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Samastipur is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar
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Country India
State Bihar
District Samastipur
Parliamentary constituency Samastipur
Assembly constituency Samastipur
Population (2011)
 • Total 42,61,566 (2,011)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 848101
Area code(s) STD Code 06274

Samastipur is a town and a municipality (nagar parishad) in Bihar, India. It is the headquarters of Samastipur district. The Burhi Gandak River flows through the town.


As per district Gazetteers, Darbhanga, pages 33 to 34 Darbhanga under the Oinwaras (1325-1525 AD), After a temporary period of instability, Darbhanga came under the control of the Oinwaras, also known as the Kameshwara Thakur or Sugauna Dynasty. These Hindu Chiefs were left undisturbed by the Muslim conquerors, who has by now conquered the whole of Mithila and whose exploits are indicated. The Oinwara Dynasty is noted for their encouragement of leaning and fine arts and their court served as the centre of Sanskrit belle's letters and philosophy. Among the prominent scholars of age were Gadadhara, Sankara, Vachaspati Mishra, Vidyapati, Amartakara and Amiykara. Kameshwara, the founder of dynasty, was resident of village Oini, near Pusa Road, in the District of Darbhanga. When Hazi Ilyas of Bengal divided Torhut into two parts, the Oinwara Raja shifted his Capital to Sugauna near Madhubani. The southern part of the district was under Hazi Ilyas and the northern part under the Oinwaras. The modern subdivision of Samastipur (originally Shamsuddinpur) was founded by Hazi Shamsuddin Ilyas of West Bengal.

Samastipur became a district in 1972 when it was split from Darbhanga district.


As of 2011 census, Samastipur had a population of 42,61,566 .[1]


Samastipur is an administrative centre for the East Central Railway.[2] There are several industries and small-scale industries which include a sugar factory near Magardahi ghat (Now Closed).


Samastipur is located 87 kilometers from the state capital Patna (104 minutes driving distance). The nearest airport, Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan International Airport, Patna Airport, is 91 kilometers from Samastipur. Samastipur Junction is a major railway station, which connects the town to major cities in India. The town is also connected to other places in Bihar by buses.

Places of interest

The Thaneshwar temple complex is located in the heart of the town. It includes temples dedicated to Shiva, Rama, Ganesha, Hanuman, Shani and Kali. Other locally famous temples include the Khatu Shyam Mandir (located in the Samastipur market). Several other temples are located in nearby villages within the district. There is a famous university Pusa Agriculture university, a beautiful place in the district at a distance of 12 km from the city. There is a famous Shiv Temple, known as Baba Khudneshwar Dham. The temple located 16 km from Samastipur near Morwa block, is a unique example of Hindu-Muslim unity. Inside the temple within a distance of about 3 meters there is Majar of Khudno Bibi along with a Shivling. Temple is under renovation by local society members. During Mahashivratri festival, religious crowd from all corners of district visit this place for prayers.


The most common language spoken in Samastipur is Theti (similar to Maithli), Urdu, although Hindi and English are used generally for official or diplomatic use.

Culture of Samastipur is simple, beautiful & secular . It has an old tradition of folk songs & folk Famous Mithila paintings, sung and done during festival and important social occasions like marriage and birth ceremonies. Several folk dance form also practised as Kathghorwa nach , natua nach dom domin and jhijhia . Famous Sama chakeva and Dom kach is also practised as a culture in this area, Bhat dal & aaloo chokha is the happiest meal for every being & shirt pant for man & sari and salwar kurti for women is regular dress to wear!


Samastipur has several schools and colleges. Most of the colleges are affiliated to the Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga. IGNOU has several study centres in Samastipur.[3] The Rajendra Agricultural University is located near the town, in Pusa.

Major colleges in the city include:

  • Samastipur College : offers 35 programmes of which 16 are in undergraduate (UG), 11 in postgraduate (PG), 1 vocational course in Biotechnology at Undergraduate level and 7 career-oriented course under dual degree system.
  • Ram Nirikshan Atma Ram College : offers two Undergraduate programs in Arts and Science
  • Bali Ram Bhagat College: offers undergraduate Commerce, Science & Arts programs
  • Samastipur Law College : offers undergraduate law program.

Major villages and towns


External links

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