Saskatoon Police Service
|Saskatoon Police Service|
Coat of arms of the Saskatoon Police Service
|Motto||Neque Timore Neque Favore
Neither by fear nor by favour
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Sworn members||510 (2012)|
|Unsworn members||134 (2012)|
|Elected officer responsible||The Honourable Gordon Wyant, Minister of Justice and Attorney General|
|Agency executive||Clive Weighill, Chief of Police|
Saskatoon Police Service (SPS) is the municipal police service in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. It holds both municipal and provincial jurisdiction. Police Chief Clive Weighill is the head of the service. The deputy chiefs are Deputy Chief Mark Chatterbok (Administration), and Deputy Chief Bernie Pannell (Operations). The SPS operates in partnership and cooperation with the Corman Park Police Service and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
In 1887 the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) established a detachment in Saskatoon, in what is now the Nutana area of the city. The detachment moved across the river to a building on First Avenue between 19th and 20th Streets sometime after the area that is now the downtown was first settled in 1890. In 1889, Constable John Clisby of the NWMP became the settlement's first permanent police officer.
In January 1906, ex-NWMP constable Robert E. Dunning was appointed "Inspector, Constable, Engineer and Liquor License Inspector" for the then-Town of Saskatoon. Prior to that, Dunning had sworn an oath of office as a "Special Constable for the province of Saskatchewan" for November and December 1905. It is not clear what his precise duties or those of his predecessor, William Page Hurst (appointed constable for the then-Northwest Territories, 15 August - 31 December 1905) were, but presumably they were related to law enforcement in Saskatoon. After Saskatoon was incorporated as a city later that year, Dunning was appointed Chief of Police. In 1910 the first Rules and Regulations of the Saskatoon Police Department were approved.
In 1930, the force moved into its first purpose-built police station, the Municipal Justice Building on the corner of 4th Avenue and 23rd Street, across from City Hall. In 1977, a new station was built next to it. The old station was demolished in 1996 and the space became a parking lot. The new building cost roughly $5.5 million and had a floor space of 101,000 sq. feet. On 22 July 2014, Saskatoon's police operations moved into a new, much larger building on the 25th Street extension, between First Avenue and Idylwyld Drive. Built at a cost of $122 million, it is expected that it will serve as the central headquarters for the next 50 years.
International police peacekeeping operations
With struggling police forces worldwide there is a need for trained police officers to help training these forces. During 2009 and 2010 Constable Andrew Johnstone went to Afghanistan to train their police, and Sergeant Patrick Barbar in Kandahar, Afghanistan. Other members of the SPS have worked in other countries for other UN operations, such as Sergeant Darcel Pittman and former Deputy Chief Keith Atkinson in Kosovo in 2000.
They play widely varying roles within each mission, from patrolling streets and training police recruits to providing humanitarian assistance, ensuring security for elections and investigating human rights violations.
The Saskatoon Police Service (SPS) has two deputies reporting to the chief of police: deputy chief, Operations and deputy chief, Administration. Legal Affairs and Professional Standards Divisions also report to the chief. The Operations Branch has superintendents for Criminal Investigations and Patrol, and a public affairs manager. The Administration Branch has divisions responsible for Human Resources, Technology, Central Records and Asset Management and Finance. Each of the administrative divisions is managed by a director at the inspector level. Also reporting to the deputy chief Administration is an inspector responsible for the headquarters division. As of 2012 the SPS had 510 sworn officers, and 134 civilian positions. The ranks are as follows:
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- Robert Dunning (1905–1915)
- George Donald (1915–1946)
- Albert Milne (1946–1953)
- James Kettles (1954–1977)
- John Gibbon (1977–1982)
- Joseph Penkala (1982–1991)
- Owen Maguire (1991–1996)
- Dave Scott (1996–2001)
- Jim Matthews (2001)
- Russell Sabo (2001–2006)
- Clive Weighill (2006– )
Accusations against the Saskatoon Police Service have resulted in public inquiries. One such inquiry took place in 2006. It involved the investigation into the murder of a nursing student in Saskatoon in 1969. David Milgaard was convicted of this murder but was later cleared of this charge through DNA evidence which was unavailable at the time of his trial.
