Sandow Birk

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Sandow Birk (born 1962 in Detroit, raised in Southern California) is an American visual artist from Los Angeles, whose work deals mainly with contemporary American culture. Seven books have been published on his works and he has made two films. With an emphasis on social issues, his frequent themes have included inner city violence, graffiti, various political issues, travel, prisons, surfing and skateboarding. His projects are often elaborate and epic in scale, including a series on "The Leading Causes of Death in America" and the invasion and the second war in Iraq]]. Most recently he has completed an entirely hand-made illuminated manuscript version of the Holy Qur'an, transcribing the entire English language text by hand in a personalized font based on graffiti, and illuminating the pages with scenes of contemporary American life.


Birk is a graduate of Otis Art Institute of Parsons School of Design (now Otis College of Art and Design) in Los Angeles. His studies included a semester in Paris at the American College in Paris and Parson's School of Design, as well as a semester at the Bath Academy of Art in England. Further studies included time at the Museu de Arte Moderna and Parque Lage in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

In 2000, Birk exhibited an epic, pseudo-historical series entitled "In Smog and Thunder”, describing a "Great War of the Californias" in which Los Angeles and San Francisco wage all-out war for control of California, at the Laguna Art Museum. The series imagined an epic civil war between Los Angeles ("Smog Town") and San Francisco ("Fog Town"), and included some 200 drawings, maps, installations, models, and paintings with such titles as "The Great Battle of Los Angeles".[1] A book was published on the project, "In Smog and Thunder", and a faux documentary film about the war was made with the same name and directed by Sean Meredith, with voice over work by Paul Zaloom.

His series of idyllic landscape paintings of every one of California's 33 state prisons was exhibited at the Santa Barbara Contemporary Arts Forum in 2001. A book has been published on the project, entitled Incarcerated: Visions of California in the 21st Century. In 2002, Birk expanded this project by depicting all of New York State's maximum security prisons in the style of Hudson River School artists from the 19th century. The project was exhibited in New York at Debs and Co. Gallery and works from the series are included in the collection of the New York Historical Society.[citation needed]

In 2005, Birk collaborated with writer Marcus Sanders on a rewriting and illustrating of the entirety of Dante's Divine Comedy,[2] in which Dante and Virgil wander among the souls of the afterworld and discuss faith and philosophy with historical figures. The 13th century poem was translated into contemporary American English by Sanders, while Birk provided illustrations that adapt Gustave Dore's classic illustrations into 21st century imagery.[3] Birk's illustrations were exhibited at the San Jose Museum of Art in 2005 and traveled to several institutions. The work was later published in three volumes.

A feature film adaptation of the Dante project, entitled Dante's Inferno was made by Birk and Sanders in collaboration with Paul Zaloom, Sean Meredith, and Elyse Pignolet.[4] Starring the voices of Dermot Mulroney and James Cromwell as Dante and Virgil respectively, the film was featured at film festivals across the United States in 2007, garnering awards for "Best Director" at the Silverlake Film Festival and "Audience Favorite" at the San Francisco Independent Film Festival a.k.a. IndieFest.[citation needed]

In September 2009, Catharine Clark Gallery showed American Qur'an, an exhibition of fifteen suras of the Qur'an which Birk inscribed in English and decorated with contemporary American scenes.[5] That project was expanded and exhibited in several institutions, including the Koplin del Rio Gallery in Los Angeles, P.P.O.W Gallery in New York City, and the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh. The exhibition from the Warhol later traveled to several institutions, including Grinell College in Grinell, Iowa. In 2015 the American Qur'an project was exhibited in its entirety at the Orange County Museum of Art in Newport Beach, California, and will travel to the Schnitzer Museum of Art in Eugene, Oregon, in 2017.


Birk is the recipient of many awards both nationally and internationally, including an NEA International Travel Grant to Mexico City to study mural painting in 1995, a Guggenheim Fellowship for painting in 1996, and a Fulbright Fellowship to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, for 1997. In 1999 he was awarded a Getty Fellowship for painting, followed by a City of Los Angeles (COLA) Fellowship in 2001, and a USArtsts Fellowship in 2014.

In 2007 Sandow Birk was awarded an Artist in Residence Fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American Art in Washington, D.C. While there, he researched and worked on an upcoming project of "A Proposal for a Monument to the Constitution of the United States", which was later purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

Other residencies include: The Cité Internationale des Arts in Paris, France, for three months in 2008, where he conducted research at the Institut du Monde Arab for his project "American Qur'an". Residences at the Montalvo Arts Center in Los Gatos, CA, in 2011 and 2015. Residencies at the Ballinglen Arts Foundation in rural County Mayo, Ireland, in 2011 and 2016. In 2012 he was Artist in Residence at the Alila Villas Soori in western Bali, Indonesia.

He was named a USA Knight Fellow and received a United States Artist Fellowship in 2015. In 2015 he named a Fellow of the Dante Society of America.

Published titles

Published works including Birk's art:

  • Sandow Birk's "In Smog and Thunder : Historical works from The Great War of the Californias" / curated by Tyler Stallings, (Laguna Beach, Calif.: Laguna Art Museum, c2000). ISBN 0-86719-497-9
  • Incarcerated : visions of California in the 21st century: paintings and prints from the Prisonation series / by Sandow Birk, (Santa Barbara, CA: Santa Barbara Contemporary Arts Forum ; San Francisco, CA : Last Gasp, c2001). ISBN 0-86719-534-7 (pbk.)
  • Dante’s Paradiso / illustrated by Sandow Birk ; text adapted by Sandow Birk and Marcus Sanders ; preface by Peter S. Hawkins ; foreword by Mary Campbell ; introduction by Michael F. Meister, (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, c2005). ISBN 0-8118-4720-9
  • Dante’s Purgatorio / illustrated by Sandow Birk ; text adapted by Sandow Birk and Marcus Sanders ; preface by Marcia Tanner ; introduction by Michael F. Meister, (San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, c2005). ISBN 0-8118-4719-5 (pbk.)
  • Dante’s Inferno / illustrated by Sandow Birk ; text adapted by Sandow Birk and Marcus Sanders. Inferno. English, (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, c2004). ISBN 0-8118-4213-4 (pbk.)
  • 'The Depravities of War" / woodblock prints by Sandow Birk, with prefaces by Darius Spieth and Marilyn Vierra; afterward by Graham Larkin." (Santa Ana, CA: Grand Central Press, c2007) ISBN 0-9771696-9-3
  • '"American Qur'an / artworks by Sandow Birk, Forward by Reza Aslan, introduction by Zareen Grewal, afterward by Iftikhar Dadi" (New York, NY: Liveright Publishing, c2015) ISBN 978-1-63149-018-7


  1. Duncan Campbell, "A brush with the past: The paintings of Sandow Birk, The Guardian, December 2, 2000.
  2. Robert L. Pincus, "Forging 'links'" SDMA project prompts Sandow Birk to find kindred artistic spirits from years past", San Diego Union-Tribune, May 29, 2005.
  3. Fugelso, Karl (6 June 2013). "'It's more a part of living culture': an interview with Sandow Birk, Dante Illustrator". Medievally Speaking. Retrieved 8 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Pritchard, Paul (June 5, 2014). "Dante's Inferno". Retrieved October 23, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. DeCarlo, Tessa (November 2009). "Sandow Birk: American Qur'an". The Brooklyn Rail.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links