September 1963

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The following events occurred in September 1963:

September 1, 1963 (Sunday)

September 2, 1963 (Monday)

  • At 6:30 pm New York time, Walter Cronkite introduced the CBS Evening News with the statement, "Good evening from our CBS newsroom in New York, on this, the first broadcast of network television's first half-hour news program." The first show included a pre-recorded segment of Cronkite's interview with U.S. President Kennedy. Previously, the three networks ran their daily national news for fifteen minutes.[4] NBC would inaugurate its half hour news program a week later, although ABC would not follow suit until 1967.[5]
  • Born: Robbie Buhl, American Indy Racing League competitor and team-owner, in Detroit
  • Died: Fazlollah Zahedi, 70, former Prime Minister of Iran (1953–1955)

September 3, 1963 (Tuesday)

September 4, 1963 (Wednesday)

  • Swissair Flight 306, a jet airliner on its way to Rome, crashed shortly after takeoff from Zurich, killing all 80 people on board, including 43 persons from the tiny village of Humlikon.[9] The plane, a Sud Aviation Caravelle, caught fire and came down near the town of Dürrenäsch.
  • Sennin Buraku becomes the first late night anime broadcast on Japanese television.
  • For the first time ever, black students registered at white schools in the segregated state of Alabama;[10] in some places, they faced State Troopers deployed by Governor George Wallace to prevent integration.[11][12] That night, the bombing of a black household in Birmingham triggered a riot, and a black 20-year-old was shot to death by police.[13]
  • Died: Robert Schuman, 77, Luxembourg-born politician, twice Prime Minister of France

September 5, 1963 (Thursday)

September 6, 1963 (Friday)

September 7, 1963 (Saturday)

September 8, 1963 (Sunday)

September 9, 1963 (Monday)

September 10, 1963 (Tuesday)

  • For the first time in the history of Major League Baseball, three brothers appeared for the same team in a game. Felipe Alou, Jesús Alou and Matty Alou took the outfield (at right, center and left field, respectively) for the San Francisco Giants against the New York Mets. In the 8th inning, Jesús, Matty and Felipe came up to bat in consecutive order, and were all struck out by Mets pitcher Carl Willey; the Mets won 4-2.[19]
  • Italian Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano was indicted for murder. Eight days later, he would become a fugitive,[20] and would not be captured until 43 years later, on April 11, 2006.[21]
  • U.S. President Kennedy issued an executive order that exempted married American men from being drafted.[22]

September 11, 1963 (Wednesday)

  • A chartered Vickers 610 Viking airplane, flying from London to Perpignan, France, crashed into the side of the Roc de la Roquette, a mountain in the Pyrennes Range, killing all 40 people on board. All 36 passengers were British tourists[23] Earlier in the day, another Vickers airplane, and Indian Airlines Viscount turboprop, crashed while en route from Nagpur to New Delhi, killing all 18 people on board.[24]
  • The Virginia Supreme Court ruled that a state law, requiring segregated seating in publicly owned ballparks, was unconstitutional.[25]
  • Died: Suzanne Duchamp, 73, French Dadaist painter and sister of Marcel Duchamp

September 12, 1963 (Thursday)

September 13, 1963 (Friday)

September 14, 1963 (Saturday)

September 15, 1963 (Sunday)

September 16, 1963 (Monday)

September 17, 1963 (Tuesday)

  • In Iran's Parliamentary elections, the New Iran Party won 140 of the 200 seats. The party's leader, Hassan Ali Mansur, would become the new Prime Minister.
  • Near the town of Chualar, California, a truck carrying 56 migrant farm workers, mostly from Mexico, was struck by a train as it was returning from a celery field at the end of the day. Twenty-two of the men died at the scene, and another ten died of their injuries later.[45]
  • On television, David Janssen made his first appearance in the title role of The Fugitive, portraying Dr. Richard Kimble, a physician who had wrongfully been convicted of murder. Barry Morse portrayed Indiana detective Philip Gerard, whose relentless pursuit of Kimble would end with the series finale on August 29, 1967.[46]

September 18, 1963 (Wednesday)

