Chang before performing a 2005 concert
|Born||Young Joo Chang
December 10, 1980
|Revised Romanization||Jang Yeong-ju|
Sarah Chang (Korean: 장영주) (born Young Joo Chang, on December 10, 1980) is an American classical violinist. Recognized as a child prodigy, she first played as a soloist with the New York Philharmonic and the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1989. She enrolled at Juilliard School to study music, graduated in 1999, and continued university studies. Especially during the 1990s and 2000s, Chang had major roles as a soloist with many of the world's major orchestras.
Early life and education
Chang was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and raised in Voorhees Township, New Jersey. She is the daughter of Myoung-Jun, a composer, and Min-Soo Chang, who was a violinist and music teacher. Chang's parents moved to the United States from South Korea in 1979 for her father's advanced music degree at Temple University. Her mother took composition classes at the University of Pennsylvania. Chang has said that although she "never actually lived in Korea... I do still feel very strongly it's where my roots are." Her younger brother Michael (born 1987) has a degree from Princeton University.
In 1986, when Chang was 5 years old, she auditioned for and was accepted to the Juilliard School by performing the Bruch Violin Concerto No. 1 in G minor. Chang spent her weekends attending music classes at Juilliard and shopping in New York City with her parents. In 1989, she began working with Dorothy DeLay at her studio in New York where her father had received his musical lessons, and at the Aspen Music Festival and School. A former student and assistant to DeLay, Hyo Kang, also provided training to Chang. Following her 1999 high school graduation in New Jersey, she returned to Juilliard for university and studied with DeLay.
Her mother trained her to play one-finger melodies on the piano at age 3. For her fourth birthday, she was given a 1/16-sized violin. At age 8, she auditioned alongside Zubin Mehta and Riccardo Muti, who worked with the New York Philharmonic and the Philadelphia Orchestra. Both granted her immediate engagements.
In 1991, when Chang was 10 years old, she recorded her first album, Debut; it was released by EMI Classics on August 18, 1992 and quickly reached the Billboard chart of classical best-sellers. Chang quickly rose to fame and became known on an international scale, performing up to 150 concerts a year. At the age of 17, she asked for a three-month break; this opportunity did not come until she turned 20 years old. In 2006, Newsweek ranked her as one of the Top Eight Achieving Females in the United States. In the interview accompanying the feature, she commented: "I think having a career at such an early age kept me focused. We schedule at least two to three years in advance in the classical industry. I felt so grounded and so grateful to already know what it was that I wanted to do with my life."
In 2002, she performed in Pyongyang, North Korea. Chang commented: "The concert was full of government officials. Every single last seat. It was invitation only, but it was an unbelievable experience. Frightening and exhilarating at the same time. And I just thought about how lucky I am. I am so fortunate to be a musician, and at that moment, I genuinely felt that music is the one and only universal language."
Chang took part in watchmaker Movado's global advertising campaign "The Art of Time" with Pete Sampras and composer Wynton Marsalis. For the 2004 Olympics, she was selected to carry the Olympic Torch in New York. In 2005, Yale University dedicated a chair in Sprague Hall in Chang's name. Following this, Chang toured for a year with the Berlin Philharmonic and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra in a Sextet programme of summer festivals leading to a concert at the Berlin Philharmonie.
Chang played a recital at Carnegie Hall on April 7 2007, accompanied by the British pianist Ashley Wass. She has continued to perform with the Los Angeles Philharmonic and Esa-Pekka Salonen and make appearances with the former at both the Hollywood Bowl and Walt Disney Concert Hall throughout 2008. On March 27 and 28 2008 she played for San Antonio, Texas audiences at the Majestic Theater, a performance which was preceded by an appearance (to meet and inspire young as well as seasoned musicians at no charge) at Antonio Strad Violin in the same city. From May 2009 to June 2010, she held recital tours across Europe, North America and Asia with pianist Andrew von Oeyen; a July 2010 recording of the two was eventually released. In the February 12, 2010 program, she held her recital at the Barbican Hall in London. Chang made an appearance at the University of Southern California in March 2010, where she played Max Bruch's Violin Concerto No. 1 in G minor, Op. 26. She performed at the Hollywood Bowl in August 2010.
Chang plays the 1717 Guarneri del Gesù violin, which she received through the late Isaac Stern, and uses a variety of bows: she has said that she prefers a Pajeot for Mozart and Bach; a Sartory for the Tchaikovsky and Sibelius concerti; and two Dominique Peccattes for other music.
Chang has performed with the New York Philharmonic, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the Chicago Symphony, the Boston Symphony, the Cleveland Orchestra, the Montréal Symphony Orchestra, the Berlin Philharmonic, the Vienna Philharmonic, orchestras in London, England, and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Additionally, she has performed with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the NHK Symphony Orchestra of Tokyo, the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bayerische Rundfunk Orchestra, the Washington National Symphony Orchestra, the Oslo Philharmonic, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, the Melbourne Symphony, Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Orchestre Philharmonique de Luxembourg, the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, the Orchestre National de France, the Honolulu Symphony, and the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra amongst others.
