Sirdaryo Region

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Sirdaryo Region
Sirdaryo viloyati
Sirdaryo in Uzbekistan
Sirdaryo in Uzbekistan
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Country Uzbekistan
Capital Guliston
 • Hokim Ashurov Oybek Shodmonqulovich
 • Total 5,100 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 648,100
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone East (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+5)
ISO 3166 code UZ-SI
Districts 9
Cities 5
Townships 6
Villages 75

Sirdarya Region (Uzbek: Sirdaryo viloyati, Сирдарё вилояти) is one of the regions of Uzbekistan, located in the center of the country on the left bank of Syr Darya River. It borders with (Kazakhstan), Tajikistan, Tashkent Region, and Jizzakh Region. It covers an area of 5,100 km², and is mostly desert, with the Starving Steppe taking up a significant part of the region's area. The population is estimated to be around 648,100.


Syrdaryo Region is divided into 9 administrative districts. The capital is the city of Guliston (pop. est. 54,000 inhabitants). Other cities and towns include Baxt, Boyovut, Farhod, Qahramon, Sayhun, Sirdaryo, Shirin and Yangiyer.


Key District name District capital
1 Akaltyn District Sardoba
2 Bayaut District Bayaut
3 Gulistan District Dehqonobod
4 Khavast District Khavast
5 Mekhnatabad District Kakhraman
6 Mirzaabad District Navruz
7 Saikhunabad District Saikhun
8 Sharof Rashidov District Pakhtaabad
9 Sirdaryo District Sirdaryo


The climate is a typically arid continental climate with extreme differences between winter and summer temperatures.


The economy is based on cotton and cereal crops, with strong reliance on irrigation and on cattle breeding. Minor crops include forage plants, vegetables, melons, gourds, potatoes, maize, a variety of fruit and grapes. Industry consists of construction materials, irrigation equipment and raw-cotton processing.

Syrdarya contains one of Uzbekistan's largest hydroelectric power plants, which generates one third of the country's electricity.