Schwabinger 7

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File:Schwasi7.jpg
The original Schwabinger 7 (2009)

Schwabinger 7 or Schwabinger Sieben is a tavern in the Feilitzschstraße in the area known as Münchner Freiheit in Munich, Germany. The name comes from the neighbourhood Schwabing and the 7 is the house number of the original establishment.

History

The premise was first established in a temporary building in the backstreet during the 1950s post-war era.[1] In 1969, Gerd "Manila" Waldhauser became the owner of the establishment.[2] In 2011 plans were made to demolish the building, which brought on a grassroots movement and protest to prevent it from happening. Although many locals believed the "Kultkneipe" (literal translation from German being Cult-pub) to be a landmark, though according to Der Spiegel Schwabinger 7 was the last dirty place in Munich, it was demolished in 2012.[1] Previous owners were Fred and Ilsa Perlinger

Facility and Reputation

The dark solid wood interior of the pub was unchanged for decades and was considered a classic location for rancid people of society and punks, not fully accepted in the gentrification of Munich.[1] The Mayor of Munich, Christian Ude, denoted Schwabinger 7 as an "alcohol fuddling pub of a past period originally stationed in a construction building"[1] and Der Spiegel said it was a "gloomy dark hole in the wall".[1] Fans of the establishment nicknamed it "Schwasi".[1]

Demolition Protest

File:Schwasi7 Umzug.jpg
Schwabinger 7 before relocation (2011)
File:Schwasi7 schild.jpg
Construction sign after demolition in 2012

There were a number of protests when developers and city government made steps to demolish the building to make room for a housing development. Students organized a public campaign via social media and local activism, which brought it to the attention of the News media. The first protest garnered the attention of around 20 Journalists as well as a large number of police officers fearing an illegal gathering.[1]

Another initiative was taken up by performance artist and organizer Till Hofman. Hofmann also is part of the Münchner Lach- und Schießgesellschaft (Performance arts and comedy group in Munich) and Münchner Lustspielhaus (Munich Comedy Club). The organization led to a motto of "Save Münchner Freiheit - on behalf of a cultural Schwabing" and garnered attention of a number of artists including Hannes Ringelstetter, Georg Eggers, Willy Michl, Michael Sailer, Moses Wolff, Sven Kemmler, Frank-Markus Barwasser alias Pelzig, Andreas Rebers and Konstantin Wecker.[3] Ludwig Spaenle, as a member of the district committee, tried to make the location a historical building or a protected local landmark, but this was rejected.[4]

Bayernultras of FC Bayern also took action to save and preserve Schwabinger 7 by holding up signs at the game against Vfb Stuttgart in the Allianz Arena.[5] During the game a banner reading "Lieber in der dunkelsten Kneipe der Welt, als am hellsten Arbeitsplatz! Schwabinger 7 muss bleiben" (Better to be in the darkest pub in the world, than at the brightest workplace! Schwabinger 7 must stay!) was displayed by the "schickeria".

Comedian Michael Mittermeier, partaker in the Schwabinger Riots of 1962 and known for his distaste for certain authority,[1] remarked that "Our children will find nail salons in place where today we have our pubs" showing dismay toward the destruction of the pub by people who feel the need to replace it with newer, cleaner establishments.[6]

After the Mayor of Munich said he did not want to preserve the venue in its present state, the SPD representatives in the Landstag, German state parliament, Hans-Ulrih Pfaffmann and Franz Maget,[7] as well as the CSU,[1] agreed to demolish it in due time. The relocation of Schwabinger 7 from Feilitzschstraße 7 to Feilitzschstraße 15 included some of spolia.[1] [8]

After Demolition

Legal Problems

The project to build a five-storey building in place of the previous establishment was for a short time halted by people living in Marktstraße. The complaints were because of the height of the new building, but evidence showed that there was a large building in the location before second world war bombings of Munich. This trumped the complaint and plans were continued.[9]

Underground Bomb Found

Video of detonation

On 27 August 2012 a World War II 250 Kilogram aircraft bomb was found just one meter under the surface.[10][11] The bomb had a chemical fuse that could still have been functional and therefore could explode at any time under the right conditions.[10] The Süddeutsche Zeitung brought this up with Waldhauser (owner of the pub), and he replied, "Obviously we did not party hard enough, or else the whole place would have been flattened. This quite nearly casts a poor light on the 7!"[10] The bomb could not be defused, so a controlled explosion was performed on 28 August, which also meant that over 2500 people living in the area had to be evacuated.[12] Because of the detonation, flaming straw flew on some of the roofs of the houses, though firefighters were already prepared in case of such emergencies and extinguished the threat.[13][14] Even though it was a controlled explosion, 17 nearby houses were damaged and two heavily, making the cost of everything in the millions of euros. Windows were smashed and window frames and the façades were damaged. A fashion boutique completely burnt down.[15][16][17]

Links

References

All references are in German

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Ende einer Kult-Kneipe Servus, ranziges München Der Spiegel 29 June 2011 by Christopher Haarhaus
  2. "Schwabinger 7 – Dunkel, laut und wild". sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved 2012-08-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Franz Kotteder (2011-05-17). "Konstantin Wecker: Interview : "Sollen die Normalverdiener rausziehen?"". Süddeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved 2012-10-10. line feed character in |title= at position 29 (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Baustopp an der Kultkneipe «Schwabinger 7 Augsburger Allgemeine 28th of Februar 2012 subtext: "Die geplanten Luxuswohnungen an der Münchner Freiheit dürfen vorerst nicht weitergebaut werden. Initiative will Kultkneipe «Schwabinger 7» retten." English: The planned luxury homes at Münchner Freiheit pause building. Initiative to save Cult-pub, Schwabinger 7.
  5. „Schickeria" setzt sich für die Schwabinger 7 ein TZ 18th of Mai 2011 Munich.
  6. METROPOLEN Diese Stille Münchens legendäre Absturzkneipe Schwabinger 7 wird abgerissen. Ein Symbol für den Bedeutungsverlust der Weltstadt mit Herz? by Wolfgang Höbel, Der Spiegel 30th of Mai 2011
  7. 19. Mai 2011 Auf eine Soli-Halbe, Namen & Notizen aus der Landtags-SPD
  8. http://jetzt.sueddeutsche.de/texte/anzeigen/532455 Schwabinger Sieben Today Feilitzschstraße 15, previously Feilitzschstraße 7, closed and reopened June 2011
  9. Zu hoch, zu wuchtig Schwabinger 7: Gericht verhängt Baustopp Rudolf Huber, 28 February 2012
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "Bombenalarm in Schwabing". sueddeutsche.de. 2012-08-28. Retrieved 2012-08-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Probleme bei Entschärfung von Fliegerbombe". Spiegel Online. 2012-08-28. Retrieved 2012-08-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Zeit online am 28. August 2012: Fliegerbombe in Münchner Innenstadt gesprengt". Retrieved 2012-08-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Fliegerbombe gesprengt Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung online, 29 August 2012
  14. AZ-Live-Ticker Live-Ticker of Allgemeine Zeitung of Happenings, 29 August 2012
  15. Bomben-Sprengung richtet große Schäden an from Zeit-online
  16. Haus ausgebrannt, Modegeschäft komplett zerstört from Spiegel online, 29 August 2012
  17. Millionenschaden im verwüsteten Straßenzug from Welt online, 29 August 2012

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