Chang has also been a soloist under the baton of conductors Mariss Jansons, Daniel Barenboim, Sir Colin Davis, Charles Dutoit, Bernard Haitink, James Levine, Lorin Maazel, Kurt Masur, Zubin Mehta, Riccardo Muti, André Previn, Sir Simon Rattle, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Leonard Slatkin, Michael Tilson Thomas, Plácido Domingo, David Lockington, David Zinman, Gustavo Dudamel, Valery Gergiev, Esa-Pekka Salonen, Jaap van Zweden, John Williams and others.
As a chamber musician, Chang has collaborated with Pinchas Zukerman, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Yefim Bronfman, Martha Argerich, Leif Ove Andsnes, Stephen Kovacevich, Yo-Yo Ma, Lynn Harrell, Lars Vogt, and the late Isaac Stern. She has made several chamber recordings with current and former members of the Berlin Philharmonic, including the Sextet and Piano Quintet of Dvořák and the Souvenir de Florence of Tchaikovsky.
In January 2011, Sarah Chang was interviewed by Evan Solomon of Power & Politics (CBC) where it was revealed that she had been appointed by President Obama to the Presidential Commission on Russian Relations, and also was taking on a new role as State Department Special Cultural Envoy. Chang has already been promoting and supporting childhood musical education for many years. She has also been a cultural ambassador for the U.S.; for instance, she was invited to play in North Korea's capital, Pyongyang, with a South Korean orchestra in 2002.
Chang has received a number of awards, including:
- 1992: Avery Fisher Career Grant
- 1993: Gramophone Magazine Young Artist of the Year (1993)
- 1993: Newcomer of the Year for "Echo" (Germany)
- 1993: Nan Pa (South Korea)
- 1994: Newcomer of the Year at the International Classical Music Awards
- 1999: Avery Fisher Prize[fn 1]
- 2004: Internazionale Accademia Musicale Chigiana Award in Siena, Italy
- 2004: Hollywood Bowl's Hall of Fame[fn 2]
- 1992: Debut Sarasate, Elgar, Paganini (EMI Classics)
- 1993: Johannes Brahms: Hungarian Dances 1, 2, 4, 7 / Peter Tchaikowsky: Violin concerto op 35. Conductor: Sir Colin Davis (EMI Classics)
- 1994: Nicolo Paganini: Concerto No. 1 in D for Violin and Orchestra, Op 6 / Camille Saint-Saëns: Havanaise for Violin and Orchestra, Op.83, Introduction and Rondo capriccioso for Violin and Orchestra, Op.28. Orchestra: The Philadelphia Orchestra. Conductor: Wolfgang Sawallisch (EMI Classics)
- 1996: Édouard Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole/Henri Vieuxtemps: Violin concerto Nr. 5. Orchestra: Concertgebouw Orchestra (Lalo) / Philharmonia Orchestra (Vieuxtemps), Conductor: Charles Dutoit (EMI Classics)
- 1997: Simply Sarah (EMI Classics)
- 1998: Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Jean Sibelius: Violin concertos. Orchestra: Berliner Philharmoniker, Conductor: Maris Jansons (EMI Classics)
- 1999: Sweet Sorrow. Pieces of Vitali, Gluck, Brahms, Lalo, Vieuxtemps, Paganini, Sibelius, Liszt, Tschaikowsky, Saint-Saëns, misc. Orchestras, conductors (EMI Classics)
- 1999: Richard Strauss: Violin concerto and Violin sonata. Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Conductor and piano: Wolfgang Sawallisch (EMI Classics)
- 2000: Karl Goldmark: Violin concerto op. 28. Orchestra: Gürzenich-Orchester, Conductor: James Conlon (EMI Classics)
- 2002: Fire and Ice. Sarasate, Massenet, Ravel, Beethoven, J. S. Bach, Orchestra: Berliner Philharmoniker, Conductor: Plácido Domingo (EMI Classics)
- 2002: Antonín Dvořák, Tchaikowsky: (with other artists) Souvenir de Florence (EMI Classics)
- 2003: Classical Legends. Compilation ft Sarah Chang and other artists
- 2004: French Violin sonatas. Piano: Lars Vogt (EMI Classics)
- 2004: Ralph Vaughan Williams: Sinfonies. Disc 4: The Lark Ascending. Conductor: Bernard Haitink (EMI Classics)
- 2005: Meisterwerke der Kammermusik. Compilation ft Sarah Chang and other artists, 3 CD
- 2005: Andrew Lloyd Webber: Phantasia (with cellist Julian Lloyd Webber) (EMI Classics)
- 2006: Dmitri Shostakovich: Violin concerto Nr.1 / Sergej Prokofieff: Violin concert Nr. 1. Orchestra: Berliner Philharmoniker, Conductor: Sir Simon Rattle (EMI Classics)
- 2007: Antonín Dvořák: Violin Concerto Op. 53, Piano Quintet (with Leif Ove Andsnes), London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis (EMI Classics)
- 2007: Antonio Vivaldi: The Four Seasons, and Violin Concerto in g, op 12 no 1, RV 317. Orchestra: Orpheus Chamber Orchestra (EMI Classics)
- 2009: Max Bruch Violin Concerto No.1, Johannes Brahms Violin Concerto Kurt Masur, Dresdner Philharmonie (EMI Classics)
- 1995: Niccolò Paganini Violin Concerto Berliner Philharmoniker, Zubin Mehta
- 2003: Spanish Night: Sarasate Carmen Fantasie, Zigeunerweisen, Thais Meditation, Berliner Philharmoniker, Plácido Domingo (Conductor)
- Avery Fisher Prize rarely grants this distinction. Chang is among one of three females to be selected for the award that year, along with Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg and Pamela Frank. For more information, The New York Times.