  • Rioters burned down the British Embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, in protest at the formation of Malaysia.[47]
  • The first flight of the ASSET project, (Aerothermodynamic-elastic Structural Systems Environmental Tests), a winged space payload vehicle, was carried out, to develop a manned spacecraft which could return from orbit and land on a runway.[48]
  • The Patty Duke Show premiered on television, with actress Patty Duke playing two roles as "identical cousins". Camera tricks allowed Duke to appear as both Patty Lane and her look-alike cousin Cathy Lane.
  • The last sports event took place at the Polo Grounds in New York City, with baseball's New York Mets losing to the Philadelphia Phillies, 5-1 before a crowd of only 1,752 people.[49] When the game ended, the fans ran onto the field, vandalizing the scoreboard and the sod on the field, as well as some of the seats in the stadium, which was scheduled to be torn down in 1964.[50]

September 19, 1963 (Thursday)

September 20, 1963 (Friday)

  • At the United Nations, U.S. President John F. Kennedy proposed a joint moon mission between the US and the Soviet Union.[53] The Soviet Union Communist Party newspaper Pravda reported the speech, but commented that the idea as "premature". Kennedy would die two months later, and Soviet Chairman Khrushchev would be deposed within 13 months, and the United States would proceed alone in its lunar program.[54]
  • The first successful prenatal blood transfusion in history was performed in New Zealand at the National Women's Hospital at Auckland. Dr. William Liley carried out the transfusion on the unborn son of a woman identified only as "Mrs. E. McLeod" in order to treat the fetus for hemolytic disease.[55]

September 21, 1963 (Saturday)

September 22, 1963 (Sunday)

September 23, 1963 (Monday)

September 24, 1963 (Tuesday)

  • The U.S. Senate ratified the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty by an overwhelming majority, 80-19, fourteen more than the two-thirds majority required by the U.S. Constitution.[60] John F. Kennedy considered the ratification of the treaty, which would go into effect on October 11, the greatest achievement of his presidency, according to aide Theodore Sorensen.[61]
  • Yaakov Herzog, a deputy at the Foreign Ministry of Israel, secretly met in London with King Hussein of Jordan, beginning a dialogue between the two neighboring nations that were, officially, enemies. King Hussein had suggested the meeting, explaining later that "One had to break that barrier... whether it led anywhere or not." [62]
  • The rural-themed situation comedy Petticoat Junction premiered on CBS television as a spinoff of the hit comedy The Beverly Hillbillies.
  • Eighteen people were killed and twelve seriously injured in the explosion of a fireworks factory at the Italian city of Caserta. The factory owner, who was killed in the blast, had reportedly been asking the employees to rush to produce additional fireworks for the festival of Saint Michael the Archangel.[63]

September 25, 1963 (Wednesday)

September 26, 1963 (Thursday)

  • T. S. Eliot's Collected Poems 1909–1962, selected by the author, were published on his 75th birthday.
  • After only one day on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, bank robber Carl Close was arrested by local authorities in Anderson, South Carolina. Close had just robbed a branch of the First National Bank in Anderson, and was stopped by a detective three minutes later while trying to commandeer another car.[70]
  • A 38-year-old man from Waynesville, North Carolina, crashed his pickup truck through the closed iron gates of the White House, stopping short of hitting the building. The unarmed man, who reportedly demanded to see President Kennedy and shouted that "the Communists are taking over in North Carolina", was taken to a hospital for observation. The President was out at the time.[71]
  • Born: Vladimír Chovan, Slovak politician; Joe Nemechek, American NASCAR driver and owner, in Lakeland, Florida

September 27, 1963 (Friday)

September 28, 1963 (Saturday)

  • Jim Morrison, a 19-year-old student at Florida State University and future founder of the rock group The Doors, was arrested for the first of six times, after he and his friends stole items from a Tallahassee Police Department cruiser. Morrison spent a night in jail, then paid a fifty dollar fine and continued his studies at FSU.[74]
  • Born: Wei Wei, Mongolian pop singer, in Hohhot

September 29, 1963 (Sunday)

September 30, 1963 (Monday)

  • The Pantone Color Matching System, developed in the United States, was introduced and would become "a de facto international colour standard" for printing companies around the world.[77]


