Sir Gilbert Gerard, 1st Baronet of Harrow on the Hill

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search

Sir Gilbert Gerard, 1st Baronet of Harrow on the Hill (23 October 1587 – 6 January 1670), was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1660. He was a supporter of the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War and of Oliver Cromwell during the Protectorate.

Biography

Gerard was the son of William Gerard (died 1609) of Flambards, Harrow-on-the-Hill and his wife Dorothy Ratcliff, daughter of John Ratcliff of Langley.[1] He succeeded his father in 1609, inheriting Flambards in Harrow .

Gilbert served as Clerk of the Council of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1609 to 1640. He was elected Member of Parliament for Wigan in 1614 and created a baronet in 1620.[2] In 1621 he was elected MP for Middlesex. In 1624 he was elected MP for both Middlesex and Newtown, Isle of Wight but chose to sit for Middlesex.[3] He was elected again for Middlesex in 1625 and 1626.[4] In 1626 he was also appointed High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire.[3] [5]

In April 1640 Gerard was elected MP for Middlesex for the Short Parliament and in November the same year for the Long Parliament.[4] He showed himself to be an enemy to the Earl of Strafford, and afterwards joined the Parliamentary cause against the King.[6] He was appointed to the Committee of Both Kingdoms,[7] and he was made paymaster of the Parliamentary army. He had three-pence in the pound allowance, worth fifty thousand pounds and also was appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. The Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell made him a lord of his Upper House.[6]

After Richard Cromwell's resignation as Protector Gerard was refused admission to the House of Commons because of his alliance to and friendship for the Cromwells. He had the courage to bring an action against Colonel Alured, who had personally stopped him as he was entering the House; but Parliament ordered the action to be dropped, as it was done by their order. The Army soon after obtaining the superiority, he was nominated one of the new Council of State.[6] In April 1660 he was elected MP for Lancaster.[3] He survived the restoration,[6] dying on 6 January 1670, and was buried at Harrow.[8]

Family

In 1614 Gerard married Charlotte Miriam who bore two children Thomas and Katherine. They lived in their estate in Strafford. Katherine at age 15 ran away and was to be found two years later. Thomas lived to the age of 14 and died.

Notes

  1. Burke & Burke 1838, p. 217. According to Burke, William Gerard died 15 April 1583, four years before his son's birth.
  2. George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage, Volume 1 1900
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Helms & Cassidy 1982.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Willis 1750, pp. 229–239.
  5. "Sheriffs of Buckinghamshire: 1602/3 to 1648". genuki. Retrieved 2011-10-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Noble 1784, pp. 50–53.
  7. Firth & Rait 1911, p. 381.
  8. Helms & Cassidy 1982 Cites Bowman diary, f. 84; Old Parl. Hist. xxii. 442; Smith’s Obituary (Cam. Soc. xliv), 50.

References

  • Burke, John; Burke, John Bernard (1838). A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies. Scott, Webster, and Geary. p. 217.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Helms, M. W.; Cassidy, Irene (1982). "GERARD, Sir Gilbert (1587-1670) of Flambards, Harrow-on-the-Hill". History of Parliament (1660-1690). The History of Parliament Trust.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Firth, C.H.; Rait, R.S., eds. (1911). "February 1644: An Ordinance for the appointing a Committee of both Houses of Parliament, to join with the Committees and Commissioners of Scotland, for the better managing the Affairs of both Nations, in the common Cause, according to the Ends expressed in the late Covenant and Treaty between the Two Nations of England and Scotland". Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660. pp. 381, 382.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Noble, Mark (1784). Memoirs of the Protectorate-house of Cromwell: Deduced from an Early Period, and Continued Down to the Present Time,... 2. Printed Pearson and Rollason. p. pp. 50–53.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 5V09AAAAYAAJ&pg&#61, RA2-PA180#v&#61, onepage&q&f&#61, false 180, 192, 193, 211, 233, 246.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Attribution
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Memoirs of the Protectorate-house of Cromwell: Deduced from an Early Period, and Continued Down to the Present Time,...", by Mark Noble (1784)
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir William Cooke
Sir John Poulteney
Member of Parliament for Wigan
1614-1621
With: Richard Molyneux, 1st Viscount Molyneux
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Gerard, 1st Baronet
Roger Downes
Preceded by
Sir Julius Caesar
Sir Thomas Lake
Member of Parliament for Middlesex
1621-1626
With: Sir Francis Darcy 1621-1622
John Suckling 1624
Sir John Francklyn 1625
Sir Edward Spencer 1626
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Darcy
Sir H. Spiller
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Middlesex
1640-1648
With: Sir John Francklyn 1640
Sir Edward Spencer 1640-1648
Succeeded by
Not represented in Rump Parliament
Preceded by
Thomas Fell
Member of Parliament for Lancaster
1660–1661
With: William West
Succeeded by
Richard Kirkby
Sir John Harrison