On 8 September 2003, The Commission of Inquiry into the death of Neil Stonechild began, headed by commissioner Justice David Wright. The objective of the commission was to ascertain whether Neil Stonechild was apprehended on 25 November 1990, and while in police custody, driven out of the city and abandoned. The commission was a result of allegations by Darrel Night that two Saskatoon Police Officers dropped him off outside the city in January 2000. The commission found that the two officers, Senger and Hartwig, had taken Stonechild into custody shortly before he died on the outskirts of city. No charges were laid on the two officers.
The Saskatoon Police Service has engaged in what has been called "starlight tours", the practice of taking Aboriginal men to the edge of the city in the dead of winter and abandoning them there. In January 2000, Darrel Night was dropped off on the outskirts of Saskatoon but was able to survive. The two officers involved were convicted of unlawful confinement in September 2001 and sentenced to eight months in prison. In 2003, police chief Russell Sabo admitted that there was a possibility that the force had been dumping Aboriginal people outside the city for years, after revealing that in 1976 an officer was disciplined for taking an Aboriginal woman to the outskirts of the city and abandoning her there.
Other Aboriginal men who may have been subject to "starlight tours" are Rodney Naistus, Lawrence Wegner and Neil Stonechild. Rodney Naistus and Lawrence Wegner died in 2000 and their bodies were discovered on the outskirts of Saskatchewan. However inquests in 2001 and 2002 into their deaths were unable to determine the circumstances that led to their deaths. The inquest juries made recommendations related to police policies and police force relations with Aboriginal people. Neil Stonechild's body was found in 1990 in a field outside Saskatoon. A 2003 inquest was not able to determine the circumstances that led to his death. Two officers were dismissed from the Saskatoon Police Service for their alleged involvement in this matter.
Between 2012 and 2016, the "Starlight tours" section of the Saskatoon Police Service's Wikipedia article was deleted several times. An internal investigation revealed that two of the edits originated from a computer within the police service. A spokesperson for the force denied that the removal of content was officially approved by the force. On 31 March 2016, the Saskatoon Star Phoenix reported that "Saskatoon police have confirmed that someone from inside the police department deleted references to "Starlight tours" from the Wikipedia web page about the police force." According to the report, a "...police spokeswoman acknowledged that the section on starlight tours had been deleted using a computer within the department, but said investigators were unable to pinpoint who did it." The police spokeswoman stated that the force is working to “move forward with all of the positive work that has been done, and continues to be done that came out of the Stonechild inquiry.”
- City of Saskatoon Archives. Bylaw 49, 16 January 1906.
- City of Saskatoon Archives
- City of Saskatoon Archives. Bylaw 93, 26 January 1907.
- Grant, Susan (2003). The memory box : one hundred years of policing in Saskatoon, 1903-2003. Saskatoon Police Service. p. 5. ISBN 9780973267709.
- "New Police Headquarters". Saskatoon Police Service. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- "International Peace Operations". Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
- "2011 Saskatoon Police Service Annual Report" (PDF). saskatoonpoliceservice.ca. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
- "2009 Annual Report" (PDF). Saskatoon Police Service.
- "The Wrongful Conviction of David Milgaard". CBC News. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- Brass, Mervin (2004-07-02). "Starlight Tours". cbc.ca. CBC News Online. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Neil Stonechild: Timeline". CBC News. 3 November 2005. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Saskatoon police chief admits starlight cruises are not new". Windspeaker. Aboriginal Multimedia Society of Alberta. 1 July 2003. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- Excerpts from Third Report of Canada on the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
- "Who was Neil Stonechild?". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 3 November 2005. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- Thrall, Christopher (7 April 2005). "Justice of the police". Vue Weekly. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- Zakraski, Dan (2016-03-31). "Student claims Saskatoon police removed 'starlight tours' section from Wikipedia page". CBC News. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
- "Someone at city police headquarters deleted 'starlight tour' references on its Wikipedia page". Saskatoon StarPhoenix. 31 March 2016.