. 134.
- Angolia 1989, p. 158.
- "Nazi Germany's Long Service Medals". Retrieved 2007-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ailsby 2003, pp. 133, 134.
- Ailsby 2003, p. 135.
- Ailsby, Christopher (2003) . A Collector's Guide To: World War 2 German Medals and Political Awards. Ian Allan Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9780711021464.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Angolia, John (1989). For Führer and Fatherland: Political & Civil Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 978-0912138169.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>