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Seraye is a former province of Eritrea. It has since been incorporated primarily into the Debub Region, though some western districts have become part of the Gash-Barka Region. It is believed that the name of the province is from the "dark forests" which once thrived on its fertile ground.[1]

Today the region is home to twelve monasteries of the Eritrean Orthodox Church as well as a number of new factories in the town of Mendefera.


  • Tsilima
  • Debub
  • Guetsi'a
  • Mai Tse'ada
  • Meraguz
  • Kohain
  • Gundet
  • Aila
  • Sefa'a
  • Arfe Grotto
  • Deqi Digna
  • Deqi Aites
  • Zeban Ona
  • Dembelas
  • Zaid Akolom
  • Anaghr
  • Medri Wedi Sebera
  • Kuno Reda
  • Etan Zere
  • Medri Felasi


Serae was a region of the Kingdom of Dmt, which would evolve in the Kingdom of Axum. During the period of Aksum, the region became a successful trading region as it lay between the Red Sea port of Adulis, Asmara, and Axum. Beja people, in the 640 A.C., were obliged to go away from Egypt to the south. Then they attacked all the axumite regions, Eritrean lowlands and the Red Sea and they extended their power to all Eritrea. Only the highlands regions, Hamasien, Serae and Akele Guzai, were autonomous from the Beja power.[2]


  1. Killion, Tom (1998). Historical Dictionary of Eritrea. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3437-5. 
  2. The Cambridge History of Africa, Roland Anthony Oliver, J.D. Fage. pg 101

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