Salem (Bible)

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For other uses, see Salem.

Salem (Hebrew שָׁלֵם, Shalem, Greek Σαλήμ) is a town mentioned in the Bible. The term may refer to more than one place.

Two verses in which it is mentioned are:

  • "And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God." (Genesis 14:18)
  • "In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion." (Psalm 76:2)

This refers to the royal city of Melchizedek and is traditionally identified with Jerusalem.[1] It is also mentioned in Hebrews Chapter 7.

Possibly a different place is mentioned in Genesis 33:18, "And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city." The town of Salim corresponds to this location. It is also mentioned in the Gospel of John 3:23: "And John also was baptizing in Ænon near to Salim [Σαλείμ], because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized."

Various towns have been named after Biblical Salem.


  1. "Salem". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 23 October 2015.