|Sergei Borisovich Ivanov
Серге́й Бори́сович Ивано́в
Sergei Ivanov in May 2015
|Chief of the Presidential Administration of Russia|
|Prime Minister||Vladimir Putin
|Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation|
12 May 2008 – December 2011
|First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation|
15 February 2007 – 12 May 2008
Serving with Dmitry Medvedev
|Prime Minister||Mikhail Fradkov
|Preceded by||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Succeeded by||Viktor Zubkov
|Minister of Defense|
28 March 2001 – 15 February 2007
|Preceded by||Igor Sergeyev|
|Succeeded by||Anatoliy Serdyukov|
|Security Council of the Russian Federation|
15 November 1999 – 28 March 2001
|Preceded by||Vladimir Putin|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Rushailo|
31 January 1953 |
Leningrad, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||Leningrad State University|
|Allegiance|| Soviet Union
|Service/branch||KGB, FIS, FSB|
|Years of service||1975–2000|
Sergei Borisovich Ivanov (Russian: Серге́й Бори́сович Ивано́в; IPA: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej bɐˈrʲisəvʲɪtɕ ɪvɐˈnof]; born 31 January 1953) is a Russian senior official and statesman. He was Minister of Defense of Russia from March 2001 to February 2007, Deputy Prime Minister from November 2005 to February 2007, and the First Deputy Prime Minister from February 2007 to May 2008. After the election of Dmitry Medvedev as President of Russia, Ivanov was reappointed a deputy prime minister in Vladimir Putin's second government. Since December 2011 he is the Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office.
Before joining the federal administration in Moscow, Ivanov, a fluent speaker of English, served from the late 1970s in Europe and in Africa as a specialist in law and foreign languages. As an employee of the KGB in Soviet Union era he became a friend of his then colleague Vladimir Putin, who appointed him as his deputy in the late 1990s.
Youth, education, and early career
Ivanov was born in Leningrad. In 1975 he graduated from the English translation branch of the Department of Philology at Leningrad State University, where he majored in English and Swedish. In the late 1970s Ivanov began a two decades career on the staff of the external intelligence service. In 1976 he completed postgraduate studies in counterintelligence, graduating from Higher Courses of the KGB in Minsk.
Career in Moscow
In August 1998, Vladimir Putin became head of the FSB, and appointed Ivanov his deputy. As deputy director of the Federal Security Service, Ivanov solidified his reputation in Moscow as a competent analyst in matters of domestic and external security.
Head of the Security Council
On 15 November 1999 Ivanov was appointed secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, an advisory body charged with formulating presidential directives on national security, by Boris Yeltsin. In that position, Ivanov replaced Putin as Yeltsin's national security adviser upon Putin's promotion to the premiership.
As secretary, Ivanov was responsible for coordinating the daily work of the council, led by the president. But Ivanov's role as secretary was initially unclear to media observers. At the time of his appointment, the Security Council was a relatively new institution. (The council was set up by Yeltsin's tutelage in 1991–1992). Between 1992 and Ivanov's appointment in 1999, Yeltsin used the council as political expediency had dictated, but had not allowed it to emerge as a relatively strong and autonomous institution. Ivanov's predecessors in that post, including Putin, according to Western analysts, were either the second most powerful political figure in Russia or the just another functionary lacking close access to the center of state power, depending on their relationship with Yeltsin.
Minister of Defense
Ivanov was named by Vladimir Putin, who had succeeded Yeltsin as President on 31 December 1999, as Russia's Minister of Defense in March 2001. That month Ivanov stepped down as secretary of the Defense, but remained a member. Ivanov had resigned from military service around a year earlier, and was a civilian while serving as secretary of the Security Council. Ivanov therefore became Russia's first civilian Defense minister. Putin called the personnel changes in Russia's security structures coinciding with Ivanov's appointment as Defense minister "a step toward demilitarizing public life." Putin also stressed Ivanov's responsibility for overseeing military reform as Defense minister.
Unsurprisingly to specialists on Russia, Ivanov became bogged down in the sheer difficulty of his duties as Deputy Prime Minister. But despite bureaucratic inertia and corruption in the military, Ivanov did preside over some changes the form of a shift towards a more professional army. Although Ivanov was not successful in abandoning the draft, he did downsize it.
On May 2001, Ivanov was elected chairman of the Council of Commonwealth of Independent States Defense Ministers.
In October 2003 Sergei Ivanov claimed that Russia did not rule out a pre-emptive military strike anywhere in the world if the national interest demands it.
In 2004, Sergei Ivanov, then acting Defense Minister, pledged state support to the suspects in Chechen leader Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev's assassination detained in Qatar and declared that their imprisonment was illegal. Later Qatari prosecutors concluded that the suspects had received the order to eliminate Zelimkhan Yandarbiev from Sergei Ivanov personally.
In January 2006, Ivanov received criticism for his downplaying response to the public outcry over a particularly brutal hazing incident at a military base in the Urals, which involved Andrey Sychyov as a victim, whose legs and genitals were amputated due to the vicious beatings and abuse.
From time to time Ivanov has disconcerted Western audiences with the bluntness of his remarks on international military and political issues, though his political orientation is moderate and generally liberal on economic issues. In a series of public comments on the 2003–2004 elections, for instance, he unequivocally stated his opposition to rolling back the Western-style economic reforms and privatizations of the 1990s.
