Emperor Sinchi Roca
|Other names||Cinchi Roca|
|Spouse(s)||Mama Cura (sister)|
|Parent(s)||Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo|
Sinchi Roca, Sinchi Rocca, Cinchi Roca (in hispanicized spellings), Sinchi Ruq'a or Sinchi Ruq'a Inka (Quechua for "valorous generous Inca") was the second Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco (beginning around 1230 CE, though as early as 1105 CE according to some) and a member of the Húrin dynasty.
His mother was queen Mama Ocllo (Mama Uqllu), while his wife was Mama Cura, of the lineage Sanu, daughter of Sitic-huaman. They had a son named Sapaca. Manco Capac, Mama Huaco, Sinchi Rocca, and Manco Sapaca erected the House of the Sun. He died in 675 at the age of 127, after reigning 19 years.:35-36,40
Sinchi is known for the story of Teuotihi. Teuotihi was an Inca diplomat sent to a nearby kingdom to give a very important message. However, he was promptly killed on arrival and his head was sent back to Sinchi Roca. A war ensued, which ended with a decisive Inca victory at the Battle of Mauedipi. While in Inca legend this led to the dominance of Cuzco over the surrounding valleys, archaeological evidence and the testimony of other groups point that the Inca remained of little significance under his rule.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sinchi Roca.|
- The Ceque System of Cuzco translated by Eva M. Hooykaas
- The Incas: the royal commentaries of the Inca, Garcilaso de la Vega
- de Gamboa, P.S., 2015, History of the Incas, Lexington, ISBN 9781463688653
- The second part of the Chronicle of Peru by Pedro de Cieza de León. Printed for the Hakluyt Society.
As ruler of the Kingdom of Cusco
c. 1230–c. 1260