Sir Robert Smyth, 5th Baronet

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Sir Robert Smyth, 5th Baronet (1744–1802 was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1790, and a revolutionary. .

Smyth was the son of of Rev. Robert Smyth, vicar of Woolavington, Sussex and his wife Dorothy Lloyd, daughter of Thomas Lloyd of Dolyglunnen, Merioneth. and was born on 10 Jan. 1744. He was educated at Westminster School. He was admitted at Lincoln’s Inn on 3 April 1761 and and matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge at Easter 1762. He succeeded his cousin Sir Trafford Smyth, 4th Baronet in the baronetcy on 8 December 1765. In 1766 he was awarded MA and in 1775 MA. [1]

In the 1774 general election Smyth was returned as Member of Parliament for Cardigan Boroughs but was unseated on petition on 7 December 1775. He married Charlotte Sophia Blake on 17 September 1776. In the 1780 general election he was returned as MP for Colchester. He stood at Colchester again in 1784 and was defeated but was then seated on petition. He did not stand again in 1790.[2]

Smyth then became a banker and settled in Paris. In 1792 William Lindsay wrote that Smyth had become “a violent democrat ... intimately connected with some of the leading republicans” adding that he “is extremely violent, and will do all the mischief in his power during his stay here”. He was a member of the British revolutionary club in Paris and a close friend of Thomas Paine. [2] At a dinner in November 1792 he renounced his title and proposed a toast to “The speedy abolition of all hereditary titles and feudal distinctions”[1]. However he was imprisoned during the Terror. In 1796 Paine helped him obtain a passport to go to Hamburg in order to collect remittances from England. He did not return to England for, as Paine wrote to the French minister, he liked “neither the Government nor climate of England”. Smyth died at Paris on 12 April 1807.[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Smyth, Robert (SMT762R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "SMYTH, Sir Robert, 5th Bt. (1744-1802), of Berechurch, nr. Colchester, Essex". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 20 August 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Ralph Congreve
Member of Parliament for Cardigan Boroughs
1774– 1775
Succeeded by
Thomas Johnes
Preceded by
Charles Gray
Isaac Martin Rebow
Member of Parliament for Colchester
17801784
With: Isaac Martin Rebow
Christopher Potter
Sir Edmund Affleck, Bt
Succeeded by
Christopher Potter
Sir Edmund Affleck, Bt
Preceded by
Christopher Potter
Sir Edmund Affleck, Bt
Member of Parliament for Colchester
1784–1790
With: Sir Edmund Affleck, Bt
George Tierney
Succeeded by
Robert Thornton
George Jackson
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Sir Trafford Smyth, 4th Baronet
Baronet
(of Upton)
1765-1802
Succeeded by
Sir George Henry Smyth, 6th Baronet