Shenandoah County, Virginia

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Shenandoah County, Virginia
Shenandoah County Courthouse Woodstock VA Nov 11.jpg
Shenandoah County Courthouse in Woodstock, Virginia
Seal of Shenandoah County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Shenandoah County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1772
Named for Senedos Indian tribe
Seat Woodstock
Largest town Strasburg
 • Total 512 sq mi (1,326 km2)
 • Land 509 sq mi (1,318 km2)
 • Water 3.4 sq mi (9 km2), 0.7%
 • (2010) 41,993
 • Density 67/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Shenandoah County (formerly Dunmore County) is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,993.[1] Its county seat is Woodstock.[2] It is part of the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia.


The Senedos, possibly an Iroquoian group, are thought to have occupied the area at one time, until they were said to have been slaughtered by the Catawba in the later 17th century. The name of both the Valley and of the County is most likely connected with this Native American group. It has also been attributed to General George Washington naming it in honor of John Skenando, an Oneida chief from New York who helped gain support of Oneida and Tuscarora warriors to aid the rebel colonists during the American Revolutionary War.

Colonial Governor Gooch formally purchased the entire Shenandoah Valley from the Six Nations of the Iroquois by the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744. The Iroquois controlled the valley as a hunting ground. European settlement had already begun by that time. During Pontiac's War (1763-1766), Shawnee attacks reached as far east as the current county.

Shenandoah County was established in 1772. It was originally named Dunmore County for Virginia Governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore. Woodstock was the county seat. Dunmore was Virginia's last royal governor, and was forced from office during the American Revolution. During the war, in 1778 rebels renamed the county as Shenandoah.

During the Civil War, the Battle of New Market took place May 15, 1864.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 512 square miles (1,330 km2), of which 509 square miles (1,320 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3] The Fort Valley and western slopes of the Massanutten Mountain are located within the county.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,510
1800 13,823 31.5%
1810 13,646 −1.3%
1820 18,926 38.7%
1830 19,750 4.4%
1840 11,618 −41.2%
1850 13,768 18.5%
1860 13,896 0.9%
1870 14,936 7.5%
1880 18,204 21.9%
1890 19,671 8.1%
1900 20,253 3.0%
1910 20,942 3.4%
1920 20,808 −0.6%
1930 20,655 −0.7%
1940 20,898 1.2%
1950 21,169 1.3%
1960 21,825 3.1%
1970 22,852 4.7%
1980 27,559 20.6%
1990 31,636 14.8%
2000 35,075 10.9%
2010 41,993 19.7%
Est. 2014 43,021 [4] 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2012[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,993 people residing in the county. 93.0% were White, 1.7% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 2.8% of some other race and 1.6% of two or more races. 6.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 26.4% were of American, 22.0% German, 10.3% English and 7.6% Irish ancestry.[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 35,075 people, 14,296 households, and 10,064 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 16,709 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.60% White, 1.17% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.79% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 3.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,296 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,173, and the median income for a family was $45,080. Males had a median income of $29,952 versus $22,312 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,755. About 5.80% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.


Major highways



Secondary Institutions

Primary Institutions

  • Shenandoah Valley Adventist Elementary School
  • Valley Baptist Christian School


High schools

Elementary and Middle Schools

  • W.W. Robinson Elementary School
  • Peter Muhlenberg Middle School
  • Ashby Lee Elementary School
  • North Fork Middle School
  • Sandy Hook Elementary School
  • Signal Knob Middle School


  • Triplett Tech
  • Massanutten Regional Governor's School



Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "American FactFinder"
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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