- To date, Chang is the youngest person on record to receive this title; see this Los Angeles Times article.
- Earls, Irene. Young Musicians in World History. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-313-31442-1. OCLC 47838282.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Scher, Valerie. "Violinist's key: Just be a minor -| Gifted Sarah Chang still a teen to the core", San Diego Union-Tribune, October 31, 1995. Accessed March 17, 2011. "'I never play anything the same way twice,' she says by phone from her family's home in Voorhees, NJ."
- "Young, gifted and calling the tunes". The Independent Music. August 12, 1999. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- "Sarah Chang is back". Korea JoongAng Daily. September 8, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- "Violinist.com interview with Sarah Chang". Violinist.com. December 18, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- "Sarah Chang -- Me and My 1717 Guarneri". April 23, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Power & Politics with Evan Solomon, aired on February 21, 2011 (view at 30:00 -> 49:00 of the clip). Retrieved 24 Feb 2011.
- "Violinist Sarah Chang & Pianist Andrew Von Oeyen Perform at Markham Theatre 2/24". Broadway World. January 23, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- America's Intelligence Wire, May 9, 2004.
- Dervan, Michael (January 29, 2009). "Living with the 'prodigy' tag". Irish Times. Retrieved January 29, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Oksenhorn, Stewart. "Sarah S=Chang Cherishes Aspen Experience". www.aspentimes.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Yale School of Music : Faculty (Hyo Kang, violin)". Yale School of Music. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- Woodstra, Chris; Brennan, Scrott (2006). All music guide to classical music: the definitive guide to classical music. Reed Business Information. p. 1607. ISBN 0-87930-865-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Noted Violinist Sarah Chang to Perform at UA with Alabama Symphony Orchestra March 14". UA News. February 24, 2004. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- "A Violin Prodigy Sees The World". Newsweek. August 9, 1999. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "Twitter Q&A: Sarah Chang" (PDF). Barbican. January 2, 2010. p. 3. Retrieved February 24, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Sarah Chang Aims to Cast Off Prodigy Label". Korea Times. December 7, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Reel, James (January 2004). "Interview with Violinist Sarah Chang: Adulthood is offering a new world of opportunities for this former child prodigy". Strings Magazine (115). Retrieved 22 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Heisler, T (September 15, 2004). Rocky Mountain News, p. 3.
- "ABOUT THE PERFORMER: Sarah Chang". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "Sarah Chang, violin". Louisville Orchestra. February 2, 2009. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- San Jose Public Library catalog entry for Debut [sound recording]
- Debut at amazon.com
- "For me, the stage is my home: violinist Sarah Chang". Colorado KoreanNetwork. kncolorado.com. Retrieved October 31, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Sarah Chang: Playing in Pyongyang". May 11, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- "EMI Classics - Sarah Chang". EMI Classics. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "Bio for Sarah Chang". Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- New York Times, Steve Smith "Strong Expression, Delivered With Spirit and Teamwork" April 7, 2007
- About the Performer at Hollywood Bowl
- Lee Hyo-won (12 July 2009)
- "Sarah Chang - Brahms, Theofanidis and Franck". Barbican Hall. February 12, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- "Inside the Violin: an interview with Sarah Chang". Asia Pacific Arts. March 19, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "Music review: Leonard Slatkin and Sarah Chang return to the Hollywood Bowl for Shostakovich [updated]". Los Angeles Times. August 25, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "EMI Classics UK | Release | Bruch: Violin Concerto No.1 / Brahms: Violin Concerto". EMI Classics. September 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2009.
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