Schweppes

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Schweppes
150px
Type carbonated mineral water
Manufacturer Dr Pepper Snapple Group
Country of origin Geneva (Switzerland)
Introduced 1783
Color Transparent
Website Schweppes.de

Schweppes /ˈʃvɛps/[1] is a beverage brand that is sold around the world. It includes a variety of carbonated waters and ginger ales.

History

An 1883 advertisement for Schweppes Mineral-Waters

In the late eighteenth century, Johann Jacob Schweppe developed a process to manufacture carbonated mineral water based on the discoveries of Joseph Priestley. Schweppe founded the Schweppes Company in Geneva in 1783 to sell carbonated water.[2] In 1792, he moved to London to develop the business there. In 1843, Schweppes commercialised Malvern Water at the Holywell Spring in the Malvern Hills, which was to become a favourite of the British Royal Family through to the present day.[citation needed]

In 1969, the Schweppes Company merged with Cadbury to become Cadbury Schweppes. After acquiring many other brands in the ensuing years, the company was split in 2008, with its US beverage unit becoming the Dr Pepper Snapple Group and separated from its global confectionery business (now part of Mondelēz International).[3] The Dr Pepper Snapple Group is the current owner of the Schweppes trademark.

Mainstay Schweppes products include ginger ale (1870),[citation needed] bitter lemon (1957),[4] and tonic water (the oldest soft drink in the world – 1771).[5][6][7]

Marketing

During the 1920s and 1930s the artist William Barribal created a range of posters for Schweppes.[8] In 1945 the advertising agency S.T.Garland Advertising Service Ltd., London coined the word 'Schweppervescence' which was first used the following year. Thereafter it was used extensively in advertisements produced by Garlands who sold copyright of this word to the Schweppes Company for £150 five years later when they relinquished the account.

An ad campaign in the 1950s and 1960s featured a real-life veteran British naval officer named Commander Whitehead, who described the product's bubbly flavour (effervescence) as "Schweppervescence".[9]

Another campaign made use of onomatopoeia in their commercials: "Schhh… You know who." after the sound of the gas escaping as one opens the bottle.[10][11]

References

  1. "Schweppes Ginger Beer advertisement". The New Yorker: 115. 25 March 1950. (rhymes with peps)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Morgenthaler, Jeffrey (2014). Bar Book: Elements of Cocktail Technique. Chronicle Books. p. 54.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Cadbury plc Demerger" (Press release). Cadbury plc. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Schweppes Bitter Lemon". Retrieved 9 November 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "nous sommes en 1783 – Archives de la Tribune de Geneve". Archives.tdg.ch. Retrieved 10 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  6. Rosenheck, Jackie (February 2011). "The quest for quinine". Doctor's Review. Retrieved 23 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Fiedler, Jennifer (14 October 2014). "The Essential Bar Book: An A-to-Z Guide to Spirits, Cocktails, and Wine, with 115 Recipes for the World's Great Drinks". Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony. Retrieved 23 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Simmons, Douglas A. (1983). Schweppes® The First 200 Years. London: Springwood Books. ISBN 0-86254-104-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Advertising Mascots > Commander Whitehead (Schweppes Tonic Water)". Tv Acres. Retrieved 10 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Schweppes Tonic Water TV Advert by O & M". Youtube. Retrieved 7 March 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Schweppes- Für die Macher von heuter". Youtube. Retrieved 2 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links