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Sheshan (Chinese: 佘山; pinyin: Shéshān; Shanghainese: Zose) is a 328 feet (100 m) hill in the city of Shanghai in eastern China. It is surmounted by the Our Lady of China Catholic church, Sheshan Basilica, which was built there between 1925 and 1935 following its establishment as a chapel in the 1850s by European missionaries. Services in the church are held in Latin. The road to the top of Sheshan hill represents the Via Dolorosa (The Way of Suffering) that Christ took to his crucifixion. Every May pilgrims flock to the chapel and the holy road by the hundreds.
The hill also houses a Jesuit observatory which displays, in addition to scientific equipment of the modern era, a replica of a Han dynasty earthquake monitoring device, consisting of a jar with dragon heads mounted around the outside and a pendulum inside. Each dragon has a steel ball in its mouth. When an earthquake occurred, the pendulum would swing, knock a dragon causing its mouth to open and a ball to drop out thereby indicating the quake's direction.
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