On 15 December 2006, in Moscow, Sergei Ivanov said to foreign correspondents about Alexander Litvinenko, poisoned in London in November, which made headlines in the West: "For us, Litvinenko was nothing. We didn't care what he said and what he wrote on his deathbed."
Deputy Prime Minister
In November 2005 Ivanov was appointed to the post of Deputy Prime Minister in Mikhail Fradkov's Second Cabinet, with added responsibility for the Manufacturing industry and arms exports. On 15 February 2007 Putin elevated Ivanov to the post of First Deputy Prime Minister and relieved him of his duties as Defense Minister; he was appointed as First Deputy Prime Minister with responsibility over defense industry, aerospace industry, nanotechnology and transport. In June 2007 Ivanov was appointed chairman of the Government Council for Nanotechnology.
2008 presidential election
Because of his popularity with voters, Putin's endorsement was expected to help his preferred candidate, according to opinion polls and Russian political analysts. This speculation was intensified in November 2005 by Ivanov's promotion to the rank of Deputy Prime Minister. The speculation was further intensified in February 2007 by Ivanov's promotion to the post of First Deputy Prime Minister, but they ceased after his colleague Dmitry Medvedev was nominated to run for presidency with Putin's backing. Ivanov expressed his support for Medvedev's candidacy as well.
Ivanov's career, in terms of his background and rise through Russia's state structures, has often been compared to Putin's, fueling speculation that Ivanov might run for president in 2008. Three months younger than Putin, Ivanov had been a student contemporary of Putin's in their hometown of Leningrad where both completed competitive specialized secondary education programs (Putin in chemistry, Ivanov in English language) before attending Leningrad State University. Both completed postgraduate studies in counterintelligence; and both joined the foreign intelligence service shortly afterward. However, according to Ivanov's recollections, he did not become acquainted with Putin during their years as students, but rather when both were assigned to work in the same foreign intelligence division in Leningrad.
Chief of Staff
He married in 1976 and has two children.
On 20 May 2005, a Volkswagen driven by Ivanov's eldest son Alexander (1977–2014) struck and killed a 68-year-old woman, Svetlana Beridze, on a zebra crossing. Charges against him were, however, dropped. Alexander Ivanov died on 3 November 2014, he drowned in the sea in United Arab Emirates.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sergei Ivanov.|
- Interview with Sergei Ivanov, in Hardtalk (BBC).
- Sergei Ivanov Biography at spb.ru
- "Russian Defense Minister Arrives In Kyrgyzstan"
- Иванов, Сергей — Руководитель администрации президента России. Lenta.ru (Russian)
- Biography by Vladimir Pribylovsky (in Russian).
- Russia Profile – Who's Who?
- Heikki Hellman: Who remembers 2nd Secretary Ivanov?. hs.fi 3 April 2007 (archived 2007-06-22)
- Aleksei Makarkin, Valeria Sycheva: Putin's Electoral Staff Opens Inside Ministry of Defense. Segodnya, p. 2 Russian Press Digest, 16 November 1999
- Finn, Peter. "Russian Leader Expands Powers of a Possible Successor". The Washington Post.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "The Russia Index 2006–50 Key Players in Business and Politics" (PDF). p. 19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 June 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Russia bares its military teeth, BBC News, 2 October 2003.
- Sergei Ivanov has promised to strive for discharge of the Russian prisoners in Qatar. Lenta.ru, 3 March 2004 (in Russian).
- Sergei Ivanov Tied to the Case of the Russians in Qatar by Mikhail Zygar. Kommersant, 13 April 2004.
- Russian Soldier Brutally Hazed CBS News
- Washington Post (30 January 2006) — Violent Bullying of Russian Conscript Exposed
- Hazing Trial Bares Dark Side of Russia's Military, The New York Times, 11 August 2006
- Poisoned Spy’s Wife Says He Feared Kremlin’s Long Reach by Alan Cowell, The New York Times, 17 December 2006.
Sergei Ivanov told about Litvinenko’s "bad reputation", Lenta.ru, 16 December 2006 (in Russian).
- "Putin Promotes Sergei Ivanov to First Deputy Premier (Update3)". Bloomberg. 15 February 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ivanov had prior knowledge of Medvedev’s nomination
- Ivanov Leads, Zubkov Negligible in Russia
- Levada Center poll: 2008 elections (in Russian)
- Andrew E. Kramer (December 28, 2011). "Political Promotions in Russia Appear to Belie President's Promise of Reform". The New York Times. Retrieved December 30, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Russian motorists enraged by elite's flashing blue lights by Adrian Blomfield, The Daily Telegraph, 13 February 2006.
, The St. Petersburg Times, 25 November 2005.
Sergei Ivanov. Biography by Vladimir Pribylovsky (in Russian).
- Сын Сергея Иванова погиб в ОАЭ
|Secretary of the Security Council of Russia
|Defence Minister of the Russian Federation
|Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
with Alexander Zhukov
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
with Dmitry Medvedev
|Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
with Alexander Zhukov, Alexei Kudrin,
Igor Sechin and Sergey Sobyanin