  1. Official Year Book of Australia No. 61, 1975 and 1976, R. J. Cameron, ed. (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1976) p186
  2. Dmitri Volkogonov, Lenin: Life and Legacy (HarperCollins, 1994) p446
  3. "Protests are held over nuclear subs", Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 2 September 1963.
  4. Gary Edgerton, The Columbia History of American Television (Columbia University Press, 2010) p230
  5. Douglass K. Daniel, Harry Reasoner: A Life in the News (University of Texas Press, 2007) p87
  6. The date conforms to the data published in 陳鎮輝,《武俠小說逍遙談》, 2000, 匯智出版有限公司, pg. 58.
  7. Jack Rabin, Handbook of Public Personnel Administration (CRC Press, 1995) p358
  8. USInflation
  9. "Swiss Plane Crashes, 80 Die", Miami News, September 4, 1963, p1
  10. "Negroes to School With White Tots", Nevada Daily Mail, 4 September 1963.
  11. "Troopers Rush to Birmingham", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 4 September 1963.
  12. "Police Bar Negroes From Schools", Glasgow Herald, 7 September 1963.
  13. "Birmingham Rioting Leaves Negro Dead", 5 September 1963.
  14. "History Of The Pro Football Hall Of Fame"
  15. "Constitution of 1963", Phillip C. Naylor, Historical Dictionary of Algeria (Scarecrow Press, 2006) p179
  16. Peter D. Scott, Deep Politics and the Death of JFK (University of California Press, 1996) p37
  17. "News— NBC", in The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows: 1946-Present, Tim Brooks and Earle F. Marsh, eds. (Random House Digital, 2010) p852
  18. UN website
  19. "3 Alous In Line-Up Set Record", Milwaukee Sentinel, September 11, 1963, p2-3
  20. "Gangster No 1", The Guardian, April 23, 2001
  21. "Italian Mafia boss, Bernardo Provenzano, is arrested", New York Times, April 11, 2006
  22. "Draft Days Are Over For Married Men", Miami News, September 10, 1963, p1
  23. "French Plane Crash Kills 40", Miami News, September 12, 1963, p1
  24. "Indian Air Crash Kills 18", Miami News, September 11, 1963, p1
  25. Bruce Adelson, Brushing Back Jim Crow: The Integration of Minor-League Baseball in the American South (University of Virginia Press, 1999) p245
  26. Armağan Emre Çakır, ed., Fifty Years of EU-Turkey Relations: A Sisyphean Story (Taylor & Francis, 2010) p4
  27. Malcolm Evans and Rachel Murray, The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights: The System in Practice 1986–2006 (Cambridge University Press, 2008) p2
  28. "Mary Kay Ash", American National Business Hall of Fame
  29. Allan Kent Powell, The Utah Guide (3rd Edition) (Fulcrum Publishing, 2003) p408
  30. Philip H. Melanson, The Secret Service: The Hidden History of an Enigmatic Agency (Basic Books, 2005) p61
  31. "Gould, Elliott", in The Barbra Streisand Scrapbook, Allison J. Wladman, ed. (Citadel Press, 2001) p21
  32. Edward McWhinney, Aerial Piracy and International Terrorism: The Illegal Diversion of Aircraft and International Law (Martinus Nijhoff, 1987) p40
  33. "Calling Warlord Agents!",
  34. David Seargent, The Greatest Comets of History: Broom Stars and Celestial Scimitars (Springer, 1979) p206
  35. "Mary Ann Fischer, Whose Quintuplets Were a U.S. First, Dies at 79", New York Times, December 14, 2012
  36. "Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing", in The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Gus Martin, ed. (SAGE, 2011) p545
  37. Henry Hampton and Steve Fayer, Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s (Random House Digital, 2011)
  38. "BOMB KILLS 4 NEGRO GIRLS", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 16, 1963, p1
  39. Jackie Sheckler Finch, It Happened in Alabama: Remarkable Events That Shaped History (Globe Pequot, 2011) p102; "Birmingham's Painful Past Reopened", Los Angeles Times, April 14, 2001
  40. Martin Evans and John Phillips, Algeria: Anger of the Dispossessed (Yale University Press, 2007) p74
  41. Christopher Winn, I Never Knew That About London (Macmillan, 2012) p96
  42. Boon Kheng Cheah, Malaysia: The Making of a Nation (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2002) p93
