List of sieges of Constantinople

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The 1453 Siege of Constantinople (painted 1499)

There were many sieges of Constantinople during the history of the Byzantine Empire. Two of them resulted in the capture of Constantinople from Byzantine rule: in 1204 by Crusaders, and in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire under Mehmed II.

Persian and Arab Sieges of Constantinople

Sieges by Bulgaria and the Rus'

Sieges and attacks during Byzantine civil wars

Crusades

Nicaean sieges

  • Siege of Constantinople (1235), by Bulgarian and Nicaean forces, unsuccessful
  • A Nicaean attack on Constantinople is implied by George Akropolites's account for 1248, but no details are known
  • Siege of Constantinople (1260), by the Empire of Nicaea, unsuccessful
  • In 1261, a small force of Nicaean troops under Alexios Strategopoulos gained entry into the poorly defended Latin capital, ending the Latin Empire and restoring Byzantine rule to the City. Most Latin troops defending the city were absent on campaign, and the Emperor fled without putting up any resistance; there was no siege.

Ottoman sieges

See also