Shafi Goldwasser
Shafi Goldwasser  

Born  Shafrira Goldwasser 1958 (age 59–60) New York City 
Nationality  Israeli American 
Fields  Computer science, cryptography 
Institutions  
Alma mater  
Thesis  Probabilistic Encryption: Theory and Applications (1984) 
Doctoral advisor  Manuel Blum^{[1]} 
Doctoral students 

Known for  
Notable awards 

Website 
Shafrira Goldwasser (Hebrew: שפרירה גולדווסר; born 1958) is an Americanborn Israeli computer scientist. She is a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at MIT, and a professor of mathematical sciences at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel.^{[4]}^{[5]}^{[6]}^{[7]}
Biography
Born in New York City, Goldwasser obtained her B.S. (1979) in mathematics and science from Carnegie Mellon University, and M.S. (1981) and PhD (1984) in computer science from the University of California, Berkeley under the supervision of Manuel Blum, who is well known for advising some of the most prominent researchers in the field. She joined MIT in 1983, and in 1997 became the first holder of the RSA Professorship. She became a professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science, concurrent to her professorship at MIT, in 1993. She is a member of the Theory of Computation group at MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.^{[8]} Goldwasser was a corecipient of the 2012 Turing Award.^{[9]}
Scientific career
Goldwasser's research areas include computational complexity theory, cryptography and computational number theory. She is the coinventor of zeroknowledge proofs, which probabilistically and interactively demonstrate the validity of an assertion without conveying any additional knowledge, and are a key tool in the design of cryptographic protocols. Her work in complexity theory includes the classification of approximation problems, showing that some problems in NP remain hard even when only an approximate solution is needed.
Awards
Goldwasser has twice won the Gödel Prize in theoretical computer science: first in 1993 (for "The knowledge complexity of interactive proof systems"),^{[10]} and again in 2001 (for "Interactive Proofs and the Hardness of Approximating Cliques").^{[11]} Other awards include the ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award (1996) for outstanding young computer professional of the year and the RSA Award in Mathematics (1998) for outstanding mathematical contributions to cryptography. In 2001 she was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, in 2004 she was elected to the National Academy of Science, and in 2005 to the National Academy of Engineering. She was selected as an IACR Fellow in 2007. Goldwasser received the 20082009 Athena Lecturer Award of the Association for Computing Machinery's Committee on Women in Computing.^{[12]} She is the recipient of The Franklin Institute's 2010 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science.^{[13]} She received the IEEE Emanuel R. Piore Award in 2011, and was awarded the 2012 Turing Award along with Silvio Micali for their work in the field of cryptography.^{[14]}
References
 ↑ ^{1.0} ^{1.1} Shafi Goldwasser at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 ↑ Goldwasser, S.; Micali, S.; Rivest, R. L. (1988). "A Digital Signature Scheme Secure Against Adaptive ChosenMessage Attacks". SIAM Journal on Computing. 17 (2): 281. doi:10.1137/0217017.
 ↑ Savage, N. (2013). "Proofs probable: Shafi Goldwasser and Silvio Micali laid the foundations for modern cryptography, with contributions including interactive and zeroknowledge proofs". Communications of the ACM. 56 (6): 22. doi:10.1145/2461256.2461265.
 ↑ Exponent: Shafi Goldwasser Archived September 27, 2010 at the Wayback Machine
 ↑ Shafi Goldwasser from the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Digital Library
 ↑ Shafi Goldwasser's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier.
 ↑ Goldwasser, S.; Micali, S. (1984). "Probabilistic encryption". Journal of Computer and System Sciences. 28 (2): 270. doi:10.1016/00220000(84)900709.
 ↑ "Shafi Goldwasser Biography". www.BookRags.com.
 ↑ AbAbazorius, CSAIL (13 March 2013). "Goldwasser and Micali win Turing Award". MIT News.
 ↑ Goldwasser, S.; Micali, S.; Rackoff, C. (1985). "The knowledge complexity of interactive proofsystems". Proceedings of the seventeenth annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing  STOC '85. p. 291. ISBN 0897911512. doi:10.1145/22145.22178.
 ↑ Feige, U.; Goldwasser, S.; Lovász, L.; Safra, S.; Szegedy, M. (1996). "Interactive proofs and the hardness of approximating cliques". Journal of the ACM. 43 (2): 268–292. doi:10.1145/226643.226652.
 ↑ "Home". weizmann.ac.il.
 ↑ News Office (21 October 2009). "Goldwasser, Stubbe named Franklin Institute laureates". MIT News.
 ↑ "Goldwasser, Micali Receive ACM Turing Award for Advances in Cryptography". ACM. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
 Articles containing Hebrewlanguage text
 1958 births
 20thcentury mathematicians
 21stcentury mathematicians
 American computer scientists
 American emigrants to Israel
 Carnegie Mellon University alumni
 Gödel Prize laureates
 Grace Murray Hopper Award laureates
 Israeli computer scientists
 Israeli Jews
 Jewish American scientists
 Massachusetts Institute of Technology faculty
 Members of the United States National Academy of Engineering
 Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences
 Modern cryptographers
 Naturalized citizens of Israel
 Living people
 People from New York City
 Theoretical computer scientists
 Turing Award laureates
 University of California, Berkeley alumni
 Weizmann Institute faculty
 Women mathematicians
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 International Association for Cryptologic Research fellows
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