  43. "Birth Of Malaysia Sets Off Riots", Miami News, September 16, 1963, p1
  44. Jeffrey Sconce, Haunted Media: Electronic Presence from Telegraphy to Television (Duke University Press, 2000) p139
  45. "27 Farm Workers Killed In California Train-Bus Crash", Miami News, September 18, 1963, p7
  46. Bill Deane, Following the Fugitive: An Episode Guide And Handbook to the 1960s Television Series (McFarland, 2006) p4
  47. Peter Busch, All the Way With JFK?: Britain, the US, and the Vietnam War (Oxford University Press, 2003) p174
  48. "U.S. Launches Winged Spaceship", Miami News, September 18, 1963, p1
  49. 49.0 49.1 Bill Chuck, Jim Kaplan, Walk Offs, Last Licks, and Final Outs: Baseball's Grand (and Not-So-Grand) Finales (ACTA Publications, 2008) p130, p200
  50. Jason D. Antos, Images of Baseball: Shea Stadium (Arcadia Publishing, 2007) p11
  51. Tamara L. Brown, et al., African American Fraternities and Sororities: The Legacy and the Vision (University Press of Kentucky, Feb 17, 2012) p379; "Iota At A Glance",
  52. Christoph Bluth, Soviet Strategic Arms Policy Before SALT (Cambridge University Press, 1992) p77
  53. "JFK PROPOSES JOINT MOON SHOT", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 16, 1963, p1; Matt's Today in History
  54. Steven J. Dick and Roger D. Launius, Societal Impact of Spaceflight (Government Printing Office, 2009) p34
  55. Patrick Robertson, Robertson's Book of Firsts: Who Did What for the First Time (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2011); "Albert William Liley (1929–1983)", in The Embryo Project Encyclopedia, Arizona State University
  56. Leong Sze Lee, Retrospect on the Dust-Laden History: The Past and Present of Tekong Island in Singapore (World Scientific, 2011) p67
  57. "Morgan, Joe Leonard", in The Sports Hall of Fame Encyclopedia: Baseball, Basketball, Football, Hockey, Soccer, Dave Blevins, ed. (Scarecrow Press, 2011) p693
  58. G. S. Prentzas, Race Car Legends: Mario Andretti (Infobase Publishing, 2007) p32
  59. Heonik Kwon, The 'Other' Cold War (Columbia University Press, 2010) p180
  60. "Senate Ratifies Test Ban Pact By Vote of 80-19", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 25, 1963, p1
  61. Ronald E. Powaski, March to Armageddon: The United States and the Nuclear Arms Race, 1939 to the Present (Oxford University Press, 1987) pp111-112
  62. Avi Shlaim, The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World (W. W. Norton & Company, 2001) p226
  63. "Fireworks Blast Kills 18", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 25, 1963, p1
  64. "Army Overthrows Bosch", Miami News, September 25, 1963, p1
  65. "Dominicans Pick 3 To Lead Nation", Pittsburgh Press, September 26, 1963, p1
  66. "HOUSE PASSES INCOME TAX CUT", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 26, 1963, p1
  67. Michael Meagher and Larry D. Gragg, John F. Kennedy: A Biography: A Biography (ABC-CLIO, 2011) p119
  68. "Macmillan Cleared In Sex Scandal", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 26, 1963, p1
  69. "Gerhardsen, Einar", in The A to Z of Norway, Jan Sjåvik, ed. (Scarecrow Press, 2010) p86
  70. "Fugitive Robber Put on 'Top 10'", Bakersfield (CA) Californian, September 26, 1963, p7; "FBI's Latest'List' Addition Captured", Bakersfield (CA) Californian, September 27, 1963, p5
  71. "Driver Sees Red, Crashes White House", Pittsburgh Press, September 26, 1963, p1
  72. "Mets Thump Rookies", San Antonio Express And News, September 28, 1963, p5-B
  73. The Warren Commission Report (Government Printing Office, 1964) p413
  74. Stephen Davis, Jim Morrison: Life, Death, Legend (Penguin, 2005) p42
  75. John-Peter Pham, Heirs of the Fisherman: Behind the Scenes of Papal Death and Succession (Oxford University Press, 2004) p xxii
  76. Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, The Congo: From Leopold to Kabila: A People's History (Zed Books, 2002) p125
  77. David Whitbread, The Design Manual (University of New South Wales Press, 2009) pp290–291