Second conflict in the Goryeo–Khitan War

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Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'strict' not found. The Second Goryeo-Khitan War was an 11th-century conflict between the kingdom of Goryeo and the Liao dynasty (the Khitan Empire) near what is now the border between China and North Korea. It was the second of the Goryeo-Khitan Wars, with the First Goryeo-Khitan War occurring in 993, the second in 1010, and the third in 1018.

When King Seongjong died in 997, Liao invested his successor Wang Song as king of Goryeo (King Mokjong, r. 997-1009).[1] In 1009, he was assassinated by the forces of the general Gang Jo.[2] Using it as a pretext, the Liao attacked Goryeo in the next year.[3] They lost the first battle but won the second one, and Gang Jo was captured and killed.[4] The Liao occupied and burnt the Goryeo capital Kaesong.[5][6][7] The Khitan withdrew after Goryeo reaffirmed its tributary relationship with the Khitan.[8]

See also

Notes

  1. Twitchett & Tietze 1994, p.104.
  2. Hyun 2013, p. 191.
  3. Twitchett & Tietze 1994, p. 111: "The Khitan sent an expeditionary army ... to punish the murderer of their former vassal".
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named TT111
  5. Simons 1995, p. 95: "a prelude to more invasions during the reign of King Hyonjong (1010-1031) and the occupation of Kaesong, the Koryo capital."
  6. Hatada, Smith Jr & Hazard 1969, p. 52: "in the reign of King Hyŏnjong (1010-1031) there were numerous Khitan invasions, and even the capital Kaesŏng was occupied."
  7. Ebrey & Walthall 2014, [1], p. 171, at Google Books: "In 1010, on the pretext that the rightful king had been deposed without the approval of the Liao court, the Khitan emperor personally led an attack that culminated in the burning of the Goryeo capital."
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named S93

References

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