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Lernaeocera branchialis.jpg
Lernaeocera branchialis (Pennellidae)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Maxillopoda
Subclass: Copepoda
Order: Siphonostomatoida
Thorell, 1859

Siphonostomatoida is an order of copepods, containing around 75% of all the copepods that parasitise fishes.[1] Their success has been linked to their possession of siphon-like mandibles and of a "frontal filament" to aid attachment to their hosts.[2] Most are marine, but a few live in fresh water.[3] There are 39 recognised families:[4]


  1. Alan Gunn & Sarah Jane Pitt (2012). "Arthropod parasites". Parasitology: An Integrated Approach. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781119945086.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Zbigniew Kabata (1992). Copepods Parasitic on Fishes: Keys and Notes for the Identification of British Species. Synopses of the British Fauna. 47. Field Studies Council for The Linnean Society of London and The Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association. p. 12. ISBN 9781851532650.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Kjersti Tjensvoll (2005). Studies on the mitochondrial genome and rDNA genes from the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (PDF) (Doctor scientiarum thesis). University of Bergen.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. WoRMS (2013). "Siphonostomatoida". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved October 12, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links